Aging in America

Author: Robert L. Scardamalia

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1598887033

Category: Social Science

Page: 446

View: 624

As baby boomers reach retirement age, concerns about the financial stability of Social Security, trends in disability, health care costs, and the supply of caregivers are all at the forefront of conversation. Aging in America focuses on the economic and demographic portrait of the senior population and answers several important questions: What is the socio-economic portrait of the senior population in my community? How has this population changed over time? Where are the most diverse or most homogenous communities? What proportion of the senior population is still working? What are their incomes? Is there affordable housing in this area for seniors? How many seniors care for grandchildren? What is the incidence of disability by type? The Decennial Census and annual American Community Survey form the basis for this aging portrait. These critical data sources provide comparable and comprehensive statistics for all communities across the nation.

County and City Extra 2015

Annual Metro, City, and County Data Book

Author: Deirdre A. Gaquin,Mary Meghan Ryan

Publisher: Bernan Press

ISBN: 1598887904

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1400

View: 5917

When you want only one source of information about your city or county, turn to County and City Extra. This trusted reference compiles information from many sources to provide all the key demographic and economic data for every state, county, metropolitan area, congressional district, and for all cities in the United States with a 2010 population of 25,000 or more. In one volume , you can conveniently find data from 1990 to 2014 in easy-to-read tables. No other resource compiles this amount of detailed information into one place. Subjects covered in County and City Extra include: • Population by age and race • Government finances • Income and poverty • Manufacturing, trade, and services • Crime • Housing • Education • Immigration and migration • Labor force and employment • Agriculture, land, and water • Residential construction • Health resources • Voting and elections The main body of this volume contains five basic parts and covers the following areas: Part A-states Part B-counties Part C-metropolitan areas Part D-cities with a 2010 census population of 25,000 or more Part E-congressional districts In addition, this publication includes: •Figures and text in each section that highlight pertinent data and provide analysis •Ranking tables which present each geography type by various subjects including population, land area, population density, educational attainment, housing values, race, unemployment, and crime •Multiple color maps of the United States on various topics including median household income, poverty, voting, and race Furthermore, this volume contains several appendixes which include: • Notes and explanations for further reference • Definitions of geographic concepts • A listing of metropolitan and micropolitan areas and their component counties • A list of cities by county • Maps showing congressional districts, counties, and selected places within each state New in the 23rd edition: Parts B and D include financial data from the 2012 Census of Governments while Part E includes new information from the Census of Agriculture.

County and City Extra

Special Decennial Census Edition

Author: Deirdre A. Gaquin,Mary Meghan Ryan

Publisher: Bernan Press

ISBN: 9781598885026

Category: Social Science

Page: 800

View: 3873

County and City Extra: Special Decennial Census Edition is an essential single-volume source for Census 2010 information. This edition contains easy-to-read geographic summaries of the United States population by race and Hispanic origin, age, family relationship, household composition, and housing status. It provides the most up-to-date census data for each state, county, metropolitan area, congressional district, and all cities with a population of 25,000 or more. It complements the popular and trusted County and City Extra: Annual Metro, City, and County Data Book, also published by Bernan Press. Features of this publication include: .census data on all states, counties, metropolitan areas, and congressional districts, as well as on cities and towns with populations above 25,000 .key data on over 5,000 geographic areas .ranking tables which present each geography type by various subjects including population, land area, population density, age, race, housing vacancies, and population change from 2000 2010 .data from previous censuses for comparative purposes .independently compiled age groupings-making it easier to identify the school-age population .appendices that provide comprehensive lists of geographic areas and their Census 2010 populations-making it easier to identify the relationships among cities, counties, and metropolitan areas .color maps and ranking tables that help users understand the data Some of the interesting facts found inside County and City Extra: Special Decennial Edition include: .the population of the United States grew 9.7 percent between 2000 and 2010 slower than the 13.1 percent increase between 1990 and 2000 .Michigan was the only state that did not increase in population between 2000 and 2010 .while the fastest growing areas in the country tended to be in the West and South regions, the fastest growing county in the country between 2000 and 2010 was in the Chicago metropolitan area Kendall County, IL which grew by 110 percent .in 2010, nine cities had populations over 1 million persons, topped by New York City with nearly 8.2 million persons, Los Angeles with 3.8 million persons, and Chicago with 2.7 million persons .in 2010, the median age was 37.2 years, up from 35.3 years in 2000, and 32.9 years in 1990 .Maine had the oldest population of all the states, with a median age of 42.7 years, while Utah had the youngest at 29.2 years .more people (46.3 percent) lived alone in New York County than in any other large county in the nation .only 2.6 percent of the population live in group quarters, but there were 46 counties where more than 20 percent of the people live in group quarters."

