Author: A.J.J.A. Scherpbier,Cees P.M. van der Vleuten,J.J. Rethans,A.F.W. van der Steeg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 7607About 550 registrants from 51 different countries attended the Seventh Ottawa Conference on Medical Education and Assessment in Maastricht. We received 525 abstracts for the conference, divided in thematic poster sessions and platform presentations. Organising the conference was an honour and we tried to meet the high standards of a friendly and relaxed atmosphere which has characterized previous Ottawa conferences. During and after the conference about 250 papers were submitted for publication in the conference proceedings, leaving us little time for a post-conference depression. Despite the large number of papers, the editors have attempted to review and edit the papers as care fully as possible. Occasionally, however, correspondence exceeded reasonable deadlines, preventing careful editing of a small number of the papers. Although we felt that our editorial task was not quite finished, we nevertheless decided to include these papers. We thank the many authors for their enthusiastic and prompt response to - occasionally tedious - editorial suggestions and requests. We are sure that this collective effort has resulted in a book that will make an important contribution to the field of medical education. The editors want to thank Jocelyn Flippo-Berger whose expertise with desk top publishing and perseverance was a great help.
Author: Smith, Christina Ramirez
Publisher: IGI Global
View: 1565Discussions surrounding mental health are becoming more prominent and these conditions are becoming less stigmatized. Studying the effects that mental wellness has on students within the medical field can provide an insider perspective on this critical topic. Exploring the Pressures of Medical Education From a Mental Health and Wellness Perspective is a critical reference source that examines the mental and emotional problems that arise with students practicing in the medical field. Featuring relevant topics such as student burnout, cognitive learning, graduate education, and curriculum development, this scholarly publication is ideal for medical practitioners, academicians, students, and researchers that are interested in staying apprised of the latest trends and developments relating to mental wellness.
Author: Geoffrey R. Norman,Cees P.M. van der Vleuten,D.I. Newble
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 3975GEOFF NORMAN McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada CEES VAN DER VLEUTEN University of Maastricht, Netherlands DA VID NEWBLE University of Sheffield, England The International Handbook of Research in Medical Education is a review of current research findings and contemporary issues in health sciences education. The orientation is toward research evidence as a basis for informing policy and practice in education. Although most of the research findings have accrued from the study of medical education, the handbook will be useful to teachers and researchers in all health professions and others concerned with professional education. The handbook comprises 33 chapters organized into six sections: Research Traditions, Learning, The Educational Continuum, Instructional Strategies, Assessment, and Implementing the Curriculum. The research orientation of the handbook will make the book an invaluable resource to researchers and scholars, and should help practitioners to identify research to place their educational decisions on a sound empirical footing. THE FIELD OF RESEARCH IN MEDICAL EDUCAnON The discipline of medical education began in North America more than thirty years ago with the founding of the first office in medical education at Buffalo, New York, by George Miller in the early 1960s. Soon after, large offices were established in medical schools in Chicago (University of Illinois), Los Angeles (University of Southern California) and Lansing (Michigan State University). All these first generation offices mounted master's level programs in medical education, and many of their graduates went on to found offices at other schools.
Author: William B. Jeffries,Kathryn Huggett
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 6845Few faculty members in academic medical centres are formally prepared for their roles as teachers. This work is an introductory text designed to provide medical teachers with the core concepts of effective teaching practice and information about innovations for curriculum design, delivery, and assessment. It offers brief, focused chapters with content that is easily assimilated by the reader. Topics are relevant to basic science and clinical teachers, and the work does not presume readers possess prerequisite knowledge of education theory or instructional design. The authors emphasize application of concepts to teaching practice. Topics include: Helping Students Learn; Teaching Large Groups; Teaching in Small Groups; Problem Based Learning; Team-Based Learning, Teaching Clinical Skills; Teaching with Simulation; Teaching with Practicals and Labs; Teaching with Technological Tools; Designing a Course; Assessing Student Performance; Documenting the Trajectory of your Teaching and Teaching as Scholarship. Chapters were written by leaders in medical education and research who draw upon extensive professional experience and the literature on best practices in education. Although designed for teachers, the work reflects a learner-centred perspective and emphasizes outcomes for student learning. The book is accessible and visually interesting, and the work contains information that is current, but not time-sensitive. The work includes recommendations for additional reading and an appendix with resources for medical education.
Author: Zubair Amin,Hoon Eng Khoo
Publisher: World Scientific
View: 7782Medical education ? the art and science behind medical teaching and learning ? has progressed remarkably. Teaching and learning have become more scientific and rigorous, curricula are based on sound pedagogical principles, and problem-based and other forms of active and self-directed learning have become the mainstream. We have progressed from the role of problem-identifier to that of solution-provider. This book provides a balanced overview of the "why" of medical education, emphasizing the need for change and adaptation, and the "how", by demonstrating the way concepts and theories of medical education can be of immediate benefit to the medical teacher. In this improved second edition, student assessment, curriculum, outcome-based education, clinical teaching, and problem-based learning receive more emphasis with the addition of new chapters, essential updates, and consolidation. The tone is more pragmatic, with implementable examples and incorporation of newer evidence and better practices. However, one thing has not changed: the book still targets medical teachers without a formal background in education. Contents: Historical Overview of Medical Education; Global and Regional Perspectives in Medical Education; Change Process and Role of Leadership; Learning Concepts and Philosophies; Curricular Design and Planning; Educational Outcomes; Teaching and Learning Methodology: General, Clinical, PBL; Assessment of Students; Program Evaluation; Research in Medical Education; Glossary and Further Resources.
