An Introduction to Statistical Modelling

Author: W. J. Krzanowski

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780470711019

Category: Mathematics

Page: 264

View: 3070

Statisticians rely heavily on making models of 'causal situations' in order to fully explain and predict events. Modelling therefore plays a vital part in all applications of statistics and is a component of most undergraduate programmes. 'An Introduction to Statistical Modelling' provides a single reference with an applied slant that caters for all three years of a degree course. The book concentrates on core issues and only the most essential mathematical justifications are given in detail. Attention is firmly focused on the statistical aspects of the techniques, in this lively, practical approach.
Release

An Introduction to Statistical Learning

with Applications in R

Author: Gareth James,Daniela Witten,Trevor Hastie,Robert Tibshirani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461471389

Category: Mathematics

Page: 426

View: 550

An Introduction to Statistical Learning provides an accessible overview of the field of statistical learning, an essential toolset for making sense of the vast and complex data sets that have emerged in fields ranging from biology to finance to marketing to astrophysics in the past twenty years. This book presents some of the most important modeling and prediction techniques, along with relevant applications. Topics include linear regression, classification, resampling methods, shrinkage approaches, tree-based methods, support vector machines, clustering, and more. Color graphics and real-world examples are used to illustrate the methods presented. Since the goal of this textbook is to facilitate the use of these statistical learning techniques by practitioners in science, industry, and other fields, each chapter contains a tutorial on implementing the analyses and methods presented in R, an extremely popular open source statistical software platform. Two of the authors co-wrote The Elements of Statistical Learning (Hastie, Tibshirani and Friedman, 2nd edition 2009), a popular reference book for statistics and machine learning researchers. An Introduction to Statistical Learning covers many of the same topics, but at a level accessible to a much broader audience. This book is targeted at statisticians and non-statisticians alike who wish to use cutting-edge statistical learning techniques to analyze their data. The text assumes only a previous course in linear regression and no knowledge of matrix algebra.
Release

Financial and Actuarial Statistics

An Introduction, Second Edition

Author: Dale S. Borowiak,Arnold F. Shapiro

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203911245

Category: Mathematics

Page: 392

View: 2430

Understand Up-to-Date Statistical Techniques for Financial and Actuarial Applications Since the first edition was published, statistical techniques, such as reliability measurement, simulation, regression, and Markov chain modeling, have become more prominent in the financial and actuarial industries. Consequently, practitioners and students must acquire strong mathematical and statistical backgrounds in order to have successful careers. Financial and Actuarial Statistics: An Introduction, Second Edition enables readers to obtain the necessary mathematical and statistical background. It also advances the application and theory of statistics in modern financial and actuarial modeling. Like its predecessor, this second edition considers financial and actuarial modeling from a statistical point of view while adding a substantial amount of new material. New to the Second Edition Nomenclature and notations standard to the actuarial field Excel exercises with solutions, which demonstrate how to use Excel functions for statistical and actuarial computations Problems dealing with standard probability and statistics theory, along with detailed equation links A chapter on Markov chains and actuarial applications Expanded discussions of simulation techniques and applications, such as investment pricing Sections on the maximum likelihood approach to parameter estimation as well as asymptotic applications Discussions of diagnostic procedures for nonnegative random variables and Pareto, lognormal, Weibull, and left truncated distributions Expanded material on surplus models and ruin computations Discussions of nonparametric prediction intervals, option pricing diagnostics, variance of the loss function associated with standard actuarial models, and Gompertz and Makeham distributions Sections on the concept of actuarial statistics for a collection of stochastic status models The book presents a unified approach to both financial and actuarial modeling through the use of general status structures. The authors define future time-dependent financial actions in terms of a status structure that may be either deterministic or stochastic. They show how deterministic status structures lead to classical interest and annuity models, investment pricing models, and aggregate claim models. They also employ stochastic status structures to develop financial and actuarial models, such as surplus models, life insurance, and life annuity models.
Release

