Alien Policy in Belgium, 1840-1940

The Creation of Guest Workers, Refugees and Illegal Aliens

Author: Frank Caestecker

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571819864

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 6666

Belgium has a unique place in the history of migration in that it was the first among industrialized nations in Continental Europe to develop into an immigrant society. In the nineteenth century Italians, Jews, Poles, Czechs, and North Africans settled in Belgium to work in industry and commerce. They were followed by Russians in the 1920s and Germans in the 1930s who were seeking a safe haven from persecution by totalitarian regimes. In the nineteenth century immigrants were to a larger extent integrated into Belgian society: they were denied political rights but participated on equal terms with Belgians in social life. This changed radically in the twentieth century; by 1940 the rights of aliens were severely curtailed, while those of Belgian citizens, in particular in the social domain, were extended. While the state evolved into a "welfare state" for its citizens it became more of a police state for immigrants. The state only tolerated immigrants who were prepared to carry out those jobs that were shunned by the Belgians. Under the pressure of public opinion, an exception was made in the cases of thousands of Jewish refugees that had fled from Nazi Germany. However, other immigrants were subjected to harsh regulations and in fact became the outcasts of twentieth-century Belgian liberal society. This remarkable study examines in depth and over a long time span how (anti-) alien policies were transformed, resulting in an illiberal exclusion of foreigners at the same time as democratization and the welfare state expanded. In this respect Belgium is certainly not unique but offers an interesting case study of developments that are characteristic for Europe as a whole. Frank Caesteckeris senior researcher at the University of Ghent, Department of Modern and Contemporary History.
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Migration Control in the North Atlantic World

The Evolution of State Practices in Europe and the United States from the French Revolution to the Inter-war Period

Author: Andreas Fahrmeir,Olivier Faron,Patrick Weil

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571813282

Category: Social Science

Page: 322

View: 2474

..".we still know surprisingly little about the enforcement of [national migration control laws] and their effects on migration...This book significantly reduces our ignorance...astonishingly, most of the papers...manage to thread a path through the formidable tangle of law, jurisdictions and complexities while maintaining a clear narrative voice and not losing sight of the larger issues." Comparativ In general, this set of essays, in its breadth of contributions and range of topics, is a major value to specialists and advanced students. The essays are argued tightly, et rest on a substantial base of evidence." History: Reviews of New Books "[A] pioneering study ... As well as its empirical strengths, the book also demonstrates Fahrmeir's comfort in dealing with theory ... The rigor with which [he] tackles his subject deserves comment ... A genuine comparative history ... an extremely important monograph ... a major contribution to out understanding of the legal position of aliens in modern European history." American Historical Review The migration movements of the 20th century have led to an increased interest in similarly dramatic population changes in the preceding century. The contributors to this volume - legal scholars, sociologists, political scientist and historians - focus on migration control in the 19th century, concentrating on three areas in particular: the impact of the French Revolution on the development of modern citizenship laws and on the development of new forms of migration control in France and elsewhere; the theory and practice of migration control in various European states is examined, focusing on the control of paupers, emigrants and "ordinary" travelers as well as on the interrelationship between the different administrative levels - local, regional and national - at which migration control was exercised. Finally, on the development of migration control in two countries of immigration: the United States and France. Taken altogether, these essays demonstrate conclusively that the image of the 19th century as a liberal era during which migration was unaffected by state intervention is untenable and in serious need of revision. Andreas Fahrmeir is currently in the History Department at the University of Cologne. Olivier Faron is a researcher at the CNRS, Universite Paris and lecturer at the Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris. He is secretary general of the Societe de Demographie Historique and deputy secretary general of the Societe Francaise d'Histoire Urbaine. Patrick Weil is Director of Research at CNRS in the Centre for Research on the History of Social Movements and Trade Unionism, Paris I - Sorbonne. He is the author of a report for the French Prime Minister on French nationality and immigration law in 1997 and is a member of the French Consultative Commission on Human Rights."
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The Age of Internationalism and Belgium, 1880-1930

