An Introduction to Applied Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Stanley I. Sandler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470913479

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 4433

!--[if gte mso 9] Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 ![endif]--!--[if gte mso 9] ![endif]-- !-- /* Font Definitions */ @font-face {font-family:"Cambria Math"; panose-1:2 4 5 3 5 4 6 3 2 4; mso-font-charset:0; mso-generic-font-family:roman; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-1610611985 1107304683 0 0 159 0;} @font-face {font-family:Calibri; panose-1:2 15 5 2 2 2 4 3 2 4; mso-font-charset:0; mso-generic-font-family:swiss; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-1610611985 1073750139 0 0 159 0;} /* Style Definitions */ p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {mso-style-unhide:no; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; margin-top:0in; margin-right:0in; margin-bottom:10.0pt; margin-left:0in; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";} .MsoChpDefault {mso-style-type:export-only; mso-default-props:yes; font-size:10.0pt; mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri;} @page WordSection1 {size:8.5in 11.0in; margin:1.0in 1.0in 1.0in 1.0in; mso-header-margin:.5in; mso-footer-margin:.5in; mso-paper-source:0;} div.WordSection1 {page:WordSection1;} -- !--[if gte mso 10] ![endif]--One of the goals of An Introduction to Applied Statistical Thermodynamics is to introduce readers to the fundamental ideas and engineering uses of statistical thermodynamics, and the equilibrium part of the statistical mechanics. This text emphasizes on nano and bio technologies, molecular level descriptions and understandings offered by statistical mechanics. This book provides an introduction to the simplest forms of Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulation (albeit only for simple spherical molecules) and user-friendly MATLAB programs for doing such simulations, and also some other calculations. The purpose of this book is to provide a readable introduction to statistical thermodynamics, show its utility and the way the results obtained lead to useful generalizations for practical application. The book also illustrates the difficulties that arise in the statistical thermodynamics of dense fluids as seen in the discussion of liquids.
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An Introduction to Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics

Author: Keith Stowe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139462857

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2259

This introductory textbook for standard undergraduate courses in thermodynamics has been completely rewritten to explore a greater number of topics, more clearly and concisely. Starting with an overview of important quantum behaviours, the book teaches students how to calculate probabilities in order to provide a firm foundation for later chapters. It introduces the ideas of classical thermodynamics and explores them both in general and as they are applied to specific processes and interactions. The remainder of the book deals with statistical mechanics. Each topic ends with a boxed summary of ideas and results, and every chapter contains numerous homework problems, covering a broad range of difficulties. Answers are given to odd-numbered problems, and solutions to even-numbered problems are available to instructors at www.cambridge.org/9781107694927.
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An Introduction to Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Terrell L. Hill

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486130908

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 7999

Four-part treatment covers principles of quantum statistical mechanics, systems composed of independent molecules or other independent subsystems, and systems of interacting molecules, concluding with a consideration of quantum statistics.
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Statistical Physics and Thermodynamics

An Introduction to Key Concepts

Author: Jochen Rau

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199595062

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 599

Statistical physics and thermodynamics describe the behaviour of systems on the macroscopic scale. Their methods are applicable to a wide range of phenomena: from heat engines to chemical reactions, from the interior of stars to the melting of ice. Indeed, the laws of thermodynamics are among the most universal ones of all laws of physics. Yet this subject can prove difficult to grasp. Many view thermodynamics as merely a collection of ad hoc recipes, or are confused by unfamiliar novel concepts, such as the entropy, which have little in common with the deterministic theories to which students have got accustomed in other areas of physics. This text provides a concise yet thorough introduction to the key concepts which underlie statistical physics and thermodynamics. It begins with a review of classical probability theory and quantum theory, as well as a careful discussion of the notions of information and entropy, prior to embarking on the development of statistical physics proper. The crucial steps leading from the microscopic to the macroscopic domain are rendered transparent. In particular, the laws of thermodynamics are shown to emerge as natural consequences of the statistical framework. While the emphasis is on clarifying the basic concepts, the text also contains a wealth of applications and classroom-tested exercises, covering all major topics of a standard course on statistical physics and thermodynamics.
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Introduction to Modern Statistical Mechanics

