An Introduction to Applied Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Stanley I. Sandler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470913479

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 6191

!--[if gte mso 9] Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 ![endif]--!--[if gte mso 9] ![endif]-- !-- /* Font Definitions */ @font-face {font-family:"Cambria Math"; panose-1:2 4 5 3 5 4 6 3 2 4; mso-font-charset:0; mso-generic-font-family:roman; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-1610611985 1107304683 0 0 159 0;} @font-face {font-family:Calibri; panose-1:2 15 5 2 2 2 4 3 2 4; mso-font-charset:0; mso-generic-font-family:swiss; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-1610611985 1073750139 0 0 159 0;} /* Style Definitions */ p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {mso-style-unhide:no; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; margin-top:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-bottom:10.0pt; margin-left:0in; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";} .MsoChpDefault {mso-style-type:export-only; mso-default-props:yes; font-size:10.0pt; mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri;} @page WordSection1 {size:8.5in 11.0in; margin:1.0in 1.0in 1.0in 1.0in; mso-header-margin:.5in; mso-footer-margin:.5in; mso-paper-source:0;} div.WordSection1 {page:WordSection1;} -- !--[if gte mso 10] ![endif]--One of the goals of An Introduction to Applied Statistical Thermodynamics is to introduce readers to the fundamental ideas and engineering uses of statistical thermodynamics, and the equilibrium part of the statistical mechanics. This text emphasizes on nano and bio technologies, molecular level descriptions and understandings offered by statistical mechanics. This book provides an introduction to the simplest forms of Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulation (albeit only for simple spherical molecules) and user-friendly MATLAB programs for doing such simulations, and also some other calculations. The purpose of this book is to provide a readable introduction to statistical thermodynamics, show its utility and the way the results obtained lead to useful generalizations for practical application. The book also illustrates the difficulties that arise in the statistical thermodynamics of dense fluids as seen in the discussion of liquids.
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An Introduction to Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics

Author: Keith Stowe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139462857

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5353

This introductory textbook for standard undergraduate courses in thermodynamics has been completely rewritten to explore a greater number of topics, more clearly and concisely. Starting with an overview of important quantum behaviours, the book teaches students how to calculate probabilities in order to provide a firm foundation for later chapters. It introduces the ideas of classical thermodynamics and explores them both in general and as they are applied to specific processes and interactions. The remainder of the book deals with statistical mechanics. Each topic ends with a boxed summary of ideas and results, and every chapter contains numerous homework problems, covering a broad range of difficulties. Answers are given to odd-numbered problems, and solutions to even-numbered problems are available to instructors at www.cambridge.org/9781107694927.
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Grundlagen der Strömungsmechanik

Eine Einführung in die Theorie der Strömung von Fluiden

Author: Franz Durst

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540313249

Category: Science

Page: 758

View: 698

Dieses Lehrbuch stützt sich auf mathematische und physikalische Grundkenntnisse von Studenten mittlerer Semester. Es erläutert den Zusammenhang moderner Strömungsmechanik zur technischen Mechanik und bezieht moderne Mess- und numerische Berechnungsverfahren ein. Jedes Kapitel enthält den Stoff einer einwöchigen Vorlesung, der so aufgebaut ist, dass er Studenten an die jeweilige Spezialliteratur heranführt.
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Statistical Mechanics

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521009669

Category: Science

Page: 170

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This is a 2002 introduction to statistical mechanics, intended for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students.
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Statistical Physics and Thermodynamics

An Introduction to Key Concepts

Author: Jochen Rau

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192529501

Category: Science

Page: 208

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Statistical physics and thermodynamics describe the behaviour of systems on the macroscopic scale. Their methods are applicable to a wide range of phenomena: from refrigerators to the interior of stars, from chemical reactions to magnetism. Indeed, of all physical laws, the laws of thermodynamics are perhaps the most universal. This text provides a concise yet thorough introduction to the key concepts which underlie statistical physics and thermodynamics. It begins with a review of classical probability theory and quantum theory, as well as a careful discussion of the notions of information and entropy, prior to embarking on the development of statistical physics proper. The crucial steps leading from the microscopic to the macroscopic domain are rendered transparent. In particular, the laws of thermodynamics are shown to emerge as natural consequences of the statistical framework. While the emphasis is on clarifying the basic concepts, the text also contains many applications and classroom-tested exercises, covering all major topics of a standard course on statistical physics and thermodynamics.
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Thermodynamik und statistische Mechanik

ein Lehr- und Übungsbuch ; mit Beispielen und Aufgaben mit ausführlichen Lösungen

