Algorithms Sequential & Parallel: A Unified Approach

Author: Russ Miller,Laurence Boxer

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133366805

Category: Computers

Page: 416

View: 2385

Equip yourself for success with a state-of-the-art approach to algorithms available only in Miller/Boxer's ALGORITHMS SEQUENTIAL AND PARALLEL: A UNIFIED APPROACH, 3E. This unique and functional text gives you an introduction to algorithms and paradigms for modern computing systems, integrating the study of parallel and sequential algorithms within a focused presentation. With a wide range of practical exercises and engaging examples drawn from fundamental application domains, this book prepares you to design, analyze, and implement algorithms for modern computing systems. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Algorithms Sequential & Parallel

A Unified Approach

Author: Russ Miller,Laurence Boxer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 330

View: 9983

Algorithms: Sequential and Parallel takes an innovative approach to a traditional algorithms-based course of study. This new approach addresses the changing challenges of computer scientists in the fields of computational science and engineering. With the onset of parallel computing becoming more mainstream, the authors address this dynamic by merging the application and analysis of algorithmic paradigms to both the (traditional) sequential model of computing and to a variety of parallel models. This book offers the student and the scientist an integrated coverage of a fundamental course in algorithms. The book was successfully class tested at both the undergraduate and graduate levels at the State University of New York at Buffalo. *The text offers a unified approach that relates sequential and parallel algorithms where appropriate and contrasts where appropriate. *Mathematical tools are developed in early chapters. *A variety of examples are worked out in great detail with multiple methods of solutions. *Sequential and parallel examples and exercises are featured. *Supplemental material is available for instructors. *A Prentice Hall Companion Website with additional material is a
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Algorithms Sequential and Parallel

A Unified Approach

Author: Russ Miller,Laurence Boxer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781584504122

Category: Computers

Page: 382

View: 1073

The study of algorithms represents a traditional topic used by programmers and engineers in parallel computing. This complete reference uses parallel programming algorithms for parallel processing, image processing, and computational geometry. Includes exercises at the end of each chapter varying in difficulty.
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Introduction to Parallel Computing

Author: Zbigniew J. Czech

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107174392

Category: Computers

Page: 428

View: 6803

A comprehensive guide for students and practitioners to parallel computing models, processes, metrics, and implementation in MPI and OpenMP.
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An Introduction to Data Structures and Algorithms

Author: J.A. Storer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817642532

Category: Computers

Page: 599

View: 3219

Data structures and algorithms are presented at the college level in a highly accessible format that presents material with one-page displays in a way that will appeal to both teachers and students. The thirteen chapters cover: Models of Computation, Lists, Induction and Recursion, Trees, Algorithm Design, Hashing, Heaps, Balanced Trees, Sets Over a Small Universe, Graphs, Strings, Discrete Fourier Transform, Parallel Computation. Key features: Complicated concepts are expressed clearly in a single page with minimal notation and without the "clutter" of the syntax of a particular programming language; algorithms are presented with self-explanatory "pseudo-code." * Chapters 1-4 focus on elementary concepts, the exposition unfolding at a slower pace. Sample exercises with solutions are provided. Sections that may be skipped for an introductory course are starred. Requires only some basic mathematics background and some computer programming experience. * Chapters 5-13 progress at a faster pace. The material is suitable for undergraduates or first-year graduates who need only review Chapters 1 -4. * This book may be used for a one-semester introductory course (based on Chapters 1-4 and portions of the chapters on algorithm design, hashing, and graph algorithms) and for a one-semester advanced course that starts at Chapter 5. A year-long course may be based on the entire book. * Sorting, often perceived as rather technical, is not treated as a separate chapter, but is used in many examples (including bubble sort, merge sort, tree sort, heap sort, quick sort, and several parallel algorithms). Also, lower bounds on sorting by comparisons are included with the presentation of heaps in the context of lower bounds for comparison-based structures. * Chapter 13 on parallel models of computation is something of a mini-book itself, and a good way to end a course. Although it is not clear what parallel
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Nonlinear Programming and Variational Inequality Problems

A Unified Approach

Author: Michael Patriksson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 147572991X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 336