Author: David Chandler

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195042771

Category: Philosophy

Page: 274

View: 4185

"[This] book contains concise explanations of such fundamentals as the connection between measurements and ensemble averages, discussions of equilibrium fluctuations and stability criteria, and the utility of Legendre transforms. It also explores many of the traditional elementary applications of statistical mechanics. Most importantly, it treats the principles and basic methods of time correlation functions (including the fluctuation-dissipation theorem and the Langevin equation), renormalization group theory, Monte Carlo simulations, and liquid structure."--Back cover.
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Applied Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Klaus Lucas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662016486

Category: Science

Page: 514

View: 6145

The book guides the reader from the foundations of statisti- cal thermodynamics including the theory of intermolecular forces to modern computer-aided applications in chemical en- gineering and physical chemistry. The approach is new. The foundations of quantum and statistical mechanics are presen- ted in a simple way and their applications to the prediction of fluid phase behavior of real systems are demonstrated. A particular effort is made to introduce the reader to expli- cit formulations of intermolecular interaction models and to show how these models influence the properties of fluid sy- stems. The established methods of statistical mechanics - computer simulation, perturbation theory, and numerical in- tegration - are discussed in a style appropriate for newcom- ers and are extensively applied. Numerous worked examples illustrate how practical calculations should be carried out.
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Fundamentals of Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Bimalendu N. Roy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470843161

Category: Science

Page: 743

View: 7259

Fundamentals of Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics provides a comprehensive introduction to this pivotal subject. Starting from basics, the book begins with a thorough introduction to the field, providing concise definitions and an overview of thermodynamics and its applications. The book discusses the fundamentals of classical equilibrium thermodynamics, thermal physics, kinetic theory and statistical mechanics. This comprehensive coverage enables the reader to understand not only the interrelationships between these subjects but also encourages an ability to interpret the thermodynamic quantities and laws in terms of statistical mechanics. Beginning with a detailed discussion of the four laws of thermodynamics the text introduces more advanced topics in later chapters, such as applications of the first and second laws, free energy and chemical equilibria, and equilibrium statististical mechanics and applications. Uniquely, this text includes a large number of worked examples throughout, with a range of problems at the end of each chapter and their solutions all at the end of the book. The most fundamental concepts of the subject are emphasised throughout and new derivations of many of the standard formulae have been developed to avoid excessive mathematical rigour. Fundamentals of Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics: * Provides a comprehensive introduction to the field, covering both classical and statistical thermodynamics. * Includes numerous worked examples and end of chapter problems with answers provided at the back of the book. * Covers the essentials of the subject combined with cutting-edge material such as non-linear chemical physics, critical phenomena and transport theory. * Ensures the necessary mathematics are limited to simple derivatives and integrals. Suitable for all undergraduate students of physics, chemistry, materials science and engineering. Will also be an ideal reference book for those working within science and engineering.
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An Introduction to Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Robert P H Gasser,W Graham Richards

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813103132

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 5137

Statistical thermodynamics plays a vital linking role between quantum theory and chemical thermodynamics, yet students often find the subject unpalatable. In this updated version of a popular text, the authors overcome this by emphasising the concepts involved, in particular demystifying the partition function. They do not get bogged down in the mathematical niceties that are essential for a profound study of the subject but which can confuse the beginner. Strong emphasis is placed on the physical basis of statistical thermodynamics and the relations with experiment. After a clear exposition of the distribution laws, partition functions, heat capacities, chemical equilibria and kinetics, the subject is further illuminated by a discussion of low-temperature phenomena and spectroscopy. The coverage is brought right up to date with a chapter on computer simulation and a final section which ranges beyond the narrow limits usually associated with student texts to emphasise the common dependence of macroscopic behaviour on the properties of constituent atoms and molecules. Since first published in 1974 as ‘Entropy and Energy Levels’, the book has been very popular with students. This revised and updated version will no doubt serve the same needs.
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Molecular Driving Forces