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Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783808557082

Category:

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An Introduction to Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Terrell L. Hill

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486130908

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 2070

Four-part treatment covers principles of quantum statistical mechanics, systems composed of independent molecules or other independent subsystems, and systems of interacting molecules, concluding with a consideration of quantum statistics.
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Fundamentals of Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Bimalendu N. Roy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470843130

Category: Science

Page: 743

View: 1562

"Fundamentals of Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics" provides a comprehensive introduction to this pivotal subject. Starting from basics, the book begins with a thorough introduction to the field, providing concise definitions and an overview of thermodynamics and its applications. The book discusses the fundamentals of classical equilibrium thermodynamics, thermal physics, kinetic theory and statistical mechanics. This comprehensive coverage enables the reader to understand not only the interrelationships between these subjects but also encourages an ability to interpret the thermodynamic quantities and laws in terms of statistical mechanics. Beginning with a detailed discussion of the four laws of thermodynamics the text introduces more advanced topics in later chapters, such as applications of the first and second laws, free energy and chemical equilibria, and equilibrium statististical mechanics and applications. Uniquely, this text includes a large number of worked examples throughout, with a range of problems at the end of each chapter and their solutions all at the end of the book. The most fundamental concepts of the subject are emphasised throughout and new derivations of many of the standard formulae have been developed to avoid excessive mathematical rigour. "Fundamentals of Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics: " Provides a comprehensive introduction to the field, covering both classical and statistical thermodynamics. Includes numerous worked examples and end of chapter problems with answers provided at the back of the book. Covers the essentials of the subject combined with cutting-edge material such as non-linear chemical physics, critical phenomena and transport theory. Ensures the necessary mathematics are limited to simple derivatives and integrals. Suitable for all undergraduate students of physics, chemistry, materials science and engineering. Will also be an ideal reference book for those working within science and engineering.
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Thermophysical Properties of Fluids

An Introduction to Their Prediction

Author: Marc J Assael,J P Martin Trusler,Thomas F Tsolakis

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1783262710

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 4873

This book is concerned with the prediction of thermodynamic and transport properties of gases and liquids. The prediction of such properties is essential for the solution of many problems encountered in chemical and process engineering as well as in other areas of science and technology. The book aims to present the best of those modern methods which are capable of practical application. It begins with basic scientific principles and formal results which are subsequently developed into practical methods of prediction. Numerous examples, supported by a suite of computer programmes, illustrate applications of the methods. The book is aimed primarily at the student market (for both undergraduate and taught postgraduate courses) but it will also be useful for those engaged in research and for chemical and process engineering professionals. Contents:FundamentalsThe Perfect GasThe Intermolecular PotentialThe Virial EquationCorresponding StatesEquations of StateActivity Coefficient ModelsPhase-Equilibrium CalculationsTransport Properties: TheoryTransport Properties: CalculationAppendices: Tables of Property ValuesSupplementary Information Readership: Graduate and undergraduate students in chemical engineering and chemical engineering professionals. Keywords:Thermophysics;Thermodynamics;Transport Properties;Phase Equilibria;Equation of State;Statistical Mechanics;Kinetic Theory;Viscosity;Thermal Conductivity;Intermolecular ForcesReviews:“I recommend this book to chemistry and geochemistry students, and scientists in general, because it is one of the few textbooks available on the subject. The style is clear and concise and the text is well organised, with main references given at the end of each chapter.”Chemistry in Britain
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Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria

Author: John M. Prausnitz,Rudiger N. Lichtenthaler,Edmundo Gomes de Azevedo

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 0132440504

Category: Science

Page: 864

View: 8496

The classic guide to mixtures, completely updated with new models, theories, examples, and data. Efficient separation operations and many other chemical processes depend upon a thorough understanding of the properties of gaseous and liquid mixtures. Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria, Third Edition is a systematic, practical guide to interpreting, correlating, and predicting thermodynamic properties used in mixture-related phase-equilibrium calculations. Completely updated, this edition reflects the growing maturity of techniques grounded in applied statistical thermodynamics and molecular simulation, while relying on classical thermodynamics, molecular physics, and physical chemistry wherever these fields offer superior solutions. Detailed new coverage includes: Techniques for improving separation processes and making them more environmentally friendly. Theoretical concepts enabling the description and interpretation of solution properties. New models, notably the lattice-fluid and statistical associated-fluid theories. Polymer solutions, including gas-polymer equilibria, polymer blends, membranes, and gels. Electrolyte solutions, including semi-empirical models for solutions containing salts or volatile electrolytes. Coverage also includes: fundamentals of classical thermodynamics of phase equilibria; thermodynamic properties from volumetric data; intermolecular forces; fugacities in gas and liquid mixtures; solubilities of gases and solids in liquids; high-pressure phase equilibria; virial coefficients for quantum gases; and much more. Throughout, Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria strikes a perfect balance between empirical techniques and theory, and is replete with useful examples and experimental data. More than ever, it is the essential resource for engineers, chemists, and other professionals working with mixtures and related processes.
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Einführung in die moderne Kosmologie

