American Citizenship

The Quest for Inclusion

Author: Judith N. Shklar

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674022164

Category: Political Science

Page: 120

View: 3547

In this illuminating look at what constitutes American citizenship, Judith Shklar identifies the right to vote and the right to work as the defining social rights and primary sources of public respect. She demonstrates that in recent years, although all profess their devotion to the work ethic, earning remains unavailable to many who feel and are consequently treated as less than full citizens.
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Ordinary Vices

Author: Judith N. Shklar

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674641754

Category: Philosophy

Page: 268

View: 7026

A look at political ethics covers cruelty, hypocrisy, snobbery, betrayal and misanthropy, and is accompanied by a description of modern public opinion about these vices
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Men and Citizens

A Study of Rousseau's Social Theory

Author: Judith N. Shklar

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521316408

Category: History

Page: 245

View: 7193

This book, first published in 1969, is widely regarded as one of the best studies of Rousseau's thought in any language. In it, Professor Shklar examines Rousseau's central concern: given that modern civilisation is intolerable and a return to the state of nature impossible, how is man to arrange his existence in society? Shklar organises the study around Rousseau's two conceptions of Utopia: the Spartan city and the autonomous family group. She emphasises the importance for Rousseau of psychological factors and shows how, when mediated through his images of authority and use of metaphor, they bring him to his notorious view that man is 'everywhere in chains'. In Shklar's view, Rousseau's conclusion is almost equally pessimistic: the chances are very remote that we can overcome the psychological obstacles to become both men and citizens.
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Civic Ideals

Conflicting Visions of Citizenship in U.S. History

Author: Rogers M. Smith

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300078770

Category: Law

Page: 719

View: 8785

This work traces political struggles over U.S. citizenship laws from the colonial period through to the Progressive era. It shows how and why throughout this time most adults were denied access to full citizenship, including political rights, solely because of their race, ethnicity or gender.
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People Out of Place

Globalization, Human Rights, and the Citizenship Gap

Author: Alison Brysk,Gershon Shafir

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415935852

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 5652

Globalization pushes people "out of place"--across borders, out of traditions, into markets, and away from the rights of national citizenship. But globalization also contributes to the spread of international human rights ideas and institutions. This book analyzes the impact of these contradictory trends, with a focus on vulnerable groups such as migrants, laborers, women, and children. Theoretical essays by Richard Falk, Ronnie Lipschutz, Aihwa Ong, and Saskia Sassen rethink the shifting nature of citizenship. This collection advances the debate on globalization, human rights, and the meaning of citizenship.
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Redeeming American Political Thought

Author: Judith N. Shklar,Stanley Hoffmann,Dennis F. Thompson

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226753478

Category: Political Science

Page: 209

View: 6893

A collection of thirteen essays on American political thought.
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Multicultural Citizenship

A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights

Author: Will Kymlicka

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198290918

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 2289

The increasingly multicultural fabric of modern societies has given rise to many new conflicts, as ethnic minorities and national minorities demand recognition and support for their cultural identity. Writing in a clear and non-technical way, Will Kymlicka, the leading political philosopher of his generation, provides the most comprehensive analysis to date of this crucial political issue.
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Political Thought and Political Thinkers

Author: Judith N. Shklar,Stanley Hoffmann

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226753461

Category: History

Page: 402

View: 9994

A collection of twenty-one essays written over Shklar's forty-year career as a professor at Harvard University.
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Contested Citizenship

Immigration And Cultural Diversity in Europe

Author: Ruud Koopmans

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 145290751X

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 6025

Presenting an unprecedented wealth of empirical research, Contested Citizenship compares collective actions by migrants, xenophobes, and antiracists in Germany, Britain, France, the Netherlands, and Switzerland. Revealing striking cross-national differences in how immigration and diversity are contended by different national governments, these authors find that how citizenship is constructed is the key variable defining the experience of Europe's immigrant populations.
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Legalism

Law, Morals, and Political Trials

Author: Judith N. Shklar

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674523517

Category: Law

Page: 246

View: 7606

Incisively and stylishly written, this book constitutes an open challenge to reconsider the fundamental question of the relationship of law to society.
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The End of the West

