Alien Policy in Belgium, 1840-1940

The Creation of Guest Workers, Refugees and Illegal Aliens

Author: Frank Caestecker

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571819864

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 3884

Belgium has a unique place in the history of migration in that it was the first among industrialized nations in Continental Europe to develop into an immigrant society. In the nineteenth century Italians, Jews, Poles, Czechs, and North Africans settled in Belgium to work in industry and commerce. They were followed by Russians in the 1920s and Germans in the 1930s who were seeking a safe haven from persecution by totalitarian regimes. In the nineteenth century immigrants were to a larger extent integrated into Belgian society: they were denied political rights but participated on equal terms with Belgians in social life. This changed radically in the twentieth century; by 1940 the rights of aliens were severely curtailed, while those of Belgian citizens, in particular in the social domain, were extended. While the state evolved into a "welfare state" for its citizens it became more of a police state for immigrants. The state only tolerated immigrants who were prepared to carry out those jobs that were shunned by the Belgians. Under the pressure of public opinion, an exception was made in the cases of thousands of Jewish refugees that had fled from Nazi Germany. However, other immigrants were subjected to harsh regulations and in fact became the outcasts of twentieth-century Belgian liberal society. This remarkable study examines in depth and over a long time span how (anti-) alien policies were transformed, resulting in an illiberal exclusion of foreigners at the same time as democratization and the welfare state expanded. In this respect Belgium is certainly not unique but offers an interesting case study of developments that are characteristic for Europe as a whole. Frank Caesteckeris senior researcher at the University of Ghent, Department of Modern and Contemporary History.

Grenzen der Freizügigkeit

Migrationskontrolle in Großbritannien und Deutschland, 1880-1930

Author: Christiane Reinecke

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3486707604

Category: History

Page: 428

View: 679

Im Zeichen von Terrorbekämpfung und Sicherheitsdenken ist das Thema der Migrationskontrolle heutzutage aktueller denn je. Doch wie Staaten ihre Grenzen kontrollieren, warum und auf welche Weise sie Reisende überprüfen, ein- oder ausschließen – diese Fragen wurden bereits in den 1880er Jahren rege diskutiert. Denn während das 19. Jahrhundert ungeahnte Formen der weltweiten Mobilität mit sich brachte, griffen Staaten nun auch vermehrt in Wanderungsprozesse ein. Christiane Reinecke beleuchtet dieses Spannungsverhältnis zwischen Offenheit und Abschirmung anhand der britischen und deutschen Migrationspolitik des späten 19. und frühen 20. Jahrhunderts. Sie fragt, warum und auf welche Weise beide Staaten die Einreise und den Aufenthalt von Migrant(inn)en kontrollierten. Dabei wird deutlich, wie die ordnenden Ambitionen der Bürokratie sich mit nationalistischen bzw. rassistischen Denkweisen verschränkten und in ein verstärktes Bedürfnis nach staatlicher Kontrolle mündeten. Christiane Reineckes Arbeit wurde mit dem Hans-Rosenberg-Gedächtnispreis 2013 ausgezeichnet.

Wo liegt die Bundesrepublik?

Vergleichende Perspektiven auf die westdeutsche Geschichte

Author: Sonja Levsen,Cornelius Torp

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3525300581

Category: History

Page: 362

View: 546

Der Band bestimmt den historischen Ort der Bundesrepublik in der europäischen Zeitgeschichte neu.

Migrationsregime vor Ort und lokales Aushandeln von Migration

Author: Jochen Oltmer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658189452

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 2512

Der Band nimmt die für die Migrationsforschung grundlegende Frage auf, wer auf welche Weise vor dem Hintergrund welcher Interessen aus welchen Gründen Einfluss auf räumliche Bewegungen und Prozesse der Niederlassung von Migrantinnen und Migranten gewonnen hat und gewinnen kann. Die Beiträge unternehmen den Versuch, Untersuchungsebenen unterhalb des Nationalstaates zu entwerfen und damit auf Arenen der Aushandlung von Wanderungs- und Niederlassungsvorgängen zu blicken, die durch je spezifische lokale, nationale, imperiale, supranationale oder globale Migrationsregime gerahmt sind.