Statistical Thermodynamics in Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Nanoscience

Author: Ken Dill,Sarina Bromberg

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 1136672990

Category: Science

Page: 720

View: 1711

The VitalBook e-book version of Molecular Driving Forces is only available in the US and Canada at the present time. To purchase or rent please visit http://store.vitalsource.com. Molecular Driving Forces, Second Edition is an introductory statistical thermodynamics text that describes the principles and forces that drive chemical and biological processes. It demonstrates how the complex behaviors of molecules can result from a few simple physical processes, and how simple models provide surprisingly accurate insights into the workings of the molecular world. Widely adopted in its First Edition, Molecular Driving Forces is regarded by teachers and students as an accessible textbook that illuminates underlying principles and concepts. The Second Edition includes two brand new chapters: (1) "Microscopic Dynamics" introduces single molecule experiments; and (2) "Molecular Machines" considers how nanoscale machines and engines work. "The Logic of Thermodynamics" has been expanded to its own chapter and now covers heat, work, processes, pathways, and cycles. New practical applications, examples, and end-of-chapter questions are integrated throughout the revised and updated text, exploring topics in biology, environmental and energy science, and nanotechnology. Written in a clear and reader-friendly style, the book provides an excellent introduction to the subject for novices while remaining a valuable resource for experts.
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Modern Thermodynamics with Statistical Mechanics

Author: Carl S. Helrich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540854177

Category: Science

Page: 402

View: 2887

Thermodynamics is not the oldest of sciences. Mechanics can make that claim. Thermodynamicsisaproductofsomeofthegreatestscienti?cmindsofthe19thand 20th centuries. But it is suf?ciently established that most authors of new textbooks in thermodynamics ?nd it necessary to justify their writing of yet another textbook. I ?nd this an unnecessary exercise because of the centrality of thermodynamics as a science in physics, chemistry, biology, and medicine. I do acknowledge, however, that instruction in thermodynamics often leaves the student in a confused state. My attempt in this book is to present thermodynamics in as simple and as uni?ed a form as possible. As teachers we identify the failures of our own teachers and attempt to correct them. Although I personally acknowledge with a deep gratitude the appreciation for thermodynamics that I found as an undergraduate, I also realize that my teachers did not convey to me the sweeping grandeur of thermodynamics. Speci?cally the s- plicity and the power that James Clerk Maxwell found in the methods of Gibbs were not part of my undergraduate experience. Unfortunately some modern authors also seem to miss this central theme, choosing instead to introduce the thermodynamic potentials as only useful functions at various points in the development.
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Statistical Physics of Biomolecules

An Introduction

Author: Daniel M. Zuckerman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420073796

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 5127

From the hydrophobic effect to protein-ligand binding, statistical physics is relevant in almost all areas of molecular biophysics and biochemistry, making it essential for modern students of molecular behavior. But traditional presentations of this material are often difficult to penetrate. Statistical Physics of Biomolecules: An Introduction brings "down to earth" some of the most intimidating but important theories of molecular biophysics. With an accessible writing style, the book unifies statistical, dynamic, and thermodynamic descriptions of molecular behavior using probability ideas as a common basis. Numerous examples illustrate how the twin perspectives of dynamics and equilibrium deepen our understanding of essential ideas such as entropy, free energy, and the meaning of rate constants. The author builds on the general principles with specific discussions of water, binding phenomena, and protein conformational changes/folding. The same probabilistic framework used in the introductory chapters is also applied to non-equilibrium phenomena and to computations in later chapters. The book emphasizes basic concepts rather than cataloguing a broad range of phenomena. Focuses on what students need to know now Students build a foundational understanding by initially focusing on probability theory, low-dimensional models, and the simplest molecular systems. The basics are then directly developed for biophysical phenomena, such as water behavior, protein binding, and conformational changes. The book’s accessible development of equilibrium and dynamical statistical physics makes this a valuable text for students with limited physics and chemistry backgrounds.
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An Introduction to the Theory of the Boltzmann Equation