View: 3572

Since I started working in the area of nonlinear programming and, later on, variational inequality problems, I have frequently been surprised to find that many algorithms, however scattered in numerous journals, monographs and books, and described rather differently, are closely related to each other. This book is meant to help the reader understand and relate algorithms to each other in some intuitive fashion, and represents, in this respect, a consolidation of the field. The framework of algorithms presented in this book is called Cost Approxi mation. (The preface of the Ph.D. thesis [Pat93d] explains the background to the work that lead to the thesis, and ultimately to this book.) It describes, for a given formulation of a variational inequality or nonlinear programming problem, an algorithm by means of approximating mappings and problems, a principle for the update of the iteration points, and a merit function which guides and monitors the convergence of the algorithm. One purpose of this book is to offer this framework as an intuitively appeal ing tool for describing an algorithm. One of the advantages of the framework, or any reasonable framework for that matter, is that two algorithms may be easily related and compared through its use. This framework is particular in that it covers a vast number of methods, while still being fairly detailed; the level of abstraction is in fact the same as that of the original problem statement.
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Algorithmen - Eine Einführung

Author: Thomas H. Cormen,Charles E. Leiserson,Ronald Rivest,Clifford Stein

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110522012

Category: Computers

Page: 1339

View: 4122

Der "Cormen" bietet eine umfassende und vielseitige Einführung in das moderne Studium von Algorithmen. Es stellt viele Algorithmen Schritt für Schritt vor, behandelt sie detailliert und macht deren Entwurf und deren Analyse allen Leserschichten zugänglich. Sorgfältige Erklärungen zur notwendigen Mathematik helfen, die Analyse der Algorithmen zu verstehen. Den Autoren ist es dabei geglückt, Erklärungen elementar zu halten, ohne auf Tiefe oder mathematische Exaktheit zu verzichten. Jedes der weitgehend eigenständig gestalteten Kapitel stellt einen Algorithmus, eine Entwurfstechnik, ein Anwendungsgebiet oder ein verwandtes Thema vor. Algorithmen werden beschrieben und in Pseudocode entworfen, der für jeden lesbar sein sollte, der schon selbst ein wenig programmiert hat. Zahlreiche Abbildungen verdeutlichen, wie die Algorithmen arbeiten. Ebenfalls angesprochen werden Belange der Implementierung und andere technische Fragen, wobei, da Effizienz als Entwurfskriterium betont wird, die Ausführungen eine sorgfältige Analyse der Laufzeiten der Programme mit ein schließen. Über 1000 Übungen und Problemstellungen und ein umfangreiches Quellen- und Literaturverzeichnis komplettieren das Lehrbuch, dass durch das ganze Studium, aber auch noch danach als mathematisches Nachschlagewerk oder als technisches Handbuch nützlich ist. Für die dritte Auflage wurde das gesamte Buch aktualisiert. Die Änderungen sind vielfältig und umfassen insbesondere neue Kapitel, überarbeiteten Pseudocode, didaktische Verbesserungen und einen lebhafteren Schreibstil. So wurden etwa - neue Kapitel zu van-Emde-Boas-Bäume und mehrfädigen (engl.: multithreaded) Algorithmen aufgenommen, - das Kapitel zu Rekursionsgleichungen überarbeitet, sodass es nunmehr die Teile-und-Beherrsche-Methode besser abdeckt, - die Betrachtungen zu dynamischer Programmierung und Greedy-Algorithmen überarbeitet; Memoisation und der Begriff des Teilproblem-Graphen als eine Möglichkeit, die Laufzeit eines auf dynamischer Programmierung beruhender Algorithmus zu verstehen, werden eingeführt. - 100 neue Übungsaufgaben und 28 neue Problemstellungen ergänzt. Umfangreiches Dozentenmaterial (auf englisch) ist über die Website des US-Verlags verfügbar.
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Evolutionary Computing

AISB Workshop, Leeds, U.K., April 11 - 13, 1994. Selected Papers

Author: Terence C. Fogarty

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540584834

Category: Computers

Page: 332

View: 4591

This volume is based on the Workshop on Evolutionary Computing held in Leeds, U.K. in April 1994 under the sponsorship of the Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour. In addition to the 22 best papers presented at the workshop, there are two invited contributions by Ray Paton and Colin Reever. The volume addresses several aspects of evolutionary computing, particularly genetic algorithms, and its applications, for example in search, robotics, signal processing, machine learning, and scheduling. The papers are organized in sections on theoretical and biological foundations, techniques, classifier systems, and applications.
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Algorithms

International Symposium SIGAL '90, Tokyo, Japan, August 16-18, 1990. Proceedings

Author: Tetsuo Asano,Toshihide Ibaraki,Hiroshi Imai,Takao Nishizeki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540529217

