An Introduction to Interfaces & Colloids

The Bridge to Nanoscience

Author: John C. Berg

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814293075

Category: Science

Page: 785

View: 4570

Offers an introduction to the topics in interfacial phenomena, colloid science or nanoscience. Designed as a pedagogical tool, this book recognizes the cross-disciplinary nature of the subject. It features descriptions of experiments and contains figures and illustrations that enhance the understanding of concepts.
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An Introduction to Interfaces and Colloids

The Bridge to Nanoscience

Author: John C Berg

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813100982

Category: Science

Page: 804

View: 4243

The textbook seeks to bring readers with no prior knowledge or experience in interfacial phenomena, colloid science or nanoscience to the point where they can comfortably enter the current scientific and technical literature in the area. Designed as a pedagogical tool, this book recognizes the cross-disciplinary nature of the subject. To facilitate learning, the topics are developed from the beginning with ample cross-referencing. The understanding of concepts is enhanced by clear descriptions of experiments and provisions of figures and illustrations. The Solutions manual is available upon request for all instructors who adopt this book as a course text. Please send your request to [email protected] Errata(s) Errata
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An Introduction to Interfaces & Colloids

The Bridge to Nanoscience

Author: John C. Berg

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated

ISBN: 9789814299824

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 785

View: 2057

The textbook seeks to bring readers with no prior knowledge or experience in interfacial phenomena, colloid science or nanoscience to the point where they can comfortably enter the current scientific and technical literature in the area. Designed as a pedagogical tool, this book recognizes the cross-disciplinary nature of the subject. To facilitate learning, the topics are developed from the beginning with ample cross-referencing. The understanding of concepts is enhanced by clear descriptions of experiments and provisions of figures and illustrations.
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Statistical Thermodynamics

Fundamentals and Applications

Author: Normand M. Laurendeau

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139446185

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 7658

This 2006 textbook discusses the fundamentals and applications of statistical thermodynamics for beginning graduate students in the physical and engineering sciences. Building on the prototypical Maxwell–Boltzmann method and maintaining a step-by-step development of the subject, this book assumes the reader has no previous exposure to statistics, quantum mechanics or spectroscopy. The book begins with the essentials of statistical thermodynamics, pauses to recover needed knowledge from quantum mechanics and spectroscopy, and then moves on to applications involving ideal gases, the solid state and radiation. A full introduction to kinetic theory is provided, including its applications to transport phenomena and chemical kinetics. A highlight of the textbook is its discussion of modern applications, such as laser-based diagnostics. The book concludes with a thorough presentation of the ensemble method, featuring its use for real gases. Numerous examples and prompted homework problems enrich the text.
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Colloidal Dispersions

Author: W. B. Russel,D. A. Saville,W. R. Schowalter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521426008

Category: Mathematics

Page: 525

View: 3292

Imparts a sound, quantitative understanding of colloidal science, based on fundamental theory and experiments with well-characterised model systems.
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Kinetics of Materials

Author: Robert W. Balluffi,Sam Allen,W. Craig Carter

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471749303

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 1596

A classroom-tested textbook providing a fundamental understanding of basic kinetic processes in materials This textbook, reflecting the hands-on teaching experience of its three authors, evolved from Massachusetts Institute of Technology's first-year graduate curriculum in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering. It discusses key topics collectively representing the basic kinetic processes that cause changes in the size, shape, composition, and atomistic structure of materials. Readers gain a deeper understanding of these kinetic processes and of the properties and applications of materials. Topics are introduced in a logical order, enabling students to develop a solid foundation before advancing to more sophisticated topics. Kinetics of Materials begins with diffusion, offering a description of the elementary manner in which atoms and molecules move around in solids and liquids. Next, the more complex motion of dislocations and interfaces is addressed. Finally, still more complex kinetic phenomena, such as morphological evolution and phase transformations, are treated. Throughout the textbook, readers are instilled with an appreciation of the subject's analytic foundations and, in many cases, the approximations commonly used in the field. The authors offer many extensive derivations of important results to help illuminate their origins. While the principal focus is on kinetic phenomena in crystalline materials, select phenomena in noncrystalline materials are also discussed. In many cases, the principles involved apply to all materials. Exercises with accompanying solutions are provided throughout Kinetics of Materials, enabling readers to put their newfound knowledge into practice. In addition, bibliographies are offered with each chapter, helping readers to investigate specialized topics in greater detail. Several appendices presenting important background material are also included. With its unique range of topics, progressive structure, and extensive exercises, this classroom-tested textbook provides an enriching learning experience for first-year graduate students.
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Introduction to Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Author: Duncan J. Shaw