The Once and Future Europe

Author: David Marquand

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400845017

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 6640

Has Europe's extraordinary postwar recovery limped to an end? It would seem so. The United Kingdom, Belgium, France, Italy, and former Soviet Bloc countries have experienced ethnic or religious disturbances, sometimes violent. Greece, Ireland, and Spain are menaced by financial crises. And the euro is in trouble. In The End of the West, David Marquand, a former member of the British Parliament, argues that Europe's problems stem from outdated perceptions of global power, and calls for a drastic change in European governance to halt the continent's slide into irrelevance. Taking a searching look at the continent's governing institutions, history, and current challenges, Marquand offers a disturbing diagnosis of Europe's ills to point the way toward a better future. Exploring the baffling contrast between postwar success and current failures, Marquand examines the rebirth of ethnic communities from Catalonia to Flanders, the rise of xenophobic populism, the democratic deficit that stymies EU governance, and the thorny questions of where Europe's borders end and what it means to be European. Marquand contends that as China, India, and other nations rise, Europe must abandon ancient notions of an enlightened West and a backward East. He calls for Europe's leaders and citizens to confront the painful issues of ethnicity, integration, and economic cohesion, and to build a democratic and federal structure. A wake-up call to those who cling to ideas of a triumphalist Europe, The End of the West shows that the continent must draw on all its reserves of intellectual and political creativity to thrive in an increasingly turbulent world, where the very language of "East" and "West" has been emptied of meaning. In a new preface, Marquand analyzes the current Eurozone crisis--arguing that it was inevitable due to the absurdity of combining monetary union with fiscal disunion--and raises some of the questions Europe will have to face in its recovery.
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Democracy and the Political Unconscious

Author: Noëlle McAfee

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511124

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 2563

Political philosopher Noëlle McAfee proposes a powerful new political theory for our post-9/11 world, in which an old pathology-the repetition compulsion-has manifested itself in a seemingly endless war on terror. McAfee argues that the quintessentially human desire to participate in a world with others is the key to understanding the public sphere and to creating a more democratic society, a world that all members can have a hand in shaping. But when some are effectively denied this participation, whether through trauma or terror, instead of democratic politics, there arises a political unconscious, an effect of desires unarticulated, failures to sublimate, voices kept silent, and repression reenacted. Not only is this condition undemocratic and unjust, it may lead to further trauma. Unless its troubles are worked through, a political community risks continual repetition and even self-destruction. McAfee deftly weaves together her experience as an observer of democratic life with an array of intellectual schemas, from poststructural psychoanalysis to Rawlsian and Habermasian democratic theories, as well as semiotics, civic republicanism, and American pragmatism. She begins with an analysis of the traumatic effects of silencing members of a political community. Then she explores the potential of deliberative dialogue and other "talking cures" and public testimonies, such as the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission, to help societies work through, rather than continually act out, their conflicts. Democracy and the Political Unconscious is rich in theoretical insights, but it is also grounded in the practical problems of those who are trying to process the traumas of oppression, terror, and brutality and create more decent and democratic societies. Drawing on a breathtaking range of theoretical frameworks and empirical observations, Democracy and the Political Unconscious charts a course for democratic transformation in a world sorely lacking in democratic practice.
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Is Multiculturalism Dead?

Crisis and Persistence in the Constitutional State

Author: Christian Joppke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 074569215X

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 3703

Multiculturalism is controversial in the liberal state and has frequently been declared dead, even in countries that have never had a policy under that name. This authoritative book reviews the different meanings multiculturalism has acquired across theories, countries, and domains to evaluate the extent of its demise and the ways in which it lives on. Christian Joppke intriguingly argues that, beyond the ebb and flow of policy, liberal constitutionalism itself bears out a ï¿1⁄2multiculturalism of the individualï¿1⁄2 that is not only alive but necessary in a liberal society. Through a provocative comparison of gay rights in the United States and the accommodation of Islam in Europe, he shows that liberal constitutionalism constrains majority power, requiring the state to be neutral about peopleï¿1⁄2s values and ethical commitment. It cannot but give rise to multiple ways of life or cultures, as people are endowed with the freedom to embrace them. Accordingly, impulses toward multiculturalism persist, despite its political crisis, but with a new accent on the individual, rather than group, as the unit of integration. Tightly argued and clearly written, this book provides a judicious assessment of multiculturalism in the West and will be of interest to a broad readership across the social sciences and legal studies.
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Framing Sarah Palin

Pitbulls, Puritans, and Politics

Author: Linda Beail,Rhonda Kinney Longworth

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415893364

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 192

View: 1411

Sarah Palin’s 2008 vice presidential candidacy garnered tremendous levels of interest, polarizing the American public—both Democrats and Republicans alike. While many have wondered who she "really" is, trying to cut through the persona she projects and the one projected by the media, Beail and Longworth analyze why she touches such a nerve with the American electorate. Why does she ignite such passionate loyalty – and such loathing? How did her candidacy mobilize new parts of the electorate? Using the notion of "framing" as a way of understanding political perception, the authors analyze the narratives told by and about Sarah Palin in the 2008 election – from beauty queen, maverick, faithful fundamentalist and post-feminist role model to pit bull hockey mom, frontier woman, and political outsider. They discuss where those frames are rooted historically in popular and political culture, why they were selected, and the ways that the frames resonated with the electorate. Framing Sarah Palin addresses the question of what the choice and perception of these frames tells us about the state of American politics, and about the status of American women in politics in particular. What do the debates engendered by these images of Palin say about the current roles and power available to women in American society? What are the implications of her experience for future candidates, particularly women candidates, in American politics?
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Jürgen Habermas and the European Economic Crisis