Peace, Progress and Prestige

Author: Daniel Laqua

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 071909870X

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 6988

This study investigates internationalism through the prism of a small European country. It explores an age in which many groups and communities - from socialists to scientists - organised themselves across national borders. Belgium was a major hub for transnational movements. By taking this small and yet significant European country as a focal point, the book critically examines major historical issues, including nationalism, colonial expansion, political activism and international relations. A main aim is to reveal the multifarious and sometimes contradictory nature of internationalism. The Belgian case shows how within one particular country, different forms of internationalism sometimes clashed and sometimes converged. The book is organised around political movements and intellectual currents that had a strong presence in Belgium. Each of the main chapters is dedicated to a key theme in European history: nationhood, empire, the relationship between church and state, political and social equality, peace, and universalism. The timeframe ranges from the fin de siècle to the interwar years. It thus covers the rise of international associations before the First World War, the impact of the conflagration of 1914, and the emergence of new actors such as the League of Nations. With its discussion of campaigns and activities that ranged beyond the nation-state, this study is instructive for anyone interested in transnational approaches to history.
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Migrants and the Courts

A Century of Trial and Error?

Author: Geoffrey Care

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317096541

Category: Law

Page: 360

View: 7637

Written in a lively and engaging style from the perspective of a leading immigration judge, this book examines how states resolve disputes with migrants. The chapters reflect on changes in the laws and rules of migration on an international and regional basis and the impact on the parties, administration, public and judiciary. The book is a critical assessment of how the migration tribunal system has evolved over the last century, the lessons which have been learnt and those which have not. It includes additional comparative contributions by authors on international jurisdictions and is a valuable overview of the evolution and future of the immigration tribunal system which will be of interest to those involved in human rights, migration, transnational and international law.
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The Power of Knowledge

How Information and Technology Made the Modern World

Author: Jeremy Black

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030019854X

Category: History

Page: 504

View: 2646

Information is power. For more than five hundred years the success or failure of nations has been determined by a country’s ability to acquire knowledge and technical skill and transform them into strength and prosperity. Leading historian Jeremy Black approaches global history from a distinctive perspective, focusing on the relationship between information and society and demonstrating how the understanding and use of information have been the primary factors in the development and character of the modern age. Black suggests that the West’s ascension was a direct result of its institutions and social practices for acquiring, employing, and retaining information and the technology that was ultimately produced. His cogent and well-reasoned analysis looks at cartography and the hardware of communication, armaments and sea power, mercantilism and imperialism, science and astronomy, as well as bureaucracy and the management of information, linking the history of technology with the history of global power while providing important indicators for the future of our world.
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Western Europe

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Europe

Page: N.A

View: 5992

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The low countries

arts and society in Flanders and the Netherlands

Author: Stichting Ons Erfdeel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789075862683

Category: Arts and society

Page: 319

View: 1781

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Survivors

Jewish Self-Help and Rescue in Nazi-Occupied Western Europe

Author: Bob Moore

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 6582

The first comprehensive study of Jewish survival in western Europe in all its forms during the Holocaust.
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Endangered Cities

Military Power and Urban Societies in the Era of the World Wars

Author: Marcus Funck,Roger Chickering

Publisher: Brill Academic Pub

ISBN: 9780391041967

Category: Cities and towns

Page: 198

View: 6818

This volume explores the urban experience of war in twentieth-century Europe. Eleven essays draw from seven European countries to examine the impact of strategic bombing, occupation, urban rituals of war, and urban reconstruction in the wake of war.
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Studia diplomatica

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: World politics

Page: N.A

View: 702

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The encyclopedia of Christianity

Author: Erwin Fahlbusch

Publisher: Eerdmans Pub Co

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 866

View: 1645

The Encyclopedia of Christianity is a monumental reference work that addresses the broad interest in Christianity and religion around the world today. Comprehensive, up to date, reflecting the highest standards in scholarship yet intended for a wide range of readers, the EC describes the Christian faith and community in their myriad forms today and throughout the 2,000 years of Christian history. The EC also looks outward beyond Christianity, considering other world religions and philosophies as it paints the overall religious and sociocultural picture in which the Christian church now finds itself in the new millennium. Volume 5 contains 295 articles constituting the alphabetical entries Si?Z ? articles on significant topics ranging from sin, Sufism, and terrorism to theology in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, Vatican I and II, the virgin birth, and Zionism.
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BPR

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 3475

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