The Well-being of the Elderly in Asia

A Four-country Comparative Study

Author: Albert I. Hermalin

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472112805

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 615

View: 413

Examines the effects of social and economic change on the aging populations of Asia

County and City Extra 2018

Annual Metro, City, and County Databook

Author: Deirdre A. Gaquin,Mary Meghan Ryan

Publisher: County and City Extra

ISBN: 9781641432733

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1472

View: 4534

Find out how your county or city measures up with others across the United States! Updated annually to guarantee convenient access to current statistical information, County and City Extra is a single-volume source of data for every U.S. state, county, metropolitan area, Congressional district, and all cities with populations above 25,000.

Education and the American Workforce

Author: Deirdre A. Gaquin,Mary Meghan Ryan

Publisher: Bernan Press

ISBN: 1598889524

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 350

View: 1114

In a time of changing technology and cultural shifts, it is difficult to measure some aspects of the workforce. Education and the American Workforce brings together a comprehensive collection of employment and education information from federal statistical agencies. The Census Bureau is the leading source of quality data about the nation's people and economy. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is the principal federal agency responsible for measuring labor market activity, working conditions, and price changes in the economy. Together, these agencies produce a wealth of information about the American workforce. This book includes information about the jobs that people hold—the occupations that they pursue and the industries where they work—and the education levels that people have attained. In addition to tables, In addition to tables, each section also includes relevant figures and highlights of notable data. Some examples of interesting data found inside Education and the American Workforce include: With no formal educational requirement and a median salary of $22,680, 4.5 million people are employed as retail salespersons, the most of any single occupation. Cashiers and food preparation/serving workers account for another 3.5 million each. There are 2.9 million registered nurses, the most numerous of occupations that require a bachelor’s degree. The biggest numeric decline is expected for Postal Service mail carriers, dropping by about 78,000 in ten years. When combined with other Postal Service occupations—such as clerks, sorters, postmasters, and others—a decline of 140,000 jobs is expected for the Postal Service. Among the 75 largest counties, Bronx County, NY had the highest number of residents age 25 and over with less than a high school diploma at 29.4 percent while Montgomery County, PA had the lowest percentage at 6.2 percent. Meanwhile, New York County, NY and Fairfax County, VA had the highest percentage of residents with a bachelor’s degree or higher at 59.9 percent followed by Montgomery County, MD at 57.9 percent among the 75 largest counties. Nationally, between 2011 and 2015, 29.8 percent of the population had a bachelor’s degree or higher.

Cognitive Aging

Progress in Understanding and Opportunities for Action

Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on the Public Health Dimensions of Cognitive Aging

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309368650

Category: Medical

Page: 330

View: 9363

For most Americans, staying "mentally sharp" as they age is a very high priority. Declines in memory and decision-making abilities may trigger fears of Alzheimer's disease or other neurodegenerative diseases. However, cognitive aging is a natural process that can have both positive and negative effects on cognitive function in older adults - effects that vary widely among individuals. At this point in time, when the older population is rapidly growing in the United States and across the globe, it is important to examine what is known about cognitive aging and to identify and promote actions that individuals, organizations, communities, and society can take to help older adults maintain and improve their cognitive health. Cognitive Aging assesses the public health dimensions of cognitive aging with an emphasis on definitions and terminology, epidemiology and surveillance, prevention and intervention, education of health professionals, and public awareness and education. This report makes specific recommendations for individuals to reduce the risks of cognitive decline with aging. Aging is inevitable, but there are actions that can be taken by individuals, families, communities, and society that may help to prevent or ameliorate the impact of aging on the brain, understand more about its impact, and help older adults live more fully and independent lives. Cognitive aging is not just an individual or a family or a health care system challenge. It is an issue that affects the fabric of society and requires actions by many and varied stakeholders. Cognitive Aging offers clear steps that individuals, families, communities, health care providers and systems, financial organizations, community groups, public health agencies, and others can take to promote cognitive health and to help older adults live fuller and more independent lives. Ultimately, this report calls for a societal commitment to cognitive aging as a public health issue that requires prompt action across many sectors.

