An Introduction to Interfaces & Colloids

The Bridge to Nanoscience

Author: John C. Berg

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814293075

Category: Science

Page: 785

View: 4141

Offers an introduction to the topics in interfacial phenomena, colloid science or nanoscience. Designed as a pedagogical tool, this book recognizes the cross-disciplinary nature of the subject. It features descriptions of experiments and contains figures and illustrations that enhance the understanding of concepts.
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An Introduction to Interfaces and Colloids

The Bridge to Nanoscience

Author: John C Berg

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813100982

Category: Science

Page: 804

View: 1323

The textbook seeks to bring readers with no prior knowledge or experience in interfacial phenomena, colloid science or nanoscience to the point where they can comfortably enter the current scientific and technical literature in the area. Designed as a pedagogical tool, this book recognizes the cross-disciplinary nature of the subject. To facilitate learning, the topics are developed from the beginning with ample cross-referencing. The understanding of concepts is enhanced by clear descriptions of experiments and provisions of figures and illustrations. The Solutions manual is available upon request for all instructors who adopt this book as a course text. Please send your request to [email protected] Errata(s) Errata
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An Introduction to Interfaces & Colloids

The Bridge to Nanoscience

Author: John C. Berg

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated

ISBN: 9789814299824

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 785

View: 7900

The textbook seeks to bring readers with no prior knowledge or experience in interfacial phenomena, colloid science or nanoscience to the point where they can comfortably enter the current scientific and technical literature in the area. Designed as a pedagogical tool, this book recognizes the cross-disciplinary nature of the subject. To facilitate learning, the topics are developed from the beginning with ample cross-referencing. The understanding of concepts is enhanced by clear descriptions of experiments and provisions of figures and illustrations.
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Colloidal Dispersions

Author: W. B. Russel,D. A. Saville,W. R. Schowalter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521426008

Category: Mathematics

Page: 525

View: 587

Imparts a sound, quantitative understanding of colloidal science, based on fundamental theory and experiments with well-characterised model systems.
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Nanostructured Superconductors

Author: Victor V Moshchalkov,Joachim Fritzsche

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814460567

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 3644

The main focus of the book is to present the effects of nanostructuring on superconducting critical parameters. Optimizing systematically flux and condensate confinement in various nanostructured superconductors, ranging from single nano-cells to their huge arrays, critical fields and currents can be increased up to their theoretical limits, thus drastically improving the potential for practical applications of nanostructured superconductors. Contents:IntroductionIndividual NanostructuresClusters of NanocellsLaterally Nanostructured SuperconductorsSuperconductor-Ferromagnet Hybrid Systems Readership: Graduate students and researchers in the field of superconductivity and nanomaterials. Keywords:Superconductivity;Vortex Matter;Nanostructures;Pinning;Critical Current;Critical Field;Superconductor/Ferromagnet Hybrids;Vortex Ratchet;Vortex DynamicsKey Features:Novel vortex phases are introduced, including multiquanta vortex lattices, vortex-antivortex patterns, composite vortex lattices, stabilized by arrays of nanoscale antidots and magnetic dotsDomain wall superconductivity and reverse domain superconductivity, discovered in S/F hybrids, are describedVortex control and manipulation, resulting in guided vortex motion, vortex ratchets are presented
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Polyoxometalate Chemistry

Some Recent Trends

Author: Francis Secheresse

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814458988

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 2475

The book highlights recent prominent results in the domain of the synthesis of new polyoxometalates with a specific attention to polyoxothioanions, and provides some novelties and perspectives in selected domains such as magnetism, luminescence and nanochemistry, and macroions self-assembly in solutions. The case of OC one-potOCO syntheses often used and reported in POMs synthesis is studied in terms of more complex solution speciation processes related to highly dynamical situation connected to factors such as pH, ionic strength, reaction time, temperature, counterion nature, concentration of starting materials, presence of electron donors and redox potentials. The behavior of macroions (2nm-6nm size range) in solution is shown to be quite different from the simple ionic solution or colloidal systems (DebyeOCoHuckel model). Their self-assembling into a single-layered, spherical, hollow vesicle structure, namely the OC blackberryOCO structure, is clearly described. Examples of spin clusters with tunable interactions are given and single molecule magnets based on POMs are specifically tackled. Besides paramagnetic transition metal centres and lanthanoid ions encapsulated in archetypal lacunary polyoxoanions, magnetically functionalized Kleperates are described, their discovery tracing back nearly 15 years.
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Scotland's Heritage