Author: Vivian Nutton,Roy Porter
View: 971Professional education forms a key element in the transmission of medical learning and skills, in occupational solidarity and in creating and recreating the very image of the practitioner. Yet the history of British medical education has hitherto been surprisingly neglected. Building upon papers contributed to two conferences on the history of medical education in the early 1990s, this volume presents new research and original synthesis on key aspects of medical instruction, theoretical and practical, from early medieval times into the present century. Academic and practical aspects are equally examined, and balanced attention is given to different sites of instruction, be it the university or the hospital. The crucial role of education in medical qualifications and professional licensing is also examined as is the part it has played in the regulation of the entry of women to the profession.
Author: Committee on Nutrition in Medical Education,Food and Nutrition Board,Commission on Life Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
View: 5906As the general public has become more aware of advances in nutrition, consumer demands for advice on matters of diet and disease have grown. This book offers recommendations to upgrade what were found to be largely inadequate nutrition programs in U.S. medical schools in order that health professionals be better qualified to advise and treat their patients. A comprehensive study of one-third of American 4-year undergraduate medical schools provided information on the current status of nutrition programs at each school. Conclusions were drawn and recommendations made from analysis of this gathered information. Questions examined in this volume include: Has medical education kept pace with advances in nutrition science? Are medical students equipped to convey sound nutritional advice to their patients? What strategies are needed to initiate and sustain adequate teaching of nutrition in medical schools?
Identity, Power and Location
Author: Alan Bleakley,John Bligh,Julie Browne
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 8397The purpose of medical education is to benefit patients by improving the work of doctors. Patient centeredness is a centuries old concept in medicine, but there is still a long way to go before medical education can truly be said to be patient centered. Ensuring the centrality of the patient is a particular challenge during medical education, when students are still forming an identity as trainee doctors, and conservative attitudes towards medicine and education are common amongst medical teachers, making it hard to bring about improvements. How can teachers, policy makers, researchers and doctors bring about lasting change that will restore the patient to the heart of medical education? The authors, experienced medical educators, explore the role of the patient in medical education in terms of identity, power and location. Using innovative political, philosophical, cultural and literary critical frameworks that have previously never been applied so consistently to the field, the authors provide a fundamental reconceptualisation of medical teaching and learning, with an emphasis upon learning at the bedside and in the clinic. They offer a wealth of practical and conceptual insights into the three-way relationship between patients, students and teachers, setting out a radical and exciting approach to a medical education for the future. “The authors provide us with a masterful reconceptualization of medical education that challenges traditional notions about teaching and learning. The book critiques current practices and offers new approaches to medical education based upon sociocultural research and theory. This thought provoking narrative advances the case for reform and is a must read for anyone involved in medical education.” - David M. Irby, PhD, Vice Dean for Education, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine; and co-author of Educating Physicians: A Call for Reform of Medical School and Residency "This book is a truly visionary contribution to the Flexner centenary. It is compulsory reading for the medical educationalist with a serious concern for the future - and for the welfare of patients and learners in the here and now." Professor Tim Dornan, University of Manchester Medical School and Maastricht University Graduate School of Health Professions Education.
Author: Susan Bridges,Lap Ki Chan,Cindy E. Hmelo-Silver
View: 826This evidence-packed guide explores the growing importance of new technologies and situated learning in the vanguard of medical and health sciences education, backed by real-world clinical applications. Its dual emphasis on problem-based learning (PBL) and applied learning is reflected in the range of author perspectives, from understanding how technologies engage learners to implications for program design. Innovations covered range from wider and more targeted use of mobile devices and electronic medical records to video cases and virtual patients, in clinical contexts from family practice to specialized surgery. At the same time, chapters detail both the necessary hardware for putting these systems into place and the software needed to make them accessible to learners. Among the featured topics: Technology and group processes in PBL: An ethnographic study. What is real? Using problem-based learning in virtual worlds. Are Wikipedia articles reliable learning resources in PBL curricula? Utilizing mobile electronic health records in clinical education. Measuring emotions in medicine: methodological and technological advances within authentic medical learning environments. The deteriorating patient smartphone app: towards serious game design. Medical/health sciences educators and researchers in educational technology will look to Educational Technologies in Medical and Health Sciences Education to pinpoint current and future trends in an ever-important field.
Author: Rodrigues, Joel J.P.C.
Publisher: IGI Global
View: 645Digital Advances in Medicine, E-Health, and Communication Technologies explores the developments and trends in medical informatics and its approaches toward telemedicine and e-health applications. This comprehensive collection of research brings together academia and industry by highlighting recent advances in electronic health, medical communications and applications for e-health and medicine.