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780750611824

Category: Science

Page: 306

View: 7064

This thoroughly updated edition continues to provide a concise overall coverage of colloid and surface chemistry, intermediate between the brief accounts in physical chemistry textbooks and the comprehensive coverage in specialized treatises. New information is included on the composition and structure of solid surfaces, dynamic light scattering, micro emulsions and colloid stability control. The book provides a sound, but easy to follow theoretical framework. It outlines relevant research techniques and considers technological applications. A basic knowledge of the principles of physical chemistry is assumed. It will appeal to a wide readership, both undergraduate and postgraduate students at universities and colleges of technology as well as scientists in industry who need a broad background in the subject.
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Introduction to Nanoscience

Author: Stuart Lindsay

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199544212

Category: Science

Page: 457

View: 5216

Accompanying disc contains Powerpoint slides, animations and texts in various formats.
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The Case of the Poisonous Socks

Tales from Chemistry

Author: William Hodson Brock

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849733244

Category: Science

Page: 348

View: 1805

A collection of essays containing tales of chemists and their discoveries from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
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Principles of Colloid and Surface Chemistry, Third Edition, Revised and Expanded

Author: Paul C. Hiemenz,Raj Rajagopalan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 135199073X

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 8429

This work aims to familiarize students with the fundamentals of colloid and surface science, from various types of colloids and colloidal phenomena, and classical and modern characterization/measurement techniques to applications of colloids and surface science in engineering, technology, chemistry, physics and biological and medical sciences. The Journal of Textile Studies proclaims "High praise from peers . . .contains valuable information on many topics of interest to food rheologists and polymer scientists ...[The book] should be in the libraries of academic and industrial food research organizations" and Chromatographia describes the book as "...an excellent textbook, excellently organised, clearly written and well laid out."
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Computational Methods for Complex Liquid-Fluid Interfaces

Author: Mohammad Taeibi Rahni,Mohsen Karbaschi,Reinhard Miller

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498722091

Category: Science

Page: 538

View: 8445

Computational Methods for Complex Liquid-Fluid Interfaces highlights key computational challenges involved in the two-way coupling of complex liquid-fluid interfaces. The book covers a variety of cutting-edge experimental and computational techniques ranging from macro- to meso- and microscale approaches (including pivotal applications). As examples, the text: defines the most important interfacial quantities and their experimental investigations, providing theoretical background and detailed solutions, describes vital techniques used in interfacial flow problems, such as modern meshless numerical methods and conventional computational fluid dynamics methods, and discusses the technicalities of correctly using the computational methods developed for interfacial flows, as well as the simulation of interesting interfacial flow physics. Edited and authored by leading scientists and researchers, Computational Methods for Complex Liquid-Fluid Interfaces offers an authoritative and state-of-the-art overview of computational methodologies and simulation techniques for the quantification of interfacial quantities.
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Capillarity and Wetting Phenomena

Drops, Bubbles, Pearls, Waves

Author: Pierre-Gilles de Gennes,Francoise Brochard-Wyart,David Quere

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387216561

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 9862

The study of capillarity is in the midst of a veritable explosion. What is offered here is not a comprehensive review of the latest research but rather a compendium of principles designed for the undergraduate student and for readers interested in the physics underlying these phenomena.
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Bio-Nanoparticles

Biosynthesis and Sustainable Biotechnological Implications

Author: Om V. Singh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118677684

