American Exceptionalism Reconsidered

U.S. Foreign Policy, Human Rights, and World Order

Author: David P. Forsythe,Patrice C. McMahon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131735236X

Category: Political Science

Page: 172

View: 5223

Is the US really exceptional in terms of its willingness to take universal human rights seriously? According to the rhetoric of American political leaders, the United States has a unique and lasting commitment to human rights principles and to a liberal world order centered on rule of law and human dignity. But when push comes to shove—most recently in Libya and Syria--the United States failed to stop atrocities and dithered as disorder spread in both places. This book takes on the myths surrounding US foreign policy and the future of world order. Weighing impulses toward parochial nationalism against the ideal of cosmopolitan internationalism, the authors posit that what may be emerging is a new brand of American globalism, or a foreign policy that gives primacy to national self-interest but does so with considerable interest in and genuine attention to universal human rights and a willingness to suffer and pay for those outside its borders—at least on occasion. The occasions of exception—such as Libya and Syria—provide case studies for critical analysis and allow the authors to look to emerging dominant powers, especially China, for indicators of new challenges to the commitment to universal human rights and humanitarian affairs in the context of the ongoing clash between liberalism and realism. The book is guided by four central questions: 1) What is the relationship between cosmopolitan international standards and narrow national self-interest in US policy on human rights and humanitarian affairs? 2) What is the role of American public opinion and does it play any significant role in shaping US policy in this dialectical clash? 3) Beyond public opinion, what other factors account for the shifting interplay of liberal and realist inclinations in Washington policy making? 4) In the 21st century and as global power shifts, what are the current views and policies of other countries when it comes to the application of human rights and humanitarian affairs?

American Exceptionalism, American Anxiety

Wages, Competition, and Degraded Labor in the Antebellum United States

Author: Jonathan A. Glickstein,Professor Jonathan A Glickstein

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 9780813921150

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 361

View: 7923

What, then, was the supposed role of poverty, the fear of poverty, and other negative work incentives in the era of early industrial capitalism and escalating sectional conflict over slavery? American Exceptionalism, American Anxiety examines a wide spectrum of antebellum American thought on these and related issues, including slavery and cheap immigrant and female sweated labor."--BOOK JACKET.

Small Business Policy and the American Creed

Author: Sandra M. Anglund

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275966973

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 176

View: 3374

Examines the American national government's small business assistance policy from 1953 onward.

The Roots of American Exceptionalism

Institutions, Culture, and Policies

Author: C.

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113701640X

Category: Political Science

Page: 282

View: 8472

Draws on societies' unique histories, distinctive paths of institutional development and contrasting cultures to explain why they adopt different policies for common problems. It compares the United States with Sweden on tax policy, Canada on financing medical care, France on abortion policy, and Japan on immigration.

The Dynamics of American Politics

Approaches and Interpretations

Author: Lawrence C. Dodd,Calvin C. Jillson

Publisher: Westview Pr


Category: Political Science

Page: 451

View: 5848

This book offers a comprehensive assessment of the major theoretical approaches to the study of American politics. Written by leading scholars in the field, the book’s essays focus particularly on the contributions that competing macro- and microanalytic approaches make to our understanding of political change in America.The essays include systematic overviews of the patterns of constancy and change that characterize American political history as well as comparative discussions of theoretical traditions in the study of American political change. The volume concludes with four provocative essays proposing new and integrated interpretations of American politics.This is a path-breaking book that all scholars concerned with American politics will want to read and that all serious students of American politics will need to study. The Dynamics of American Politics is appropriate for graduate core seminars on American politics, undergraduate capstone courses on American politics, courses on political theory and approaches to political analysis, and rigorous lower-division courses on American politics.

American Exceptionalism

The Effects of Plenty on the American Experience

Author: Arnon Gutfeld

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 252

View: 2807

In general, all societies have evolved from a background in which people were many and resources were few. Thus the creation of their ideas, values, and institutions needed to adjust to that reality. The history of the United States, however, makes it an exception. There people were few but resources were endless. Thus, American traditions, values, ideas, and institutions which were of European origin had to undergo major transformations. This book explores the keys to understanding these transformations, and explains the uniqueness of American civilization.