Author: Stewart Harris

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486438313

Category: Science

Page: 221

View: 1437

This introductory graduate-level course for students of physics and engineering features detailed presentations of Boltzmann's equation, including applications using both Boltzmann's equation and the model Boltzmann equations developed within the text. It emphasizes physical aspects of the theory and offers a practical resource for researchers and other professionals. 1971 edition.
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Molecular Engineering Thermodynamics

Author: Juan J. de Pablo,Jay D. Schieber

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107469570

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 512

View: 3104

Building up gradually from first principles, this unique introduction to modern thermodynamics integrates classical, statistical and molecular approaches and is especially designed to support students studying chemical and biochemical engineering. In addition to covering traditional problems in engineering thermodynamics in the context of biology and materials chemistry, students are also introduced to the thermodynamics of DNA, proteins, polymers and surfaces. It includes over 80 detailed worked examples, covering a broad range of scenarios such as fuel cell efficiency, DNA/protein binding, semiconductor manufacturing and polymer foaming, emphasizing the practical real-world applications of thermodynamic principles; more than 300 carefully tailored homework problems, designed to stretch and extend students' understanding of key topics, accompanied by an online solution manual for instructors; and all the necessary mathematical background, plus resources summarizing commonly used symbols, useful equations of state, microscopic balances for open systems, and links to useful online tools and datasets.
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Problems in Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics

Author: Peter T. Landsberg

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486795047

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 6017

Well respected, widely used volume presents problems and full solutions related to a wide range of topics in thermodynamics, statistical physics, statistical mechanics. Suitable for undergraduates and graduate students, self-study, reference. 1989 edition.
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Statistical Mechanics

A Concise Introduction for Chemists

Author: B. Widom

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521009669

Category: Science

Page: 170

View: 9509

This is a 2002 introduction to statistical mechanics, intended for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students.
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THERMODYNAMICS & AN INTRO. TO THERMOSTATISTICS

Author: Herbert B Callen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9788126508129

Category:

Page: 512

View: 1866

Market_Desc: · Professors· Students About The Book: It is the only text to cover both thermodynamic and statistical mechanics--allowing students to fully master thermodynamics at the macroscopic level. Presents essential ideas on critical phenomena developed over the last decade in simple, qualitative terms. This new edition maintains the simple structure of the first and puts new emphasis on pedagogical considerations. Thermo statistics is incorporated into the text without eclipsing macroscopic thermodynamics, and is integrated into the conceptual framework of physical theory.
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Statistical Thermodynamics for Beginners

Author: Howard D Stidham

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813149957

Category:

Page: 496

View: 7497

This book is the distilled essence of the author teaching statistical mechanics to juniors, seniors and graduate students for over 50 years in various course settings. It uses a unique approach that leads naturally into the development of all possible ensembles. Much of the later chapters on polymers has previously been available only in the literature. Throughout the book, the assumption is made that the reader is still relatively raw, and mathematical detail is provided that other books leave to the abilities of the reader. While this produces a plethora of equations that mature scientists would regard as unnecessary, it is intended to help those just coming into the field and who want to get the idea without suffering hours of agony wondering, "where did that come from?". Request Inspection Copy
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Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics

Author: S. R. De Groot,P. Mazur

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486153509

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 7260

Classic monograph treats irreversible processes and phenomena of thermodynamics: non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Covers statistical foundations and applications with chapters on fluctuation theory, theory of stochastic processes, kinetic theory of gases, more.
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