Aging, Technology and Health

Author: Richard Pak,Anne Collins- Mclaughlin

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128112735

Category: Psychology

Page: 318

View: 2786

Aging, Health and Technology takes a problem-centered approach to examine how older adults use technology for health. It examines the many ways in which technology is being used by older adults, focusing on challenges, solutions and perspectives of the older user. Using aging-health technology as a lens, the book examines issues of technology adoption, basic human factors, cognitive aging, mental health, aging and usability, privacy, trust and automation. Each chapter takes a case study approach to summarize lessons learned from unique examples that can be applied to similar projects, while also providing general information about older adults and technology. Discusses human factors design challenges specific to older adults Covers the wide range of health-related uses for technology—from fitness to leading a more engaged life Utilizes a case study approach for practical application Envisions what the future will hold for technology and older adults Employs a roster of interdisciplinary contributors

Locked In

The True Causes of Mass Incarceration—and How to Achieve Real Reform

Author: John Pfaff

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465096921

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 4574

"Pfaff, let there be no doubt, is a reformer...Nonetheless, he believes that the standard story--popularized in particular by Michelle Alexander, in her influential book, The New Jim Crow--is false. We are desperately in need of reform, he insists, but we must reform the right things, and address the true problem."--Adam Gopnik, The New Yorker A groundbreaking examination of our system of imprisonment, revealing the true causes of mass incarceration as well as the best path to reform In the 1970s, the United States had an incarceration rate comparable to those of other liberal democracies-and that rate had held steady for over 100 years. Yet today, though the US is home to only about 5 percent of the world's population, we hold nearly one quarter of its prisoners. Mass incarceration is now widely considered one of the biggest social and political crises of our age. How did we get to this point? Locked In is a revelatory investigation into the root causes of mass incarceration by one of the most exciting scholars in the country. Having spent fifteen years studying the data on imprisonment, John Pfaff takes apart the reigning consensus created by Michelle Alexander and other reformers, revealing that the most widely accepted explanations-the failed War on Drugs, draconian sentencing laws, an increasing reliance on private prisons-tell us much less than we think. Pfaff urges us to look at other factors instead, including a major shift in prosecutor behavior that occurred in the mid-1990s, when prosecutors began bringing felony charges against arrestees about twice as often as they had before. He describes a fractured criminal justice system, in which counties don't pay for the people they send to state prisons, and in which white suburbs set law and order agendas for more-heavily minority cities. And he shows that if we hope to significantly reduce prison populations, we have no choice but to think differently about how to deal with people convicted of violent crimes-and why some people are violent in the first place. An authoritative, clear-eyed account of a national catastrophe, Locked In transforms our understanding of what ails the American system of punishment and ultimately forces us to reconsider how we can build a more equitable and humane society.

Nomadland: Surviving America in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Jessica Bruder

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393249328

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 8827

The end of retirement? From the beet fields of North Dakota to the National Forest campgrounds of California to Amazon’s CamperForce program in Texas, employers have discovered a new, low-cost labor pool, made up largely of transient older Americans. Finding that social security comes up short, often underwater on mortgages, these invisible casualties of the Great Recession have taken to the road by the tens of thousands in late-model RVs, travel trailers, and vans, forming a growing community of nomads: migrant laborers who call themselves “workampers.” On frequently traveled routes between seasonal jobs, Jessica Bruder meets people from all walks of life: a former professor, a McDonald’s vice president, a minister, a college administrator, and a motorcycle cop, among many others—including her irrepressible protagonist, a onetime cocktail waitress, Home Depot clerk, and general contractor named Linda May. In a secondhand vehicle she christens “Van Halen,” Bruder hits the road to get to know her subjects more intimately. Accompanying Linda May and others from campground toilet cleaning to warehouse product scanning to desert reunions, then moving on to the dangerous work of beet harvesting, Bruder tells a compelling, eye-opening tale of the dark underbelly of the American economy—one that foreshadows the precarious future that may await many more of us. At the same time, she celebrates the exceptional resilience and creativity of these quintessential Americans who have given up ordinary rootedness to survive. Like Linda May, who dreams of finding land on which to build her own sustainable “Earthship” home, they have not given up hope.