The Fragility of Law

Constitutional Patriotism and the Jews of Belgium, 1940–1945

Author: David Fraser

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134021801

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 7640

The Fragility of Law examines the ways in which, during the Second World War, the Belgian government and judicial structure became implicated in the identification, exclusion and killing of its Jewish residents, and in the theft - through Aryanization - of Jewish property. David Fraser demonstrates how a series of political and legal compromises meant that the infrastructure for antisemitic persecutions and ultimately the deaths of thousands of Belgian Jews was Belgian. Based on extensive archival research in Belgium, France, the United States and Israel, The Fragility of Law offers the first detailed exploration in English of this intriguing and virtually unexplored episode of Holocaust history. Belgian legal officials did not hesitate to invoke the provisions of international law found in the Hague Convention and those guarantees of individual freedom found in the national Constitution to oppose the demands of the German Occupying Authority. However, they remained largely silent when anti-Jewish persecution was at stake. Indeed, despite the 2007 official report of expert historians on Belgian state collaboration in the persecution of the country’s Jewish population, the mythology of "passive collaboration" which has dominated Belgian historiography and accounts of the Holocaust in that country, must be radically rethought.

The Power of Knowledge

How Information and Technology Made the Modern World

Author: Jeremy Black

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030019854X

Category: History

Page: 504

View: 9481

Information is power. For more than five hundred years the success or failure of nations has been determined by a country’s ability to acquire knowledge and technical skill and transform them into strength and prosperity. Leading historian Jeremy Black approaches global history from a distinctive perspective, focusing on the relationship between information and society and demonstrating how the understanding and use of information have been the primary factors in the development and character of the modern age. Black suggests that the West’s ascension was a direct result of its institutions and social practices for acquiring, employing, and retaining information and the technology that was ultimately produced. His cogent and well-reasoned analysis looks at cartography and the hardware of communication, armaments and sea power, mercantilism and imperialism, science and astronomy, as well as bureaucracy and the management of information, linking the history of technology with the history of global power while providing important indicators for the future of our world.

Wer bestimmt denn unser Leben?

Beiträge zur Entkriminalisierung von Menschen ohne Aufenthaltsstatus

Author: Klaus Jünschke,Bettina Paul

Publisher: N.A


Category: Emigration and immigration law

Page: 254

View: 3108


"Menschenbassin Belgien"

Anwerbung, Deportation und Zwangsarbeit im Ersten Weltkrieg

Author: Jens Thiel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783898615631

Category: Alien labor

Page: 426

View: 7254


Enzyklopädie Migration in Europa

vom 17. Jahrhundert bis zur Gegenwart

Author: Klaus J. Bade

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783506756329

Category: Emigration and immigration

Page: 1156

View: 760


Geschichte der Arbeitsmärkte

Erträge der 22. Arbeitstagung der Gesellschaft für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte 11. bis 14. April 2007 in Wien

Author: Gesellschaft für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte (Germany). Arbeitstagung

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh

ISBN: 9783515092302

Category: History

Page: 421

View: 2858

This volume contains contributions to a conference on the history of labor markets. They cover a wide chronological range, from the Middle Ages to the present day, and discuss aspects of labor market theory and the most recent developments in the field. A special focus lies on the history of the Austrian labor market. German text.

Über Fremde reden

Überfremdungsdiskurs und Ausgrenzung in der Schweiz 1900-1945

Author: Patrick Kury

Publisher: N.A


Category: Political Science

Page: 271

View: 396


Grenzen setzen

vom Umgang mit Fremden in der Schweiz und den USA (1890-1950)

Author: Patrick Kury

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783412136048

Category: Emigration and immigration law

Page: 220

View: 5227


Western Europe

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Europe

Page: N.A

View: 1138