Oral and Written Contexts
Author: Maurizio Gotti,Françoise Salager-Meyer
Publisher: Peter Lang
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
View: 8093The focus of this volume is on medical discourse, a domain of language which deserves closer scrutiny by academics as well as practitioners, due to its increasing relevance and pervasiveness in modern society. Despite the wealth of publications dealing with specialized or academic discourse and its rhetoric, few of these are devoted specifically to medical discourse. This book seeks to redress the balance by bringing together a number of studies that bear witness to the widespread interest in medical texts shown by linguists and professional communities around the world. The volume is divided into two main parts: the first targets medical discourse in its spoken dimension, while the second contains various analyses of written texts. The theoretical perspectives and individual case studies presented here reflect the wide range of methodological approaches and theoretical issues that characterise current research in the field.
An Educator's Guide
Author: Clare Delany,Elizabeth Molloy
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
View: 2687Clinical settings are dynamic educational spaces that present both opportunities and barriers to learning and teaching. Designed to inform, challenge and educate health professionals about the evidence underpinning clinical education practices and outcomes, this multi-disciplinary book brings together important concepts in healthcare education and addresses context and processes of learning, professional identity and socialisation, feedback and assessment, ethics, and inter-professional education. The authors encourage teaching and learning practices based on research findings, expertise and innovation, and the development of individual teaching methods and styles from a theoretical base that provides relevant principles, direction and support. With clear links between theory, research and practice, collaboration from a broad range of clinical disciplines, and models for learning and teaching grounded in empirical research, Clinical Education in the Health Professions will become a standard reference for all health professionals and educators. examines patterns of practice in clinical education in the health professions, using a qualitative research focus identifies the roles of university and clinical educators, students, peers and patients in clinical education highlights implicit tensions in clinical education practice and presents strategies to identify and address such tensions challenges the reader to consider new approaches to clinical education that may optimise students’ learning and enculturation into the health professions Despite claims that clinical education lies at the heart of health care education, little empirical research has explored what constitutes effectiveness in clinical teaching and learning. This book draws on the research, ideas and expertise of researchers who have observed and researched different aspects of clinical education. Their research has spanned clinical education topics including professional identity and socialisation, assessment and feedback, pedagogical methods, clinical reasoning, dealing with ambiguity, dealing with diversity and interprofessional education. This book has been designed to synthesise empirical clinical education research and ideas about the context, value, processes and outcomes of clinical education. Each chapter presents a research based facet of clinical education as a platform from which knowledge and future research in clinical education can occur. The authors entice the reader to reconceptualise facets of their own teaching and learning practices based on research findings, expertise and innovation.
The Heart of the Matter
Author: Alan Bleakley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 729This book challenges functional models for more aesthetic and ethical models, where communication is grounded in values systems of cultures. Here, communication is treated as a distributed phenomenon involving networks of persons, activities and artifacts, and extends beyond doctor-patient relationships to working in and across teams around patients. The purpose of the book is to stimulate thinking about how patient care and safety may be improved through a focus upon the ‘non-technical’ work of doctors – interpersonal communication, teamwork and situation awareness in teams. The focus is then not on the personality of the doctor, but on the dynamics of relationships which form doctors’ multiple identities.
View: 4432Advances in Professional Education Research and Application / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Professional Education in a concise format. The editors have built Advances in Professional Education Research and Application / 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Professional Education in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Professional Education Research and Application / 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Author: Andrew Wear
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
View: 837The social history of medicine over the last fifteen years has redrawn the boundaries of medical history. Specialised papers and monographs have contributed to our knowledge of how medicine has affected society and how society has shaped medicine. This book synthesises, through a series of essays, some of the most significant findings of this 'new social history' of medicine. The period covered ranges from ancient Greece to the present time. While coverage is not exhaustive, the reader is able to trace how medicine in the West developed from an unlicensed open market place, with many different types of practitioners in the classical period, to the nineteenth- and twentieth-century professionalised medicine of State influence, of hospitals, public health medicine, and scientific medicine. The book also covers innovatory topics such as patient-doctor relationships, the history of the asylum, and the demographic background to the history of medicine.
Theory, Evidence and Practice
Author: Debra Nestel,Margaret Bearman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
View: 6603Simulated Patient Methodology is a timely book, aimed athealth professional educators and Simulated Patient (SP)practitioners. It connects theory and evidence with practice toensure maximum benefit for those involved in SP programmes, inorder to inform practice and promote innovation. The book providesa unique, contemporary, global overview of SP practice, for allhealth sciences educators. Simulated Patient Methodology: • Provides a cross-disciplinary overview of thefield • Considers practical issues such as recruiting andtraining simulated patients, and the financial planning of SPprogrammes • Features case studies, illustrating theory inpractice, drawn from across health professions and countries, toensure relevance to localised contexts Written by world leaders in the field, this invaluable resourcesummarises the theoretical and practical basis of all human-basedsimulation methodologies.