Books in Series

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Monographic series

Page: N.A

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Families Caring for an Aging America

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Family Caregiving for Older Adults

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309448093

Category: Medical

Page: 366

View: 8984

Family caregiving affects millions of Americans every day, in all walks of life. At least 17.7 million individuals in the United States are caregivers of an older adult with a health or functional limitation. The nation’s family caregivers provide the lion’s share of long-term care for our older adult population. They are also central to older adults’ access to and receipt of health care and community-based social services. Yet the need to recognize and support caregivers is among the least appreciated challenges facing the aging U.S. population. Families Caring for an Aging America examines the prevalence and nature of family caregiving of older adults and the available evidence on the effectiveness of programs, supports, and other interventions designed to support family caregivers. This report also assesses and recommends policies to address the needs of family caregivers and to minimize the barriers that they encounter in trying to meet the needs of older adults.

The Hidden Brain

How Our Unconscious Minds Elect Presidents, Control Markets, Wage Wars, and Save Our Lives

Author: Shankar Vedantam

Publisher: Spiegel & Grau

ISBN: 9781588369390

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 922

The hidden brain is the voice in our ear when we make the most important decisions in our lives—but we’re never aware of it. The hidden brain decides whom we fall in love with and whom we hate. It tells us to vote for the white candidate and convict the dark-skinned defendant, to hire the thin woman but pay her less than the man doing the same job. It can direct us to safety when disaster strikes and move us to extraordinary acts of altruism. But it can also be manipulated to turn an ordinary person into a suicide terrorist or a group of bystanders into a mob. In a series of compulsively readable narratives, Shankar Vedantam journeys through the latest discoveries in neuroscience, psychology, and behavioral science to uncover the darkest corner of our minds and its decisive impact on the choices we make as individuals and as a society. Filled with fascinating characters, dramatic storytelling, and cutting-edge science, this is an engrossing exploration of the secrets our brains keep from us—and how they are revealed.

Places, Towns and Townships 2016

Author: Deirdre A. Gaquin,Mary Meghan Ryan

Publisher: Bernan Press

ISBN: 1598888579

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 850

View: 5754

Places, Towns and Townships is an excellent resource for anyone in need of data for all of the nation's cities, towns, townships, villages, and census-designated places in one convenient source. It compiles essential information about places in the United States and the people who live in them such as: • population • housing • income • education • employment • crime • and much more! In addition to the tables, Places, Towns and Townships includes text that describes key findings, figures that call attention to noteworthy trends in data, and rankings of the largest cities by various demographics. Compiled from multiple government sources, the data in this unique reference volume represents the most current and accurate information available. This data will not be updated for several years, making Places, Towns and Townships an invaluable resource in the years to come. Some interesting facts found in the 2016 edition of Places, Towns and Townships include: • While about 18 percent of the population lived in the nation’s 75 largest cities, 37 percent lived in places that were not incorporated as cities in 2014. • There were 34 incorporated cities and one town with more than 500,000 people in 2014. These 34 cities and towns represented only 23 states. • Among the 75 largest cities, Seattle, Boston, and San Francisco all have more than 72 percent of their residents in the 18-to-64 age group. • During the years 2010 through 2014, 13.1 percent of the residents of the United States were born in foreign countries. In 43 cities—mostly medium-sized cities and CDPs—more than half of the people are foreign-born. Many of these cities are in Florida. • In the five-year period from 2010 through 2014, 63.9 percent of Americans age 16 and older were in the civilian labor force, and 9.2 percent of the labor force participants were unemployed. • Nationally, Health Care and Social Assistance is the industrial sector with the most employees—16.6 percent of the total—followed by Retail Trade with 13.2 percent. Places, Towns and Townships makes a valuable addition to the County and City Extra Series.