Alle Menschen sind gleich - erfolgreiche nicht

Die verblüffenden kulturellen Ursachen von Erfolg

Author: Amy Chua,Jed Rubenfeld

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593422794

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 2648

Warum sind Einwanderer aus China und dem Iran Gewinnertypen und die aus anderen Nationen oft nicht? »Tigermutter« Amy Chua und ihr Mann Jed Rubenfeld haben eine überraschende Antwort. Erfolg hat, wer drei Dinge mit auf den Weg bekommt: das Gefühl kollektiver Überlegenheit, gepaart mit einer tiefen Unsicherheit gegenüber der neuen Gesellschaft und nicht zuletzt einer guten Portion Selbstdisziplin. Das Gute: Das Erfolgsprinzip ist kulturell geprägt, aber dennoch übertragbar und kann uns auch hierzulande eine Lehre sein. Vorausgesetzt, wir haben den nötigen Biss!

The Global Debt Crisis

Haunting U.S. and European Federalism

Author: Paul E. Peterson,Daniel Nadler

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815724179

Category: Political Science

Page: 241

View: 6173

Debt crises have placed strains not only on the European Union's nascent federal system but also on the federal system in the United States. Old confrontations over fiscal responsibility are being renewed, often in a more virulent form, in places as far flung as Detroit, Michigan, and Valencia, Spain, to say nothing of Greece and Cyprus. Increasing the complexity of the issue has been public sector collective bargaining, now a component of most federal systems. The attendant political controversies have become the debate of a generation. Paul Peterson and Daniel Nadler have assembled experts from both sides of the Atlantic to break down the structural flaws in federal systems of government that have led to economic and political turmoil. Proposed solutions offer ways to preserve and restore vibrant federal systems that meet the needs of communities struggling for survival in an increasingly unified global economy. Contributors: Andrew G. Biggs (American Enterprise Institute); César Colino (National Distance Education University, Madrid); Eloísa del Pino (Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos, Madrid); Henrik Enderlein (Hertie School of Governance, Berlin); Cory Koedel (University of Missouri); Carlos Xabel Lastra-Anadón (Harvard University); Daniel Nadler (Harvard University); Shawn Ni (University of Missouri); Amy Nugent (Government of Ontario, Canada); James Pearce (Mowat Centre, University of Toronto, Canada); Paul E. Peterson (Harvard University); Michael Podgursky (University of Missouri); Jason Richwine (Washington, D.C.); Jonathan Rodden (Stanford Uni versity); Daniel Shoag (Harvard University); Richard Simeon (University of Toronto, Canada); Camillo von Müller (University of St. Gallen, Switzerland, and Leuphana University, Germany); Daniel Ziblatt (Harvard University)

Narratives of Justice

Legislators' Beliefs about Distributive Fairness

Author: Grant Reeher

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472066209

Category: Political Science

Page: 338

View: 8807

DIVAn intriguing look into the minds of legislators /div

Legally Speaking

Contemporary American Culture and the Law

Author: Helle Porsdam

Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press

ISBN: 9781558492080

Category: Law

Page: 269

View: 3012

Since the founding of the republic, the law has come to make itself felt at every level of American society. Indeed, as Helle Porsdam argues, in a country with no monarchy or hereditary aristocracy and no established church, the law has become America's "civil religion," helping to form a collective national identity. According to Porsdam, what is distinctive about the role of law in the United States is not simply the prevalence of legal language and practice in everyday life, nor the fact that people go to court more often on more matters than do citizens of other countries. It is that Americans appeal to the law with a singular faith and hope deeply rooted in the culture. For all their complaints about excessive ligitiousness, greedy lawyers, and the shortcomings of the adversarial system, when conflicts occur, it is to jurists rather than to politicians or the clergy that Americans turn in their search for solutions. To demonstrate how thoroughly the ideal of law permeates American life, Porsdam looks at a wide variety of cultural evidence, from the novels of Scott Turow and Sara Paretsky to the television show "The People's Court." In each case she unveils and explores telling links between culture, self, and society--all forged by the law.

Die Arroganz der Macht

Author: J. William Fulbright

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3688112873

Category: Fiction

Page: 248

View: 8249

Nach den bürgerkriegsähnlichen Unruhen in Vierteln von Newark, Detroit und anderen Städten der USA faßte Fulbright Anfang August 1967 in einer Rede vor der amerikanischen Anwaltsvereinigung in Honolulu seine Kritik an der Innen- und Außenpolitik der USA zusammen in dem Urteil, die Vereinigten Staaten «übten Macht um der Macht willen» aus und sie seien auf dem Wege, «eine imperialistische Nation zu werden». Der Illusion, Amerika könne in Vietnam Krieg führen und zugleich Armut und Rechtsungleichheit im eigenen Lande wirksam bekämpfen, hielt der Senator die Diagnose entgegen, die USA seien im Begriff, den Krieg an beiden Fronten zu verlieren, denn: «Der Vietnamkrieg zehrt nicht nur an den menschlichen und materiellen Grundlagen unserer schwelenden Städte, er nährt nicht nur in den Slums die Überzeugung, daß das Land ihrer Lage gleichgültig gegenüberstehe. Der Krieg bestärkt immer mehr die Vorstellung, daß die Gewalt ein Weg zur Lösung von Problemen sei.»