Cosmopolitanism Reconsidered

Author: Gaspare M. Genna,Thomas O. Haakenson,Ian W. Wilson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317288378

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 3401

The European Union entered into an economic crisis in late 2009 that was sparked by bank bailouts and led to large, unsustainable, sovereign debt. The crisis was European in scale, but hit some countries in the Eurozone harder than others. Despite the plethora of writings devoted to the economic crisis in Europe, present understandings of how the political decisions would influence the integration project continue to remain vague. What does it actually mean to be European? Is Europe still a collection of peoples that rallied together during good times and then retreat to nationalism when challenges appear? Or has Europe adopted a common identity that would foster solidarity during hard times? This book provides its reader with a fresh perspective on the importance identity has on the functioning of the European Union as exemplified in Jürgen Habermas’ seminal text, ‘The Crisis of the European Union: A Response’. Rather than exploring the causes of the crisis, the contributors examine the current state of European identity to determine the likelihood of implementing Habermas’ suggestions. The contributor’s interdisciplinary approach is organized into four parts and examines the following key areas of concern: Habermas’ arguments, placing them into their historical context. To which degree do Europeans share the ideals Habermas describes as crucial to his program of reform. Influence of Habermas’ cosmopolitanism through religious and literary lenses. Impact of Habermas’ notions in the arenas of education, national economies, austerity, and human rights. Jürgen Habermas and the European Economic Crisis will be read by scholars in the fields of Political Theory and Philosophy, European Politics and Cultural Studies.
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Disenchanting Citizenship

Mexican Migrants and the Boundaries of Belonging

Author: Luis F. B. Plascencia

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813553342

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 3110

Central to contemporary debates in the United States on migration and migrant policy is the idea of citizenship, and—as apparent in the continued debate over Arizona’s immigration law SB 1070—this issue remains a focal point of contention, with a key concern being whether there should be a path to citizenship for “undocumented” migrants. In Disenchanting Citizenship, Luis F. B. Plascencia examines two interrelated issues: U.S. citizenship and the Mexican migrants’ position in the United States. The book explores the meaning of U.S. citizenship through the experience of a unique group of Mexican migrants who were granted Temporary Status under the “legalization” provisions of the 1986 IRCA, attained Lawful Permanent Residency, and later became U.S. citizens. Plascencia integrates an extensive and multifaceted collection of interviews, ethnographic fieldwork, ethno-historical research, and public policy analysis in examining efforts that promote the acquisition of citizenship, the teaching of citizenship classes, and naturalization ceremonies. Ultimately, he unearths citizenship’s root as a Janus-faced construct that encompasses a simultaneous process of inclusion and exclusion. This notion of citizenship is mapped on to the migrant experience, arguing that the acquisition of citizenship can lead to disenchantment with the very status desired. In the end, Plascencia expands our understanding of the dynamics of U.S. citizenship as a form of membership and belonging.
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Citizenship Excess

Latino/as, Media, and the Nation

Author: Hector Amaya

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814724175

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 6676

Drawing on contemporary conflicts between Latino/as and anti-immigrant forces, Citizenship Excess illustrates the limitations of liberalism as expressed through U.S. media channels. Inspired by Latin American critical scholarship on the “coloniality of power,” Amaya demonstrates that nativists use the privileges associated with citizenship to accumulate power. That power is deployed to aggressively shape politics, culture, and the law, effectively undermining Latino/as who are marked by the ethno-racial and linguistic difference that nativists love to hate. Yet these social characteristics present crucial challenges to the political, legal, and cultural practices that define citizenship. Amaya examines the role of ethnicity and language in shaping the mediated public sphere through cases ranging from the participation of Latino/as in the Iraqi war and pro-immigration reform marches to labor laws restricting Latino/a participation in English-language media and news coverage of undocumented immigrant detention centers. Citizenship Excess demonstrates that the evolution of the idea of citizenship in the United States and the political and cultural practices that define it are intricately intertwined with nativism.
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The Politics of the American Dream

Democratic Inclusion in Contemporary American Political Culture

Author: C. Ghosh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137289058

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 3816

The Politics of the American Dream analyzes the role of the 'American Dream' in contemporary American political culture. Utilizing analytic political theory, Ghosh creates a unique picture of Dream Politics, and shows the effect on the landscape of American politics.
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Routing The Opposition

Social Movements, Public Policy, And Democracy

Author: David S. Meyer,Valerie Jenness,Helen M. Ingram

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 145290720X

Category: Political Science

Page: 319

View: 7657

Explores the crucial nexus of policy makers and social movements for the first time.
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Dream Me Home Safely

Author: Susan Richards Shreve

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 9780618379026

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 223

View: 837

Presents essays by thirty of America's most acclaimed authors, including Julia Alvarez, Alice Walker, Nikki Giovanni, Joyce Carol Oates, and John Edgar Wideman, sharing memories of growing up in America.
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