Agent-Based Simulation of Organizational Behavior

New Frontiers of Social Science Research

Author: Davide Secchi,Martin Neumann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331918153X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 348

View: 8196

The aim of this book is to demonstrate how Agent-Based Modelling (ABM) can be used to enhance the study of social agency, organizational behavior and organizational management. It derives from a workshop, sponsored by the Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behavior (AISB), held at Bournemouth University Business School in 2014 on “Modelling Organizational Behavior and Social Agency”. The contents of this book are divided into four themes: Perspectives, Modeling Organizational Behavior, Philosophical and Methodological Perspective, and Modeling Organized Crime and Macro-Organizational Phenomena. ABM is a particular and advanced type of computer simulation where the focus of modeling shifts to the agent rather than to the system. This allows for complex and more realistic representations of reality, facilitating an innovative socio-cognitive perspective on organizational studies. The editors and contributing authors claim that the use of ABM may dramatically expand our understanding of human behavior in organizations. This is made possible because of (a) the computational power made available by technological advancements, (b) the relative ease of the programming, (c) the ability to borrow simulation practices from other disciplines, and (d) the ability to demonstrate how the ABM approach clearly enables a socio-cognitive perspective on organizational complexity. Showcasing contributions from academics and researchers of various backgrounds and discipline, this volumes provides a global, interdisciplinary perspective.
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Simulating Social Complexity

A Handbook

Author: Bruce Edmonds,Ruth Meyer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319669486

Category: Computers

Page: 838

View: 9667

This volume examines all aspects of using agent or individual-based simulation. This approach represents systems as individual elements having their own set of differing states and internal processes. The interactions between elements in the simulation represent interactions in the target systems. What makes this "social" is that it can represent an observed society. Social systems include all those systems where the components have individual agency but also interact with each other. This includes human societies and groups, but also increasingly socio-technical systems where the internet-based devices form the substrate for interaction. These systems are central to our lives, but are among the most complex known. This poses particular problems for those who wish to understand them. The complexity often makes analytic approaches infeasible but, on the other hand, natural language approaches are also inadequate for relating intricate cause and effect. This is why individual and agent-based computational approaches hold out the possibility of new and deeper understanding of such systems. This handbook marks the maturation of this new field. It brings together summaries of the best thinking and practices in this area from leading researchers in the field and constitutes a reference point for standards against which future methodological advances can be judged. This second edition adds new chapters on different modelling purposes and applying software engineering methods to simulation development. Revised existing content will keep the book up-to-date with recent developments. This volume will help those new to the field avoid "reinventing the wheel" each time, and give them a solid and wide grounding in the essential issues. It will also help those already in the field by providing accessible overviews of current thought. The material is divided into four sections: Introduction, Methodology, Mechanisms, and Applications. Each chapter starts with a very brief section called ‘Why read this chapter?’ followed by an abstract, which summarizes the content of the chapter. Each chapter also ends with a section on ‘Further Reading’. Whilst sometimes covering technical aspects, this second edition of Simulating Social Complexity is designed to be accessible to a wide range of researchers, including both those from the social sciences as well as those with a more formal background. It will be of use as a standard reference text in the field and also be suitable for graduate level courses.
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Cognition Beyond the Brain

Computation, Interactivity and Human Artifice

Author: Stephen J. Cowley,Frédéric Vallée-Tourangeau

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319491156

Category: Computers

Page: 342

View: 8619

This book challenges neurocentrism by advocating a systemic view of cognition based on investigating how action shapes the experience of thinking, placing interactivity at its heart. This systemic viewpoint makes three main claims. First, that many elaborate cognitive skills like language, problem solving and human-computer interaction (HCI) are based in sense-saturated coordination or interactivity. Second, interactivity produces a tightly woven scaffold of resources, some internal to the agent and others external, that elevates and transforms thinking. Third, human agents entwine brains, bodies and their surroundings as they manage multi-scalar dynamics. This new edition continues to demonstrate how a systemic perspective casts a productive light on thinking in applied domains such as crime scene analysis, the use of information technology in construction, and computer-meditated trusts and presents new studies on the cognitive ecology of the web, multi-scalar temporal and organisational cognition and the importance of interactive material engagement in digital architecture. Authors use various scales of the systemic viewpoint to illustrate how bodies and artefacts shape thinking, but in all cases the experience of materiality is meshed with activity that involves the world beyond the body. Cognition Beyond the Brain is a valuable reference for researchers, practitioners and graduate students within the fields of Computer Science, Psychology, Linguistics and Cognitive Sciences.
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Introducing the Oscillations Based Paradigm

The Simulation of Agents and Social Systems

Author: Darius Plikynas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319390406