Atlantic Crossings

Social Politics in a Progressive Age

Author: Daniel T. RODGERS

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674042824

Category: History

Page: 670

View: 9975


American Exceptionalism

An Idea that Made a Nation and Remade the World

Author: Hilde Eliassen Restad

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135048592

Category: Political Science

Page: 270

View: 1625

How does American exceptionalism shape American foreign policy? Conventional wisdom states that American exceptionalism comes in two variations – the exemplary version and the missionary version. Being exceptional, experts in U.S. foreign policy argue, means that you either withdraw from the world like an isolated but inspiring "city upon a hill," or that you are called upon to actively lead the rest of the world to a better future. In her book, Hilde Eliassen Restad challenges this assumption, arguing that U.S. history has displayed a remarkably constant foreign policy tradition, which she labels unilateral internationalism. The United States, Restad argues, has not vacillated between an "exemplary" and a "missionary" identity. Instead, the United States developed an exceptionalist identity that, while idealizing the United States as an exemplary "city upon a hill," more often than not errs on the side of the missionary crusade in its foreign policy. Utilizing the latest historiography in the study of U.S. foreign relations, the book updates political science scholarship and sheds new light on the role American exceptionalism has played – and continues to play – in shaping America’s role in the world. This work will be of great interest to students and scholars of US foreign policy, security studies, and American politics.

The permanent tax revolt

how the property tax transformed American politics

Author: Isaac William Martin

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804758703

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 249

View: 354

A provocative examination of the property tax revolt of the 1970s that explains why contemporary American politics is now consumed with conflicts over big tax cuts.

New American Democracy

Author: Paul E. Peterson

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: 9780205290345

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8817


The Policy Process

Author: Stuart S. Nagel

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated


Category: Political Science

Page: 182

View: 6068

Since the passage of national welfare reform legislation in the areas of welfare, employment, health and social services have been changing rapidly. This book discusses many of the different changes that these policies have gone through in recent years as well as the shift of responsibility toward state and local government for these changes. It is divided into: Part One: Federal, State and Local Relations; Part Two: Executive, Legislative and Judicial Relations; Part Three: The Group Struggle; Part Four: Public Values; Part Five: Democracy With Resistance.

Beyond Our Means

Why America Spends While the World Saves

Author: Sheldon Garon

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400839408

Category: History

Page: 488

View: 8752

If the financial crisis has taught us anything, it is that Americans save too little, spend too much, and borrow excessively. What can we learn from East Asian and European countries that have fostered enduring cultures of thrift over the past two centuries? Beyond Our Means tells for the first time how other nations aggressively encouraged their citizens to save by means of special savings institutions and savings campaigns. The U.S. government, meanwhile, promoted mass consumption and reliance on credit, culminating in the global financial meltdown. Many economists believe people save according to universally rational calculations, saving the most in their middle years as they plan for retirement, and saving the least in welfare states. In reality, Europeans save at high rates despite generous welfare programs and aging populations. Americans save little, despite weaker social safety nets and a younger population. Tracing the development of such behaviors across three continents from the nineteenth century to today, this book highlights the role of institutions and moral suasion in shaping habits of saving and spending. It shows how the encouragement of thrift was not a relic of indigenous traditions but a modern movement to confront rising consumption. Around the world, messages to save and spend wisely confronted citizens everywhere--in schools, magazines, and novels. At the same time, in America, businesses and government normalized practices of living beyond one's means. Transnational history at its most compelling, Beyond Our Means reveals why some nations save so much and others so little. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

Culture Matters

Essays in Honor of Aaron Wildavsky

Author: Aaron B. Wildavsky,Richard J. Ellis,Michael Thompson

Publisher: N.A


Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 1814

Culture theory was the focal point of the late Aaron Wildavsky's teaching and research for the last decade of his life--a life that profoundly affected many fields of political science, from the study of the presidency to public budgeting. Original essays prepared in his honor here examine Wildavsky's areas of influence.