Marine Mammal Ecology and Conservation

A Handbook of Techniques

Author: Ian L. Boyd,W. Don Bowen,Sara J. Iverson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199216568

Category: Nature

Page: 450

View: 4022

Much of our knowledge about marine mammals is derived from a long-term and dedicated research effort that is evolving rapidly due to the introduction and invention of new methods.This book reflects the inventiveness of marine researchers as they try to find ways around the problems presented to them by these unusual and challenging animals.
Release

Introduction to Spatial Econometrics

Author: James LeSage,Robert Kelley Pace

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420064254

Category: Mathematics

Page: 340

View: 6639

Although interest in spatial regression models has surged in recent years, a comprehensive, up-to-date text on these approaches does not exist. Filling this void, Introduction to Spatial Econometrics presents a variety of regression methods used to analyze spatial data samples that violate the traditional assumption of independence between observations. It explores a wide range of alternative topics, including maximum likelihood and Bayesian estimation, various types of spatial regression specifications, and applied modeling situations involving different circumstances. Leaders in this field, the authors clarify the often-mystifying phenomenon of simultaneous spatial dependence. By presenting new methods, they help with the interpretation of spatial regression models, especially ones that include spatial lags of the dependent variable. The authors also examine the relationship between spatiotemporal processes and long-run equilibrium states that are characterized by simultaneous spatial dependence. MATLAB® toolboxes useful for spatial econometric estimation are available on the authors’ websites. This work covers spatial econometric modeling as well as numerous applied illustrations of the methods. It encompasses many recent advances in spatial econometric models—including some previously unpublished results.
Release

Introduction to Bayesian Econometrics

Author: Edward Greenberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107015316

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 249

View: 7816

This textbook explains the basic ideas of subjective probability and shows how subjective probabilities must obey the usual rules of probability to ensure coherency. It defines the likelihood function, prior distributions and posterior distributions. It explains how posterior distributions are the basis for inference and explores their basic properties. Various methods of specifying prior distributions are considered, with special emphasis on subject-matter considerations and exchange ability. The regression model is examined to show how analytical methods may fail in the derivation of marginal posterior distributions. The remainder of the book is concerned with applications of the theory to important models that are used in economics, political science, biostatistics and other applied fields. New to the second edition is a chapter on semiparametric regression and new sections on the ordinal probit, item response, factor analysis, ARCH-GARCH and stochastic volatility models. The new edition also emphasizes the R programming language.
Release

An Introduction to Generalized Linear Models

Author: Annette J. Dobson,Adrian G. Barnett

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351726218

Category: Mathematics

Page: 376

View: 8300

An Introduction to Generalized Linear Models, Fourth Edition provides a cohesive framework for statistical modelling, with an emphasis on numerical and graphical methods. This new edition of a bestseller has been updated with new sections on non-linear associations, strategies for model selection, and a Postface on good statistical practice. Like its predecessor, this edition presents the theoretical background of generalized linear models (GLMs) before focusing on methods for analyzing particular kinds of data. It covers Normal, Poisson, and Binomial distributions; linear regression models; classical estimation and model fitting methods; and frequentist methods of statistical inference. After forming this foundation, the authors explore multiple linear regression, analysis of variance (ANOVA), logistic regression, log-linear models, survival analysis, multilevel modeling, Bayesian models, and Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods. Introduces GLMs in a way that enables readers to understand the unifying structure that underpins them Discusses common concepts and principles of advanced GLMs, including nominal and ordinal regression, survival analysis, non-linear associations and longitudinal analysis Connects Bayesian analysis and MCMC methods to fit GLMs Contains numerous examples from business, medicine, engineering, and the social sciences Provides the example code for R, Stata, and WinBUGS to encourage implementation of the methods Offers the data sets and solutions to the exercises online Describes the components of good statistical practice to improve scientific validity and reproducibility of results. Using popular statistical software programs, this concise and accessible text illustrates practical approaches to estimation, model fitting, and model comparisons.
Release