Category: Computers

Page: 325

View: 1651

The book presents a conceptually novel oscillations based paradigm, the Oscillation-Based Multi-Agent System (OSIMAS), aimed at the modelling of agents and their systems as coherent, stylized, neurodynamic processes. This paradigm links emerging research domains via coherent neurodynamic oscillation based representations of the individual human mind and society (as a coherent collective mind) states. Thus, this multidisciplinary paradigm delivers an empirical and simulation research framework that provides a new way of modelling the complex dynamics of individual and collective mind states. This book addresses a conceptual problem – the lack of a multidisciplinary, connecting paradigm, which could link fragmented research in the fields of neuroscience, artificial intelligence (AI), multi-agent system (MAS) and the social network domains. The need for a common multidisciplinary research framework essentially arises because these fields share a common object of investigation and simulation, i.e., individual and collective human behavior. Although the fields of research mentioned above all approach this from different perspectives, their common object of investigation unites them. By putting the various pathways of research as they are interrelated into perspective, this book provides a philosophical underpinning, experimental background and modelling tools that the author anticipates will reveal new frontiers in multidisciplinary research. Fundamental investigation of the implicit oscillatory nature of agents’ mind states and social mediums in general can reveal some new ways of understanding the periodic and nonperiodic fluctuations taking place in real life. For example, via agent states-related diffusion properties, we could investigate complex economic phenomena like the spread of stock market crashes, currency crises, speculative oscillations (bubbles and crashes), social unrest, recessionary effects, sovereign defaults, etc. All these effects are closely associated with social fragility, which follows and is affected by cycles such as production, political, business and financial. Thus, the multidisciplinary OSIMAS paradigm can yield new knowledge and research perspectives, allowing for a better understanding of social agents and their social organization principles.
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Social Services Disrupted

Changes, Challenges and Policy Implications for Europe in Times of Austerity

Author: Flavia Martinelli,Anneli Anttonen,Margitta Mätzke

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1786432110

Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE

Page: 448

View: 9452

This book revives the discussion on public social services and their redesign, with a focus on services relating to care and the social inclusion of vulnerable groups, providing rich information on the changes that occurred in the organisation and supply of public social services over the last thirty years in different European places and service fields. Despite the persisting variety in social service models, three shared trends emerge: public sector disengagement, ‘vertical re-scaling’ of authority and ‘horizontal re-mix’ in the supply system. The consequences of such changes are evaluated from different perspectives – governance, social and territorial cohesion, labour market, gender – and are eventually deemed ‘disruptive’ in both economic and social terms. The policy implications of the restructuring are also explored. This title will be Open Access on Elgaronline.com.
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New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence

Joint JSAI 2001 Workshop Post-Proceedings

Author: Takao Terano,Toyoaki Nishida,Akira Namatame,Syrusaku Tsumoto,Yukio Ohsawa,Takashi Washio

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540430709

Category: Computers

Page: 556

View: 6988

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed joint post-proceedings of five international workshops organized by the Japanese Society of Artificial Intelligence, JSAI in 2001. The 75 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the volume. In accordance with the five workshops documented, the book offers topical sections on social intelligence design, agent-based approaches in economic and complex social systems, rough set theory and granular computing, chance discovery, and challenges in knowledge discovery and data mining.
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Advances in Social Simulation 2015

Author: Wander Jager,Rineke Verbrugge,Andreas Flache,Gert de Roo,Lex Hoogduin,Charlotte Hemelrijk

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319472534

Category: Computers

Page: 460

View: 9285

This book highlights recent developments in the field, presented at the Social Simulation 2015 conference in Groningen, The Netherlands. It covers advances both in applications and methods of social simulation. Societal issues addressed range across complexities in economic systems, opinion dynamics and civil violence, changing mobility patterns, different land-use, transition in the energy system, food production and consumption, ecosystem management and historical processes. Methodological developments cover how to use empirical data in validating models in general, formalization of behavioral theory in agent behavior, construction of artificial populations for experimentation, replication of models, and agent-based models that can be run in a web browser. Social simulation is a rapidly evolving field. Social scientists are increasingly interested in social simulation as a tool to tackle the complex non-linear dynamics of society. Furthermore, the software and hardware tools available for social simulation are becoming more and more powerful. This book is an important source for readers interested in the newest developments in the ways in which the simulation of social interaction contributes to our understanding and managing of complex social phenomena.
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Anatomie des Sozialen - Prinzipien der analytischen Soziologie

Author: Peter Hedström

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531153971

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 1248

Einer der weltweit führenden Soziologen, Peter Hedström, zeichnet die Grundlagen einer analytischen Soziologie nach. Er argumentiert für eine erklärende Soziologie, die Theorie und Empirie miteinander verbindet.
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Social Computing

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications

Author: Subhasish Dasgupta

Publisher: IGI Global Snippet

ISBN: 1605669849

Category: Computers

Page: 2365

View: 1100

With an increasing accessibility to social networking tools, the development of Web 2.0, and the emergence of virtual worlds, social computing crosses cultural boundaries to join people in the digital landscape. Social Computing: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications uncovers the growing and expanding phenomenon of human behavior, social constructs, and communication in online environments. This multiple volume publication presents the latest research on social change, evolving networks, media, and interaction with technology to offer audiences a comprehensive view of the impact of social computing on the way cultures think, act, and exchange information.
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Environment and Planning