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 478

View: 9827

Pioneering work on hepatitis B virus and hepatitis delta virus, and the discovery of hepatitis B-like virus in animals during the 1970's has been followed, over the past ten years, by an explosion of interest in how these viruses replicate, maintain chronic infections, and cause liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma. The purpose of this book is two-fold. First, the authors of each chapter provide a summary of their specialty that will not only serve as an introduction, but will also provide the newcomer to hepatitis B virology with up-to-date information and insights into the goals and accomplishments of each area of investigation. Second, since the diversification of interests and increased specialization of hepadnaviruses researchers has reached a level where it is no longer possible for any one individual to read all the primary literature, this book will help to refocus interest on what is, after all, the major objective: to understand and ultimately treat or prevent chronic liver disease and liver cancer. Accordingly, chapters are included which span a range of interests, from the management of hepatitis B patients to new approaches to antiviral therapy, from the role of hepadnavirus gene expression in DNA replication to the role of ribozymes in the delta virus life cycle, from liver cancer in naturally infected woodchucks to liver disease in HBV transgenic mice to the use of hepatitis virus vectors to treat inherited enzyme deficiencies.
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Parallel Processing and Parallel Algorithms

Theory and Computation

Author: Seyed H Roosta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387987163

Category: Computers

Page: 566

View: 2715

Motivation It is now possible to build powerful single-processor and multiprocessor systems and use them efficiently for data processing, which has seen an explosive ex pansion in many areas of computer science and engineering. One approach to meeting the performance requirements of the applications has been to utilize the most powerful single-processor system that is available. When such a system does not provide the performance requirements, pipelined and parallel process ing structures can be employed. The concept of parallel processing is a depar ture from sequential processing. In sequential computation one processor is in volved and performs one operation at a time. On the other hand, in parallel computation several processors cooperate to solve a problem, which reduces computing time because several operations can be carried out simultaneously. Using several processors that work together on a given computation illustrates a new paradigm in computer problem solving which is completely different from sequential processing. From the practical point of view, this provides sufficient justification to investigate the concept of parallel processing and related issues, such as parallel algorithms. Parallel processing involves utilizing several factors, such as parallel architectures, parallel algorithms, parallel programming lan guages and performance analysis, which are strongly interrelated. In general, four steps are involved in performing a computational problem in parallel. The first step is to understand the nature of computations in the specific application domain.
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LATIN 2004: Theoretical Informatics

6th Latin American Symposium, Buenos Aires, Argentina, April 5-8, 2004, Proceedings

Author: Martin Farach-Colton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540212582

Category: Computers

Page: 632

View: 8179

This volume contains the proceedings of the Latin American Theoretical Inf- matics (LATIN) conference that was held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, April 5–8, 2004. The LATIN series of symposia was launched in 1992 to foster interactions between the Latin American community and computer scientists around the world. This was the sixth event in the series, following S ̃ ao Paulo, Brazil (1992), Valparaiso, Chile (1995), Campinas, Brazil (1998), Punta del Este, Uruguay (2000), and Cancun, Mexico (2002). The proceedings of these conferences were also published by Springer-Verlag in the Lecture Notes in Computer Science series: Volumes 583, 911, 1380, 1776, and 2286, respectively. Also, as before, we published a selection of the papers in a special issue of a prestigious journal. We received 178 submissions. Each paper was assigned to four program c- mittee members, and 59 papers were selected. This was 80% more than the previous record for the number of submissions. We feel lucky to have been able to build on the solid foundation provided by the increasingly successful previous LATINs. And we are very grateful for the tireless work of Pablo Mart ́ ?nez L ́ opez, the Local Arrangements Chair. Finally, we thank Springer-Verlag for publishing these proceedings in its LNCS series.
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Parallel Computing Technologies

4th International Conference, PaCT-97, Yaroslavl, Russia, September 8-12, 1997. Proceedings

Author: International Conference on Parallel Computing Technologies (4 : 1997 : Yaroslavl)

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540633716

Category: Computers

Page: 454

View: 3825

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Parallel Computing Technologies, PaCT-97, held in Yaroslavl, Russia, in September 1997. The volume presents a total of 54 contributions: 21 full papers, 20 short papers, 10 posters, and three tutorials. All papers were selected for inclusion in the proceedings from numerous submissions on the basis of three independent reviews. The volume covers all current topics in parallel processing; it is divided into sections on theory, software, hardware and architecture, applications, posters, and tutorials.
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QRD-RLS Adaptive Filtering

Author: JOSE APOLINARIO JR

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387097341

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 356

View: 5808

I feel very honoured to have been asked to write a brief foreword for this book on QRD-RLS Adaptive Filtering–asubjectwhichhas been close to my heart for many years. The book is well written and very timely – I look forward personally to seeing it in print. The editor is to be congratulated on assembling such a highly esteemed team of contributing authors able to span the broad range of topics and concepts which underpin this subject. In many respects, and for reasons well expounded by the authors, the LMS al- rithm has reigned supreme since its inception, as the algorithm of choice for prac- cal applications of adaptive ltering. However, as a result of the relentless advances in electronic technology, the demand for stable and ef cient RLS algorithms is growing rapidly – not just because the higher computational load is no longer such a serious barrier, but also because the technological pull has grown much stronger in the modern commercial world of 3G mobile communications, cognitive radio, high speed imagery, and so on.
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GWAI-89 13th German Workshop on Artificial Intelligence