Measuring Agreement

Models, Methods, and Applications

Author: Pankaj K. Choudhary,Haikady N. Nagaraja

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118553241

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 5462

Release

Stochastic Processes

An Introduction, Third Edition

Author: Peter Watts Jones,Peter Smith

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498778127

Category: Mathematics

Page: 255

View: 8333

Based on a well-established and popular course taught by the authors over many years, Stochastic Processes: An Introduction, Third Edition, discusses the modelling and analysis of random experiments, where processes evolve over time. The text begins with a review of relevant fundamental probability. It then covers gambling problems, random walks, and Markov chains. The authors go on to discuss random processes continuous in time, including Poisson, birth and death processes, and general population models, and present an extended discussion on the analysis of associated stationary processes in queues. The book also explores reliability and other random processes, such as branching, martingales, and simple epidemics. A new chapter describing Brownian motion, where the outcomes are continuously observed over continuous time, is included. Further applications, worked examples and problems, and biographical details have been added to this edition. Much of the text has been reworked. The appendix contains key results in probability for reference. This concise, updated book makes the material accessible, highlighting simple applications and examples. A solutions manual with fully worked answers of all end-of-chapter problems, and Mathematica® and R programs illustrating many processes discussed in the book, can be downloaded from crcpress.com.
Release

Introduction to Probability and Statistics: Principles and Applications for Engineering and the Computing Sciences

Author: J. Susan Milton,Jesse C Arnold

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9780072468366

Category: Mathematics

Page: 816

View: 5164

This well-respected text is designed for the first course in probability and statistics taken by students majoring in Engineering and the Computing Sciences. The prerequisite is one year of calculus. The text offers a balanced presentation of applications and theory. The authors take care to develop the theoretical foundations for the statistical methods presented at a level that is accessible to students with only a calculus background. They explore the practical implications of the formal results to problem-solving so students gain an understanding of the logic behind the techniques as well as practice in using them. The examples, exercises, and applications were chosen specifically for students in engineering and computer science and include opportunities for real data analysis.
Release

Bayesian Statistics

An Introduction

Author: Peter M. Lee

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118359771

Category: Mathematics

Page: 488

View: 3513

Bayesian Statistics is the school of thought that combines priorbeliefs with the likelihood of a hypothesis to arrive at posteriorbeliefs. The first edition of Peter Lee’s book appeared in1989, but the subject has moved ever onwards, with increasingemphasis on Monte Carlo based techniques. This new fourth edition looks at recent techniques such asvariational methods, Bayesian importance sampling, approximateBayesian computation and Reversible Jump Markov Chain Monte Carlo(RJMCMC), providing a concise account of the way in which theBayesian approach to statistics develops as well as how itcontrasts with the conventional approach. The theory is built upstep by step, and important notions such as sufficiency are broughtout of a discussion of the salient features of specificexamples. This edition: Includes expanded coverage of Gibbs sampling, including morenumerical examples and treatments of OpenBUGS, R2WinBUGS andR2OpenBUGS. Presents significant new material on recent techniques such asBayesian importance sampling, variational Bayes, ApproximateBayesian Computation (ABC) and Reversible Jump Markov Chain MonteCarlo (RJMCMC). Provides extensive examples throughout the book to complementthe theory presented. Accompanied by a supporting website featuring new material andsolutions. More and more students are realizing that they need to learnBayesian statistics to meet their academic and professional goals.This book is best suited for use as a main text in courses onBayesian statistics for third and fourth year undergraduates andpostgraduate students.
Release

An Introduction to Probability and Statistics

Author: Vijay K. Rohatgi,A. K. Md. Ehsanes Saleh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118165683

Category: Mathematics

Page: 744

View: 9606

The second edition of a well-received book that was published 24 years ago and continues to sell to this day, An Introduction to Probability and Statistics is now revised to incorporate new information as well as substantial updates of existing material.
Release