Author: Andrew Liddle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527670920

Category: Science

Page: 217

View: 3464

Dank sich stets verbessernder boden- und weltraumgestützter Teleskope stehen der Kosmologie inzwischen Daten zur Verfügung, die Rückschlüsse auf immer frühere Phasen des Universums und Vergleiche mit Modellvorstellungen erlauben. Daher gewinnt die Kosmologie in den Astronomiekursen der Universitäten beständig an Wichtigkeit. Die "Einführung in die Moderne Kosmologie" ist eine anschauliche und leicht verständliche Darstellung moderner kosmologischer Konzepte, die neben zahlreichen Beispielen und Übungsaufgaben auch Hinweise und Endergebnisse enthält, sodass das Erlernte sofort ausprobiert und kontrolliert werden kann. Das Buch ist klar eingeteilt und behandelt in sechs separaten Kapiteln Themen für Fortgeschrittene, darunter relativistische Kosmologie und Neutrino-Kosmologie. Die vorliegende Übersetzung der zweiten Auflage wurde wesentlich ergänzt und erweitert und umfasst neueste Beobachtungsergebnisse sowie zusätzliches Material zur empirischen Kosmologie und Strukturbildung.
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Statistical Physics

An Introduction

Author: Daijiro Yoshioka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540286063

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 1932

This book provides a comprehensive presentation of the basics of statistical physics. The first part explains the essence of statistical physics and how it provides a bridge between microscopic and macroscopic phenomena, allowing one to derive quantities such as entropy. Here the author avoids going into details such as Liouville’s theorem or the ergodic theorem, which are difficult for beginners and unnecessary for the actual application of the statistical mechanics. In the second part, statistical mechanics is applied to various systems which, although they look different, share the same mathematical structure. In this way readers can deepen their understanding of statistical physics. The book also features applications to quantum dynamics, thermodynamics, the Ising model and the statistical dynamics of free spins.
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Fundamentals of Classical Statistical Thermodynamics

Dissipation, Relaxation, and Fluctuation Theorems

Author: Denis James Evans,Debra Joy Searles,Stephen Rodney Williams

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527410732

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 2276

Both a comprehensive overview and a treatment at the appropriate level of detail, this textbook explains thermodynamics and generalizes the subject so it can be applied to small nano- or biosystems, arbitrarily far from or close to equilibrium. In addition, nonequilibrium free energy theorems are covered with a rigorous exposition of each one. Throughout, the authors stress the physical concepts along with the mathematical derivations. For researchers and students in physics, chemistry, materials science and molecular biology, this is a useful text for postgraduate courses in statistical mechanics, thermodynamics and molecular simulations, while equally serving as a reference for university teachers and researchers in these fields.
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Introduction to Statistical Physics

Author: Kerson Huang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748409419

Category: Mathematics

Page: 289

View: 8223

Statistical physics is a core component of most undergraduate (and some post-graduate) physics degree courses. It is primarily concerned with the behavior of matter in bulk-from boiling water to the superconductivity of metals. Ultimately, it seeks to uncover the laws governing random processes, such as the snow on your TV screen. This essential new textbook guides the reader quickly and critically through a statistical view of the physical world, including a wide range of physical applications to illustrate the methodology. It moves from basic examples to more advanced topics, such as broken symmetry and the Bose-Einstein equation. To accompany the text, the author, a renowned expert in the field, has written a Solutions Manual/Instructor's Guide, available free of charge to lecturers who adopt this book for their courses. Introduction to Statistical Physics will appeal to students and researchers in physics, applied mathematics and statistics.
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Einführung in Statistik und Messwertanalyse für Physiker

Monographie

Author: G. Bohm,G. Zech

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783540257592

Category:

Page: 400

View: 6718

Die Einf]hrung in die Statistik und Messwertanalyse f]r Physiker richtet sich weniger an mathematischen \berlegungen aus, sondern stellt die praktische Anwendung in den Vordergrund und schdrft die Intuition experimentelle Ergebnisse richtig einzuschdtzen. Zahlreiche ausf]hrlich betrachtete Beispiele dienen dazu, hdufig bei der Datenanalyse gemachte Fehler zu vermeiden (unsinnige Anwendung des Chi-Quadrattests, Funktionenanpassung bei falscher Parametrisierung, Entfaltung mit willk]rlicher Regularisierung). Ein besonderes Augenmerk wird auf den Vergleich von Daten mit Monte-Carlo-Simulationen gelenkt. Moderne Experimente kommen nicht ohne Simulation aus. Deshalb ist es wichtig zu wissen, wie Parameteranpassungen und Entfaltungen in diesem Fall durchgef]rt werden. Au_erdem werden den Studierenden moderne Entwicklungen der Statistik nahegebracht, die in dlteren Lehrb]chern nicht behandelt werden.
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Theoretische Konzepte der Physik

Eine alternative Betrachtung

Author: Malcolm S. Longair

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642761119

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 4439

"Dies ist kein Lehrbuch der theoretischen Physik, auch kein Kompendium der Physikgeschichte ... , vielmehr eine recht anspruchsvolle Sammlung historischer Miniaturen zur Vergangenheit der theoretischen Physik - ihrer "Sternstunden", wenn man so will. Frei vom Zwang, etwas Erschöpfendes vorlegen zu müssen, gelingt dem Autor etwas Seltenes: einen "lebendigen" Zugang zum Ideengebäude der modernen Physik freizulegen, ... zu zeigen, wie Physik in praxi entsteht... Als Vehikel seiner Absichten dienen dem Autor geschichtliche Fallstudien, insgesamt sieben an der Zahl. Aus ihnen extrahiert er das seiner Meinung nach Lehrhafte, dabei bestrebt, mathematische Anachronismen womöglich zu vermeiden... Als Student hätte ich mir diese gescheiten Essays zum Werden unserer heutigen physikalischen Weltsicht gewünscht. Sie sind originell, didaktisch klug und genieren sich auch nicht, von der Faszination zu sprechen, die ... von der Physik ausgeht. Unnötig darauf hinzuweisen, das sie ein gründliches "konventionelles" Studium weder ersetzen wollen noch können, sie vermögen aber, dazu zu ermuntern." #Astronomische Nachrichten (zur englischen Ausgabe)#1
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Statistical Physics of Biomolecules

An Introduction

Author: Daniel M. Zuckerman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420073796

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 3617

From the hydrophobic effect to protein-ligand binding, statistical physics is relevant in almost all areas of molecular biophysics and biochemistry, making it essential for modern students of molecular behavior. But traditional presentations of this material are often difficult to penetrate. Statistical Physics of Biomolecules: An Introduction brings "down to earth" some of the most intimidating but important theories of molecular biophysics. With an accessible writing style, the book unifies statistical, dynamic, and thermodynamic descriptions of molecular behavior using probability ideas as a common basis. Numerous examples illustrate how the twin perspectives of dynamics and equilibrium deepen our understanding of essential ideas such as entropy, free energy, and the meaning of rate constants. The author builds on the general principles with specific discussions of water, binding phenomena, and protein conformational changes/folding. The same probabilistic framework used in the introductory chapters is also applied to non-equilibrium phenomena and to computations in later chapters. The book emphasizes basic concepts rather than cataloguing a broad range of phenomena. Focuses on what students need to know now Students build a foundational understanding by initially focusing on probability theory, low-dimensional models, and the simplest molecular systems. The basics are then directly developed for biophysical phenomena, such as water behavior, protein binding, and conformational changes. The book’s accessible development of equilibrium and dynamical statistical physics makes this a valuable text for students with limited physics and chemistry backgrounds.
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Applied Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Klaus Lucas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662016486

Category: Science

Page: 514

View: 4846

The book guides the reader from the foundations of statisti- cal thermodynamics including the theory of intermolecular forces to modern computer-aided applications in chemical en- gineering and physical chemistry. The approach is new. The foundations of quantum and statistical mechanics are presen- ted in a simple way and their applications to the prediction of fluid phase behavior of real systems are demonstrated. A particular effort is made to introduce the reader to expli- cit formulations of intermolecular interaction models and to show how these models influence the properties of fluid sy- stems. The established methods of statistical mechanics - computer simulation, perturbation theory, and numerical in- tegration - are discussed in a style appropriate for newcom- ers and are extensively applied. Numerous worked examples illustrate how practical calculations should be carried out.
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