A Photographic Journey

Author: Richard Haight,Frances Ross,James B. Hannon,John Hannavy

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814322806

Category:

Page: 208

View: 1458

'... These volumes provide the very latest in this critical technology and are an invaluable resource for scientists in both academia and industry concerned with the semiconductor future and all of science.'Foreword by Leonard C Feldman (Director Institute for Advanced Materials, Devices and Nanotechnology, Rutgers University, USA)Highlights. As we delve more deeply into the physics and chemistry of functional materials and processes, we are inexorably driven to the nanoscale. And nowhere is the development of instrumentation and associated techniques more important to scientific progress than in the area of nanoscience. The dramatic expansion of efforts to peer into nanoscale materials and processes has made it critical to capture and summarize the cutting-edge instrumentation and techniques that have become indispensable for scientific investigation in this arena. This Handbook is a key resource developed for scientists, engineers and advanced graduate students in which eminent scientists present the forefront of instrumentation and techniques for the study of structural, optical and electronic properties of semiconductor nanostructures.
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Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanomaterials

Author: Dinesh C Agrawal

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9814397997

Category: Science

Page: 572

View: 9382

This textbook is aimed primarily at the senior undergraduate and first year graduate students from the various engineering and sciences departments including physics, chemistry, materials engineering, chemical engineering, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, bioengineering, and biology. Researchers in the areas of nanomaterials and nanoscience will also find the book useful for building the background necessary to understand the current literature and as a reference book. The text assumes only a basic level of competency in physics, chemistry and mathematics. Some of the background material and introductory matter are included in the first few chapters and as appendices. Although this material may be familiar to some of the students, it is the author's experience after teaching such a course for many years that this can not be taken for granted and moreover, serves as a ready reference to understand the text. As the area of nanoscience, nanotechnology and nanomaterials is a fast developing one, an approach which equips the students to comprehend the developing field rather than providing a large volume of information is essential. With this in view, while providing a broad perspective, the book emphasizes basics of nanoscience and nanoscale materials and goes into sufficient depth for the reader to be able to handle numerical problems. The treatment is kept at a level which is easily comprehensible to an undergraduate student. Solved examples are provided in each chapter to aid understanding and a set of problems is given at the end of each chapter.
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Nanostructured Titanium Dioxide Materials

Properties, Preparation and Applications

Author: Alireza Khataee

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814374733

Category: Electronic books

Page: 205

View: 6616

During the past decade, research and development in the area of synthesis and applications of different nanostructured titanium dioxide have become tremendous. This book briefly describes properties, production, modification and applications of nanostructured titanium dioxide focusing in particular on photocatalytic activity. The physicochemical properties of nanostructured titanium dioxide are highlighted and the links between properties and applications are emphasized. The preparation of TiO2 nanomaterials, including nanoparticles, nanorods, nanowires, nanosheets, nanofibers, and nanotubes are primarily categorized by their preparation method (sol-gel and hydrothermal processes). Examples of early applications of nanostructured titanium dioxide in dye-sensitized solar cells, hydrogen production and storage, sensors, rechargeable batteries, electrocatalysis, self-cleaning and antibacterial surfaces and photocatalytic cancer treatment are reviewed. The review of modifications of TiO2 nanomaterials is mainly focused on the research related to the modifications of the optical properties of TiO2 nanomaterials, since many applications of TiO2 nanomaterials are closely related to their optical properties. Photocatalytic removal of various pollutants using pure TiO2 nanomaterials, TiO2-based nanoclays and non-metal doped nanostructured TiO2 are also discussed.
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Introduction to Radar Analysis, Second Edition

Author: Bassem R. Mahafza

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498761089

Category: Computers

Page: 444

View: 7370

The 2nd Edition of this popular textbook is a major revision. It is written within the context of communication theory as well as the theory of signals and noise. Part I bridges the gap between communication theory, signals and noise and radar system analysis. Part II is on radar subsystems and associated topics and includes most common radar signal processing techniques, the theory of radar detection, coherent and non-coherent integration, and radar clutter analysis. Part III of this Edition will analyze special topics in radar systems. Many new exercises are included and the author provides comprehensive easy to follow mathematical derivations of all key equations and formulas.
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Introduction to Nanoscience

Author: Stuart Lindsay

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199544212

Category: Science

Page: 457

View: 4487

Accompanying disc contains Powerpoint slides, animations and texts in various formats.
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Electron Flow in Organic Chemistry