Modelling Binary Data, Second Edition

Author: David Collett

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420057383

Category: Mathematics

Page: 408

View: 2876

Since the original publication of the bestselling Modelling Binary Data, a number of important methodological and computational developments have emerged, accompanied by the steady growth of statistical computing. Mixed models for binary data analysis and procedures that lead to an exact version of logistic regression form valuable additions to the statistician's toolbox, and author Dave Collett has fully updated his popular treatise to incorporate these important advances. Modelling Binary Data, Second Edition now provides an even more comprehensive and practical guide to statistical methods for analyzing binary data. Along with thorough revisions to the original material-now independent of any particular software package- it includes a new chapter introducing mixed models for binary data analysis and another on exact methods for modelling binary data. The author has also added material on modelling ordered categorical data and provides a summary of the leading software packages. All of the data sets used in the book are available for download from the Internet, and the appendices include additional data sets useful as exercises.
Release

Introduction to Bayesian Statistics

Author: William M. Bolstad,James M. Curran

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118593227

Category: Mathematics

Page: 624

View: 5639

"...this edition is useful and effective in teaching Bayesian inference at both elementary and intermediate levels. It is a well-written book on elementary Bayesian inference, and the material is easily accessible. It is both concise and timely, and provides a good collection of overviews and reviews of important tools used in Bayesian statistical methods." There is a strong upsurge in the use of Bayesian methods in applied statistical analysis, yet most introductory statistics texts only present frequentist methods. Bayesian statistics has many important advantages that students should learn about if they are going into fields where statistics will be used. In this third Edition, four newly-added chapters address topics that reflect the rapid advances in the field of Bayesian statistics. The authors continue to provide a Bayesian treatment of introductory statistical topics, such as scientific data gathering, discrete random variables, robust Bayesian methods, and Bayesian approaches to inference for discrete random variables, binomial proportions, Poisson, and normal means, and simple linear regression. In addition, more advanced topics in the field are presented in four new chapters: Bayesian inference for a normal with unknown mean and variance; Bayesian inference for a Multivariate Normal mean vector; Bayesian inference for the Multiple Linear Regression Model; and Computational Bayesian Statistics including Markov Chain Monte Carlo. The inclusion of these topics will facilitate readers' ability to advance from a minimal understanding of Statistics to the ability to tackle topics in more applied, advanced level books. Minitab macros and R functions are available on the book's related website to assist with chapter exercises. Introduction to Bayesian Statistics, Third Edition also features: Topics including the Joint Likelihood function and inference using independent Jeffreys priors and join conjugate prior The cutting-edge topic of computational Bayesian Statistics in a new chapter, with a unique focus on Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods Exercises throughout the book that have been updated to reflect new applications and the latest software applications Detailed appendices that guide readers through the use of R and Minitab software for Bayesian analysis and Monte Carlo simulations, with all related macros available on the book's website Introduction to Bayesian Statistics, Third Edition is a textbook for upper-undergraduate or first-year graduate level courses on introductory statistics course with a Bayesian emphasis. It can also be used as a reference work for statisticians who require a working knowledge of Bayesian statistics.
Release

A First Course in Order Statistics

Author: Barry C. Arnold,N. Balakrishnan,H. N. Nagaraja

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 0898716489

Category: Mathematics

Page: 279

View: 9992

This updated classic text will aid readers in understanding much of the current literature on order statistics: a flourishing field of study that is essential for any practising statistician and a vital part of the training for students in statistics. Written in a simple style that requires no advanced mathematical or statistical background, the book introduces the general theory of order statistics and their applications. The book covers topics such as distribution theory for order statistics from continuous and discrete populations, moment relations, bounds and approximations, order statistics in statistical inference and characterisation results, and basic asymptotic theory. There is also a short introduction to record values and related statistics. The authors have updated the text with suggestions for further reading that may be used for self-study. Written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in statistics and mathematics, practising statisticians, engineers, climatologists, economists, and biologists.
Release