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 6868

Nanoparticles are considered to be the building blocks for nanotechnology and are referred to as the particles having more than one dimension of the order of 100 nm or less.The nanostructured materials are being offered as better built, long lasting, cleaner, safer, and smarter products for use in communications, medicine, transportation, agriculture and other industries. Topics in molecular recognition, biomolecule-nanocrystal conjugates as fluorescence label for biological cells, and DNA-mediated groupings of nanocrystals are widespread, intriguing researchers from both biological and engineering fields. The diversity of nanotechnology covers fields from biology to material science, physics to chemistry, and other fields with variety of specialties. Controlled size, shape, composition, crystallinity, and structure-dependent properties of nanoparticles govern the unique properties of nanotechnology. The controlled biosynthesis of nanoparticles is of high scientific and technological interest as the microorganisms grab target ions from their environment and then turn the metal ions into the element metal through enzymatic mechanism generated through their cellular (Intra/ Extra) activities. The project aims to introduce the basics and advancements made so far in the field of biosynthesis of nanoparticles for graduate students and researchers around the world. The main aims are to (a) introduce the reader to the variety of microorganisms and their ability to synthesize the nanoparticles, (b) provide an overview of the methodologies applied to biosynthesize the variety of nanoparticles of medical and commercial uses, (c) provide a literature review on diversity of microorganisms able to synthesize nanoparticles of different types, (d) to discuss the regulatory mechanisms in microorganism able to synthesize variety of nanoparticles, (e) discuss experimental design problems associated with the controlled biosynthesis of nanoparticles, (f) discuss the stability and toxicity of nanoparticles in varying environment towards their therapeutic implications. The regulations, challenges and implications of biosynthesized nanoparticles for commercial significance will also represent among the main sections of the book. These aims will be organized by invited research/ review articles from renowned researchers exploring biosynthesis of variety of nanoparticles, and differ in length and number of chapters, with the literature review section containing the bulk of the text.
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Analysis of Transport Phenomena

Author: William Murray Deen

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199740284

Category: Mathematics

Page: 664

View: 8857

Analysis of Transport Phenomena, Second Edition, provides a unified treatment of momentum, heat, and mass transfer, emphasizing the concepts and analytical techniques that apply to these transport processes. The second edition has been revised to reinforce the progression from simple to complex topics and to better introduce the applied mathematics that is needed both to understand classical results and to model novel systems. A common set of formulation, simplification, and solution methods is applied first to heat or mass transfer in stationary media and then to fluid mechanics, convective heat or mass transfer, and systems involving various kinds of coupled fluxes. FEATURES: * Explains classical methods and results, preparing students for engineering practice and more advanced study or research * Covers everything from heat and mass transfer in stationary media to fluid mechanics, free convection, and turbulence * Improved organization, including the establishment of a more integrative approach * Emphasizes concepts and analytical techniques that apply to all transport processes * Mathematical techniques are introduced more gradually to provide students with a better foundation for more complicated topics discussed in later chapters
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Radical Abundance

How a Revolution in Nanotechnology Will Change Civilization

Author: K. Eric Drexler

Publisher: PublicAffairs

ISBN: 1610391144

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 7701

K. Eric Drexler is the founding father of nanotechnology—the science of engineering on a molecular level. In Radical Abundance, he shows how rapid scientific progress is about to change our world. Thanks to atomically precise manufacturing, we will soon have the power to produce radically more of what people want, and at a lower cost. The result will shake the very foundations of our economy and environment. Already, scientists have constructed prototypes for circuit boards built of millions of precisely arranged atoms. The advent of this kind of atomic precision promises to change the way we make things—cleanly, inexpensively, and on a global scale. It allows us to imagine a world where solar arrays cost no more than cardboard and aluminum foil, and laptops cost about the same. A provocative tour of cutting edge science and its implications by the field's founder and master, Radical Abundance offers a mind-expanding vision of a world hurtling toward an unexpected future.
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Perturbation Theories for the Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids and Solids

Author: J. R. Solana

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439807752

Category: Science

Page: 406

View: 6303

This book, Perturbation Theories for the Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids and Solids, provides a comprehensive review of current perturbation theories—as well as integral equation theories and density functional theories—for the equilibrium thermodynamic and structural properties of classical systems. Emphasizing practical applications, the text avoids complex theoretical derivations as much as possible. It begins with discussions of the nature of intermolecular forces and simple potential models. The book also presents a summary of statistical mechanics concepts and formulae. In addition, it reviews simulation techniques, providing background for the performance analyses of theories executed throughout the text using simulation data. Chapters describe integral equation theories, theoretical approaches for hard-sphere fluid or solid systems, and perturbation theories for simple fluids and solids for monocomponent and multicomponent systems. They also cover density functional theories for inhomogeneous systems and perturbative and nonperturbative approaches to describe the structure and thermodynamics of hard-body molecular fluids. The final chapter examines several more challenging systems, such as fluids near the critical point, liquid metals, molten salts, colloids, and aqueous protein solutions. This book offers a thorough account of the available equilibrium theories for the thermodynamic and structural properties of fluids and solids, with special focus on perturbation theories, emphasizing their applications, strengths, and weaknesses. Appropriate for experienced researchers as well as postgraduate students, the text presents a wide-ranging yet detailed view and provides a useful guide to the application of the theories described.
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Interface / Interphase in Polymer Nanocomposites