A Decision-Based Guide to Organic Mechanisms

Author: Paul H. Scudder

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118355024

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 3063

Sets forth the analytical tools needed to solve key problems in organic chemistry With its acclaimed decision-based approach, Electron Flow in Organic Chemistry enables readers to develop the essential critical thinking skills needed to analyze and solve problems in organic chemistry, from the simple to complex. The author breaks down common mechanistic organic processes into their basic units to explain the core electron flow pathways that underlie these processes. Moreover, the text stresses the use of analytical tools such as flow charts, correlation matrices, and energy surfaces to enable readers new to organic chemistry to grasp the fundamentals at a much deeper level. This Second Edition of Electron Flow in Organic Chemistry has been thoroughly revised, reorganized, and streamlined in response to feedback from both students and instructors. Readers will find more flowcharts, correlation matrices, and algorithms that illustrate key decision-making processes step by step. There are new examples from the field of biochemistry, making the text more relevant to a broader range of readers in chemistry, biology, and medicine. This edition also offers three new chapters: Proton transfer and the principles of stability Important reaction archetypes Qualitative molecular orbital theory and pericyclic reactions The text's appendix features a variety of helpful tools, including a general bibliography, quick-reference charts and tables, pathway summaries, and a major decisions guide. With its emphasis on logical processes rather than memorization to solve mechanistic problems, this text gives readers a solid foundation to approach and solve any problem in organic chemistry.
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Static and Dynamic Problems of Nanobeams and Nanoplates

Author: Snehashish Chakraverty,Laxmi Behera

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813143932

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 212

View: 1302

This book will deal with different sections associated with bending, buckling and vibration of nanobeams and nanoplates along with systematic description of handling the complexities when nanoscales are considered. The introduction includes basic ideas concerned with nanostructures, the algorithms and iterations followed in numerical methods and introduction to beam and plate theories in conjunction with nonlocal elasticity theory applied in nanostructures. Next, the investigation of nanobeams and nanoplates subjected to different sets of boundary conditions based on various nonlocal theories will be included. The varieties of physical and geometrical parameters that influence the bending, buckling and vibration mechanisms will be summarized. Finally, effect of environments such as thermal environment, Winkler–Pasternak elastic foundations and non-uniformity etc. on the buckling and vibration mechanisms will be illustrated. Contents:IntroductionAnalytical MethodsNumerical MethodsBending of NanobeamsBuckling of NanobeamsVibration of NanobeamsVibration of Nanobeams with Complicating EffectsBending and Buckling of NanoplatesVibration of NanoplatesVibration of Nanoplates with Complicating Effects Readership: Advanced undergraduate, professionals and researchers in materials science, nanomaterials, applied mathematics, low-dimensional systems and nanostructures, vibration, computational physics, basic physics, civil engineering, mechanical engineering and aerospace engineering etc.
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Bio-Nanoparticles

Biosynthesis and Sustainable Biotechnological Implications

Author: Om V. Singh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118677684

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 9969

Nanoparticles are considered to be the building blocks for nanotechnology and are referred to as the particles having more than one dimension of the order of 100 nm or less.The nanostructured materials are being offered as better built, long lasting, cleaner, safer, and smarter products for use in communications, medicine, transportation, agriculture and other industries. Topics in molecular recognition, biomolecule-nanocrystal conjugates as fluorescence label for biological cells, and DNA-mediated groupings of nanocrystals are widespread, intriguing researchers from both biological and engineering fields. The diversity of nanotechnology covers fields from biology to material science, physics to chemistry, and other fields with variety of specialties. Controlled size, shape, composition, crystallinity, and structure-dependent properties of nanoparticles govern the unique properties of nanotechnology. The controlled biosynthesis of nanoparticles is of high scientific and technological interest as the microorganisms grab target ions from their environment and then turn the metal ions into the element metal through enzymatic mechanism generated through their cellular (Intra/ Extra) activities. The project aims to introduce the basics and advancements made so far in the field of biosynthesis of nanoparticles for graduate students and researchers around the world. The main aims are to (a) introduce the reader to the variety of microorganisms and their ability to synthesize the nanoparticles, (b) provide an overview of the methodologies applied to biosynthesize the variety of nanoparticles of medical and commercial uses, (c) provide a literature review on diversity of microorganisms able to synthesize nanoparticles of different types, (d) to discuss the regulatory mechanisms in microorganism able to synthesize variety of nanoparticles, (e) discuss experimental design problems associated with the controlled biosynthesis of nanoparticles, (f) discuss the stability and toxicity of nanoparticles in varying environment towards their therapeutic implications. The regulations, challenges and implications of biosynthesized nanoparticles for commercial significance will also represent among the main sections of the book. These aims will be organized by invited research/ review articles from renowned researchers exploring biosynthesis of variety of nanoparticles, and differ in length and number of chapters, with the literature review section containing the bulk of the text.
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Quantum States and Scattering in Semiconductor Nanostructures