Kendall's Library of Statistics 9

Multilevel Statistical Models

Author: Harvey Goldstein

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780340806555

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 8792

It is now generally recognised in many areas of the social, medical and other sciences that statistical data typically have complex hierarchical or multilevel structures in which individuals are grouped together in communities or institutions. This grouping affects their behaviour and multilevel modelling is now the accepted statistical technique for the analysis of this type of data. An understanding of these methods is vital for researchers in fields such as education, epidemiology, geography, child growth and social surveys, among others. This new edition brings the book fully up to date, explaining important new developments such as the use of Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods, bootstrapping and mulitvariate models. The book has been completely restructured for this third edition and extra space has been given to discussion of key issues such as missing data, measurement errors and multivariate models. Real-life examples are used throughout to illustrate clearly the theoretical concepts.
Release

Statistical Modeling and Computation

Author: Dirk P. Kroese,Joshua C.C. Chan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461487757

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 6089

This textbook on statistical modeling and statistical inference will assist advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Statistical Modeling and Computation provides a unique introduction to modern Statistics from both classical and Bayesian perspectives. It also offers an integrated treatment of Mathematical Statistics and modern statistical computation, emphasizing statistical modeling, computational techniques, and applications. Each of the three parts will cover topics essential to university courses. Part I covers the fundamentals of probability theory. In Part II, the authors introduce a wide variety of classical models that include, among others, linear regression and ANOVA models. In Part III, the authors address the statistical analysis and computation of various advanced models, such as generalized linear, state-space and Gaussian models. Particular attention is paid to fast Monte Carlo techniques for Bayesian inference on these models. Throughout the book the authors include a large number of illustrative examples and solved problems. The book also features a section with solutions, an appendix that serves as a MATLAB primer, and a mathematical supplement.​
Release

SAS for Data Analysis

Intermediate Statistical Methods

Author: Mervyn G. Marasinghe,William J. Kennedy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387773728

Category: Mathematics

Page: 558

View: 1661

This book is intended for use as the textbook in a second course in applied statistics that covers topics in multiple regression and analysis of variance at an intermediate level. Generally, students enrolled in such courses are p- marily graduate majors or advanced undergraduate students from a variety of disciplines. These students typically have taken an introductory-level s- tistical methods course that requires the use a software system such as SAS for performing statistical analysis. Thus students are expected to have an - derstanding of basic concepts of statistical inference such as estimation and hypothesis testing. Understandably, adequate time is not available in a ?rst course in stat- tical methods to cover the use of a software system adequately in the amount of time available for instruction. The aim of this book is to teach how to use the SAS system for data analysis. The SAS language is introduced at a level of sophistication not found in most introductory SAS books. Important features such as SAS data step programming, pointers, and line-hold spe- ?ers are described in detail. The powerful graphics support available in SAS is emphasized throughout, and many worked SAS program examples contain graphic components.
Release

Cluster Analysis

Author: Brian S. Everitt,Sabine Landau,Morven Leese,Daniel Stahl

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470978443

Category: Mathematics

Page: 346

View: 449

Cluster analysis comprises a range of methods for classifying multivariate data into subgroups. By organizing multivariate data into such subgroups, clustering can help reveal the characteristics of any structure or patterns present. These techniques have proven useful in a wide range of areas such as medicine, psychology, market research and bioinformatics. This fifth edition of the highly successful Cluster Analysis includes coverage of the latest developments in the field and a new chapter dealing with finite mixture models for structured data. Real life examples are used throughout to demonstrate the application of the theory, and figures are used extensively to illustrate graphical techniques. The book is comprehensive yet relatively non-mathematical, focusing on the practical aspects of cluster analysis. Key Features: • Presents a comprehensive guide to clustering techniques, with focus on the practical aspects of cluster analysis. • Provides a thorough revision of the fourth edition, including new developments in clustering longitudinal data and examples from bioinformatics and gene studies • Updates the chapter on mixture models to include recent developments and presents a new chapter on mixture modeling for structured data. Practitioners and researchers working in cluster analysis and data analysis will benefit from this book.
Release