Author: Anil N. Netravali,K. L. Mittal

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119185130

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 4930

Significant research has been done in polymeric nanocomposites and progress has been made in understanding nanofiller-polymer interface and interphase and their relation to nanocomposite properties. However, the information is scattered in many different publication media. This is the first book that consolidates the current knowledge on understanding, characterization and tailoring interfacial interactions between nanofillers and polymers by bringing together leading researchers and experts in this field to present their cutting edge research. Eleven chapters authored by senior subject specialists cover topics including: Thermodynamic mechanisms governing nanofiller dispersion, engineering of interphase with nanofillers Role of interphase in governing the mechanical, electrical, thermal and other functional properties of nanocomposites, characterization and modelling of the interphase Effects of crystallization on the interface, chemical and physical techniques for surface modification of nanocellulose reinforcements Electro-micromechanical and nanoindentation techniques for interface evaluation, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to quantify filler-matrix adhesion and nanocomposite mechanical properties.
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Silver Nanoparticle Applications

In the Fabrication and Design of Medical and Biosensing Devices

Author: Emilio Alarcon,May Griffith,Klas I. Udekwu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319112627

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 146

View: 2119

Exploring the synthesis, characterization, surface manipulation, electron transfer and biological activity of silver nanoparticles, this book examines the fundamentals of the properties and synthesis of these particles. With a renewed interest in silver nanoparticles, this book addresses the need to understand their potential in industrial, medical and other applications. It is divided into six chapters, each written by an expert and providing a comprehensive review of the topic while detailing recent advances made in each specific area. These topics include surface plasmon band, synthesis and characterization, Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) and plasmon resonance mediated processes, photocatalysis, biomedical applications and biological activity. It also presents the current state of the art, challenges and future trends of catalysis, sensing and biomedical applications. ‘Silver Nanoparticle Applications’ provides an invaluable reference work and introduction for chemists, biologists, physicists and biomedical researchers who are interested in exploring the uses and applications of silver nanoparticles. It is also intended for students, researchers and professionals interested in nanotechnology.
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Nanomedicine

Design and Applications of Magnetic Nanomaterials, Nanosensors and Nanosystems

Author: Vijay K. Varadan,LinFeng Chen,Jining Xie

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470715628

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 484

View: 2551

Recent advances in nanomedicine offer ground-breaking methods for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of some fatal diseases. Amongst the most promising nanomaterials being developed are magnetic nanomaterials, including magnetic nanoparticles and magnetic nanosensors. Some nanomagnetic medical applications are already commercially available with more set to be released over the coming years. Nanomedicine, Design and Applications of Magnetic Nanomaterials, Nanosensors and Nanosystems presents a comprehensive overview of the biomedical applications of various types of functional magnetic materials. The book provides an introduction to magnetic nanomaterials before systematically discussing the individual materials, their physical and chemical principles, fabrication techniques and biomedical applications. This methodical approach allows this book to be used both as a textbook for beginners to the subject and as a convenient reference for professionals in the field. Discusses magnetic nanoparticles including nanowires, nanotubes, zero-dimensional nanosperes and naturally existing magnetosomes. Examines intrinsically smart magnetic materials and describes their part in the development of biomedical sensors and biochips, which are often used in biomedical tests. Integrates the research efforts of different disciplines – from materials sciences to biology and electrical engineering to medicine – in order to provide a unified and authoritative guide to a richly interdisciplinary field. This volume is of great appeal to students and researchers in the fields of electrical and electronic engineering, biomedical engineering, nanotechnology, materials science, physics, medicine and biology. It is also of interest to practising engineers, materials scientists, chemists and research medical doctors involved in the development of magnetic materials and structures for biomedical applications.
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