Planning & design

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: N.A

View: 5527

Journal of urban planning and design. Publishes research in the application of formal methods, methods models, and theories to spatial problems involving the built environment and the spatial structure of cities and regions. Includes the application of computers to planning and design, in particular the use of shape grammars, artificial intelligence, and morphological methods to buildings and towns, the use of multimedia and GIS in urban and regional planning, and the development of ideas concerning the virtual city.
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Animal Spirits

Wie Wirtschaft wirklich funktioniert

Author: George A. Akerlof,Robert J. Shiller

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593389371

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 2157

Viel zu lange hat die Ökonomie einen der wichtigsten Faktoren im wirtschaftlichen Agieren von Menschen vernachlässigt: die Animal Spirits, also die nicht-rationalen Aspekte unseres Handelns. Ein großer Fehler, sagen George A. Akerlof und Robert J. Shiller, dessen Folgen wir in der Wirtschaftskrise täglich neu zu spüren bekommen. Sie fordern, das Verhalten des Menschen in der Wirtschaft wieder stärker zu berücksichtigen, anstatt sich auf reinen Marktglauben zu konzentrieren. Dieses Buch ist das Ergebnis ihrer langjährigen Forschungsarbeit. Es zeigt uns, wie erfolgreiches ökonomisches Denken und Handeln in der Zukunft aussehen muss.
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Encyclopedia of Social Measurement

Author: Kimberly Kempf-Leonard

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 1800

View: 723

The Encyclopedia of Social Measurement captures the data, techniques, theories, designs, applications, histories, and implications of assigning numerical values to social phenomena. Responding to growing demands for transdisciplinary descriptions of quantitative and qualitative techniques, measurement, sampling, and statistical methods, it will increase the proficiency of everyone who gathers and analyzes data. Covering all core social science disciplines, the 300+ articles of the Encyclopedia of Social Measurement not only present a comprehensive summary of observational frameworks and mathematical models, but also offer tools, background information, qualitative methods, and guidelines for structuring the research process. Articles include examples and applications of research strategies and techniques, highlighting multidisciplinary options for observing social phenomena. The alphabetical arrangement of the articles, their glossaries and cross-references, and the volumes' detailed index will encourage exploration across the social sciences. Descriptions of important data sets and case studies will help readers understand resources they can often instantly access. * Introduces readers to the advantages and potential of specific techniques and suggests additional sources that readers can then consult to learn more * Conveys a range of basic to complex research issues in sufficient detail to explain even the most complicated statistical technique. Readers are provided with references for further information * Eleven substantive sections delineate social sciences and the research processes they follow to measure and provide new knowledge on a wide range of topics * Authors are prominent scholars and methodologists from all social science fields * Within each of the sections important components of quantitative and qualitative research methods are dissected and illustrated with examples from diverse fields of study * Actual research experiences provide useful examples
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New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence

JSAI 2003 and JSAI 2004 Conferences and Workshops, Niigata, Japan, June 23-27, 2003, Kanazawa, Japan, May 31-June 4, 2004, Revised Selected Papers

Author: Akito Sakurai,Koiti Hasida,Katsumi Nitta

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540710094

Category: Computers

Page: 548

View: 6327

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed joint post-proceedings of the 17th and 18th annual conferences of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence, JSAI 2003 and JSAI 2004, and co-located international workshops, held in Niigata, Japan in June 2003 and in Kanazawa, Japan in May/June 2004 respectively. It features a number of award winning papers as well as revised full workshop papers from these conferences.
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Dynamics and Change in Organizations

Author: H.W. Gazendam,René Jorna,Ruben S. Cijsouw,R.S. Cijsouw

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402014772

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 285

View: 4389

The main topic of this book is the Dynamics and Change in Organizations. An organization is seen as a group of people that do not only share rules of language, customs, and habits, but also participate in the social construction of these rules. Organizational changes and dynamics are characterized by -Problem solving within the context of bounded rationality, and propagation of adaptive patterns of behaviour in evolutionary time; -Communication, existing of the exchange of object signs and norm signs, leading to the perturbation of self-organizing psychic and social systems; -Creation and annihilation of social affordances (social constructs) and the norms attached to them; -Actions, for instance communicative actions, and the creation of information systems and other artefacts; -Creation, change, conversion and transfer of knowledge.
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Synergetik

eine Einführung

Author: Hermann Haken

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783540110507

Category: Synergetics

Page: 382

View: 1033

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Swarm

Author: J. Abbott Miller,Ellen Lupton,Marion Boulton Stroud

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Bees

Page: 95

View: 7368

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Management

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Industrial engineering

Page: N.A

View: 2121

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