Eringerfeld, 18.–22. September 1989 Proceedings

Author: Dieter Metzing

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642751008

Category: Computers

Page: 485

View: 5847

Die 13. Jahrestagung für Künstliche Intelligenz, GWAI-89, ist auch 1989 wieder ein Forum, auf dem ein beachtliches Spektrum der KI-Forschung in der Bundesrepublik präsentiert wird. Es reicht von Vorträgen über aktuelle Forschungsarbeiten bis zu speziellen Seminaren und dort von Grundlagenveranstaltungen (Formale und Kognitive Grundlagen von Wissensrepräsentationen; Einführung in Maschinelles Lernen und in spezielle höhere problemorientierte Sprachen für Wissensbasierte Systeme) bis zur Sektion "Expertensystemlabor", in der das Ziel verfolgt wird, einen Rahmen zu definieren für kontinuierliche Kooperation und Erfahrungsaustausch zwischen Grundlagen- und Anwendungsforschung und Produktentwicklung. Die thematischen Schwerpunkte der Beiträge liegen in den Gebieten klassische und nicht-klassische Deduktive Systeme, Expertensysteme und Natürlichsprachliche Systeme. Dazu kommen andere Teilgebiete der KI wie Bildverarbeitung, Kognitive und Tutorielle Systeme sowie Neuronale Netze.
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Software for Computer Control 1982

Proceedings of the Third IFAC/IFIP Symposium, Madrid, Spain, 5-8 October 1982

Author: G. Ferrate,E. A. Puente

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483146936

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 540

View: 1312

Software for Computer Control 1982 covers the proceedings of the Third IFAC/IFIP Symposium. The book discusses the state of software development for digital computer applications for science and control. With a total of 73 papers, the book covers topics such as real-time language and operating systems; man-machine communication software; software for robots; software for distributed control systems; C.A.D. of digital computer controls systems; algorithms for digital computer control; control software engineering and management; and industrial applications. Computer scientists, engineers, and I.T. professionals will find this book interesting, since it provides discussions on the various applications of computer programs.
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Parallel Computing Using Optical Interconnections

Author: Keqin Li,Yi Pan,Si-Qing Zheng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0585272689

Category: Computers

Page: 280

View: 1161

Advances in optical technologies have made it possible to implement optical interconnections in future massively parallel processing systems. Photons are non-charged particles, and do not naturally interact. Consequently, there are many desirable characteristics of optical interconnects, e.g. high speed (speed of light), increased fanout, high bandwidth, high reliability, longer interconnection lengths, low power requirements, and immunity to EMI with reduced crosstalk. Optics can utilize free-space interconnects as well as guided wave technology, neither of which has the problems of VLSI technology mentioned above. Optical interconnections can be built at various levels, providing chip-to-chip, module-to-module, board-to-board, and node-to-node communications. Massively parallel processing using optical interconnections poses new challenges; new system configurations need to be designed, scheduling and data communication schemes based on new resource metrics need to be investigated, algorithms for a wide variety of applications need to be developed under the novel computation models that optical interconnections permit, and so on. Parallel Computing Using Optical Interconnections is a collection of survey articles written by leading and active scientists in the area of parallel computing using optical interconnections. This is the first book which provides current and comprehensive coverage of the field, reflects the state of the art from high-level architecture design and algorithmic points of view, and points out directions for further research and development.
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Algebraic Methods in Semantics

Author: Maurice Nivat,John C. Reynolds

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521267939

Category: Computers

Page: 634

View: 9046

This book, which contains contributions from leading researchers in France, USA and Great Britain, gives detailed accounts of a variety of methods for describing the semantics of programming languages, i.e. for attaching to programs mathematical objects that encompass their meaning. Consideration is given to both denotational semantics, where the meaning of a program is regarded as a function from inputs to outputs, and operational semantics, where the meaning includes the sequence of states or terms generated internally during the computation. The major problems considered include equivalence relations between operational and denotational semantics, rules for obtaining optimal computations (especially for nondeterministic programs), equivalence of programs, meaning-preserving transformations of programs and program proving by assertions. Such problems are discussed for a variety of programming languages and formalisms, and a wealth of mathematical tools is described.
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