The Future of Disability in America

Author: Committee on Disability in America,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309104726

Category: Medical

Page: 618

View: 6415

The future of disability in America will depend on how well the U.S. prepares for and manages the demographic, fiscal, and technological developments that will unfold during the next two to three decades. Building upon two prior studies from the Institute of Medicine (the 1991 Institute of Medicine's report Disability in America and the 1997 report Enabling America), The Future of Disability in America examines both progress and concerns about continuing barriers that limit the independence, productivity, and participation in community life of people with disabilities. This book offers a comprehensive look at a wide range of issues, including the prevalence of disability across the lifespan; disability trends the role of assistive technology; barriers posed by health care and other facilities with inaccessible buildings, equipment, and information formats; the needs of young people moving from pediatric to adult health care and of adults experiencing premature aging and secondary health problems; selected issues in health care financing (e.g., risk adjusting payments to health plans, coverage of assistive technology); and the organizing and financing of disability-related research. The Future of Disability in America is an assessment of both principles and scientific evidence for disability policies and services. This book's recommendations propose steps to eliminate barriers and strengthen the evidence base for future public and private actions to reduce the impact of disability on individuals, families, and society.


The Death and Life of an American Small Town

Author: Nick Reding

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1608192075

Category: Psychology

Page: 269

View: 2809

Traces the efforts of a small Iowa community to counter the pervasiveness of crystal methamphetamine, in an account that offers insight into the drug's appeal while chronicling the author's numerous visits with the town's doctor, the local prosecutor and a long-time addict. Reprint. A best-selling book.

Qigong for Wellbeing in Dementia and Aging

Author: Stephen Rath

Publisher: Singing Dragon

ISBN: 0857011995

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 168

View: 629

Qigong is the centuries-old practice of moving vital energy (Qi) through the channels of the body, known as meridians, to promote vitality and health. Stephen Rath details current research and Traditional Chinese Medicine theory to show how Qigong practice can support cognitive functioning, as well as emotional and physical wellbeing, in people with dementia. Qigong for Wellbeing in Dementia and Aging presents a set of accessible Qigong exercises and breathing techniques adapted specifically for older people who may be frail or have limited mobility, which address specific symptoms associated with dementia. These include exercises for the hands and feet, exercises for releasing emotions through the Five Animal Sounds, seated exercises, and facial exercises. The exercises, contributed by the Natural Healing Research Foundation from their Senior Exercise Class in Hawaii, are presented with clear explanatory illustrations. The final part of the book describes the Chinese understanding of nutrition as an essential underpinning of good health into old age, and provides health-giving food and drink recipes for people with dementia based on these principles. There is also a helpful chapter on practicing Qigong to protect against caregiver burnout. This will be an invaluable book for care professionals, nurses, activity coordinators, and physical therapists, as well as people with dementia and their families.

Anti-Aging for Dogs

A Longevity Program For Man's Best Friend

Author: John M. Simon, D.V.M.,Steve Duno

Publisher: St. Martin's Paperbacks

ISBN: 1466886897

Category: Pets

Page: 224

View: 4847

You love your dog. Don't you want to keep him around for a good long time? You take steps to slow down your own aging process and stay as healthy and fit as possible-- now you can do the same for you beloved dog. Learn Dr. John Simon's amazing program for canine longevity in Anti-Aging for Dogs, and your best friend can live years beyond his normal life expectancy. Simple but effective changes in your dog's lifestyle, diet, exercise program, environment, and behavior can yield astounding results. In this invaluable manual-- the first of its kind-- well-known and respected veterinarian Dr. John M. Simon tells you how to put this powerful program to use, with essential advice about: * Ensuring that your dog gets the right exercise, grooming, and dental hygiene * Creating a safe, healthy home environment for your dog * Avoiding common canine behavioral problems * Programs for assuring optimal nutrition, digestion, and detoxification * Plus: helpful appendices on first aid, toxic substances, and health maintenance

The Death and Life of Great American Cities

Author: Jane Jacobs

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 052543285X

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 5178

Thirty years after its publication, The Death and Life of Great American Cities was described by The New York Times as "perhaps the most influential single work in the history of town planning....[It] can also be seen in a much larger context. It is first of all a work of literature; the descriptions of street life as a kind of ballet and the bitingly satiric account of traditional planning theory can still be read for pleasure even by those who long ago absorbed and appropriated the book's arguments." Jane Jacobs, an editor and writer on architecture in New York City in the early sixties, argued that urban diversity and vitality were being destroyed by powerful architects and city planners. Rigorous, sane, and delightfully epigrammatic, Jacobs's small masterpiece is a blueprint for the humanistic management of cities. It is sensible, knowledgeable, readable, indispensable. The author has written a new foreword for this Modern Library edition.