Author: Camille Ndebeka-Bandou,Francesca Carosella,Gérald Bastard

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1786343045

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 2676

This book is an introduction to quantum states and of their scattering in semiconductor nanostructures. Written with exercises and detailed solutions, it is designed to enable readers to start modelling actual electron states and scattering in nanostructures. It first looks at practical aspects of quantum states and emphasises the variational and perturbation approaches. Following this there is analysis of quasi two-dimensional materials, including discussion of the eigenstates of nanostructures, scattering mechanisms and their numerical results. Focussing on practical applications, this book moves away from standard discourse on theory and provides students of physics, nanotechnology and materials science with the opportunity to fully understand the electronic properties of nanostructures. Contents:Practical Quantum Mechanics:Schrödinger EquationBound and Extended StatesApproximate MethodsLandau Quantisation of Electron Motion in Ideal Semiconductor Bulks and HeterostructuresThe Physics of Heterostructures:Background on HeterostructuresElectrons States in NanostructuresBeyond the Ideal WorldScreening at the Semi-Classical ApproximationResults for Static ScatterersResults for Electron-Phonon InteractionBeyond the Born ApproximationExercises Readership: Students of physics, nanoscience and materials science, professionals working with nanomaterials, and researchers.
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Capillarity and Wetting Phenomena

Drops, Bubbles, Pearls, Waves

Author: Pierre-Gilles de Gennes,Francoise Brochard-Wyart,David Quere

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387216561

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 2730

The study of capillarity is in the midst of a veritable explosion. What is offered here is not a comprehensive review of the latest research but rather a compendium of principles designed for the undergraduate student and for readers interested in the physics underlying these phenomena.
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Nanostructures and Nanomaterials

Synthesis, Properties, and Applications

Author: Guozhong Cao,Ying Wang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814324558

Category: Science

Page: 581

View: 3829

This text focuses on the synthesis, properties and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials, particularly inorganic nanomaterials. It provides coverage of the fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, properties, characterization and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials.
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Introduction to Cell Biology

Author: John K Young

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813100869

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 3233

This book is intended to be an accessible introduction to the cell biology of mammalian cells for junior or senior undergraduate students who have already had an introduction to biological sciences. This engaging and stimulating text focuses on current controversies in cell biology. To solve these puzzles, the reader will learn how to answer a number of fundamental yet hard-hitting questions in the field. He or she is thus able to approach the subject with the right scientific attitude and build a firm foundation of understanding. Basic features of mammalian cells — secretion, division, motility, cell-cell interactions — are described using up-to-date references to the most current scientific literature. The text is well illustrated with clearly understandable diagrams and numerous micrographs of cells. This text will enable non-specialists to acquire a better understanding of current issues in mammalian cell biology.
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Introduction to Applied Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Author: Georgios M. Kontogeorgis,Soren Kiil

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118881214

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 8466

Colloid and Surface Chemistry is a subject of immense importance and implications both to our everyday life and numerous industrial sectors, ranging from coatings and materials to medicine and biotechnology. How do detergents really clean? (Why can’t we just use water ?) Why is milk “milky” Why do we use eggs so often for making sauces ? Can we deliver drugs in better and controlled ways? Coating industries wish to manufacture improved coatings e.g. for providing corrosion resistance, which are also environmentally friendly i.e. less based on organic solvents and if possible exclusively on water. Food companies want to develop healthy, tasty but also long-lasting food products which appeal to the environmental authorities and the consumer. Detergent and enzyme companies are working to develop improved formulations which clean more persistent stains, at lower temperatures and amounts, to the benefit of both the environment and our pocket. Cosmetics is also big business! Creams, lotions and other personal care products are really just complex emulsions. All of the above can be explained by the principles and methods of colloid and surface chemistry. A course on this topic is truly valuable to chemists, chemical engineers, biologists, material and food scientists and many more.
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