Advances in Human Palaeopathology

Author: Ron Pinhasi,Simon Mays

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047072417X

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 3069

This volume presents a truly integrated methodological and biocultural approach to the expanding discipline of human palaeopathology. The book provides researchers and practitioners with a comprehensive guide to the main methods and techniques that are currently available for studying diseases and related conditions from human skeletal remains. It also describes the ways in which these methods can be applied to the reconstruction of health and disease in the past. The first part of the book deals with the survival of palaeopathological evidence and provides an up-to-date account of some of the latest techniques for studying disease in ancient remains. These include imaging techniques, such as radiography and CT scanning, and biochemical and histological analyses. Part two discusses the diagnosis and interpretation of particular classes of disease. The emphasis here is on what can be learnt by taking a biocultural or holistic approach to the study of disease frequencies at a population level. Combines theoretical, methodological and diagnostic aspects with key biocultural approaches. Includes overviews of the latest applicable techniques from molecular biology, biochemistry, histopathology and medical imaging. Written by an international team of experts. This book is an invaluable resource for biological anthropologists and archaeologists who study health and disease in past populations. It is also of interest to medical researchers dealing with epidemiological, diagnostic and pathophysiological aspects of diseases, who need a perspective upon the ways in which particular diseases affected earlier generations. Praise from the reviews: “... This book offers an impressive amount of information for both students and more advanced researchers. Its value lies in the vast expertise the contributors have to offer, with all of them being experts with long-standing careers in their respective fields, as well as the geographical distribution of examples that are given to illustrate specific diseases... outstanding and it truly is an important resource for anyone interested in palaeopathology.” PALEOPATHOLOGY NEWSLETTER “The strengths of the book are numerous, but I am especially impressed with the clarity of presentation... I strongly recommend the book, and plan on using it in my classes as assigned reading to emphasize the very complex nature of diagnosis and its essential role of providing baseline information for interpreting health profiles of ancient populations.” THE QUARTERLY REVIEW OF BIOLOGY “It may be asked if we really need yet another book on paleopathology, especially because there are many acclaimed sources available. In this case, the answer must be a resounding ‘‘Yes!’’...Visually and textually, this volume is of exceptional value for guiding future generations of paleopathologists.” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY "Pinhasi and Mays have produced an excellent, balanced compilation that reflects what is currently happening in paleopathology research and that nicely addresses paleopathology as both discipline and tool, highlighting technical advanced and schooling us on how disease manifests in the human skeleton. This is valuable resource that students and professionals interested in human paloepathology should consider adding to their libraries." AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN BIOLOGY


Eine Einführung

Author: Wolfgang Eckart,Robert Jütte

Publisher: UTB

ISBN: 3825239276

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 9231

Grundlagen der Medizingeschichte: Medizingeschichte ist nicht nur Pflichtfach im Medizinstudium, sie hat mittlerweile auch Eingang in die Geschichts- und Sozialwissenschaften gefunden. Das Studienbuch bietet einen Überblick über die Medizingeschichtsschreibung der letzten 200 Jahre und vermittelt das methodische und fachliche Rüstzeug zur weitergehenden Beschäftigung mit medizinhistorischen Themen. Die methodisch-theoretischen Ansätze reichen von der Ideen- und Sozialgeschichte über die Geschlechter- und Körpergeschichte bis zu den Teil- und Nachbardisziplinen – etwa der Pharmaziegeschichte, der Pflegegeschichte oder der Geschichte der Alternativen Medizin. Die wichtigsten Grundbegriffe und forschungsleitenden Theoreme wie Medikalisierung, Volksmedizin, Schulmedizin oder, hier neu, Biopolitik werden erläutert. Das hier in zweiter, überarbeiteter und ergänzter Auflage vorgelegte Studienbuch bietet eine systematische und informative Einführung in die gesamte Bandbreite der Medizingeschichte.

A Companion to Paleopathology

Author: Anne L. Grauer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119111633

Category: Science

Page: 628

View: 3888

This title offers a broad overview of the field that has evolved over the last few decades into an exploration of disease processes in the human skeleton.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191650390

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 1281

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.

Biomolecular Archaeology

An Introduction

Author: T. A. Brown,Keri Brown

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444392432

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 2043

Illustrated thoroughly, Biomolecular Archaeology is the first book to clearly guide students through the study of ancient DNA: how to analyze biomolecular evidence (DNA, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates) to address important archaeological questions. The first book to address the scope and methods of this new cross-disciplinary area of research for archaeologists Offers a completely up-to-date overview of the latest research in this innovative subject Guides students who wish to become biomolecular archaeologists through the complexities of both the scientific methods and archaeological goals. Provides an essential component to undergraduate and graduate archaeological research

Der Mann im Eis

Neue Funde und Ergebnisse

Author: Konrad Spindler,Elisabeth Rastbichler-Zissernig,Harald Wilfing,Dieter zur Nedden,Hans Nothdurfter

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3709165997

Category: Science

Page: 325

View: 6895


Romeis - Mikroskopische Technik

Author: Maria Mulisch,Ulrich Welsch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 382742254X

Category: Science

Page: 556

View: 6719

Der ROMEIS ist seit fast 100 Jahren das Standardwerk der mikroskopischen Technik. Über 17 Auflagen hat dieses Methodenbuch die Entwicklung der lichtmikroskopischen Verfahren begleitet und ist bis heute ein unverzichtbares Laborhandbuch für alle Mediziner, Biologen, Mikrobiologen und Chemiker, die cytologische, histologische, pathologische oder histochemische Forschung betreiben. Der Inhalt der 18. Auflage des ROMEIS wurde aktualisiert und um viele moderne Methoden und Anwendungen der Mikroskopie erweitert.


Diagnostik makroskopischer, histologischer und radiologischer Strukturveränderungen des Skeletts

Author: Claus-Peter Adler

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662121603

Category: Medical

Page: 592

View: 5991

Dieses interdisziplinäre Nachschlagewerk bietet Ihnen das Fundament für Ihre exakte Diagnose und gezielte Therapie-Planung. o Sie erhalten einen praxisorientierten Überblick über alle modernen und etablierten Diagnostik-Verfahren. o Didaktisch übersichtlich stehen die jeweiligen radiologischen und pathologisch-anatomischen Strukturen dem Text gegenüber. o Kurzgefaßte Therapievorschläge ergänzen die diagnostischen Richtlinien. => Das aktuelle Nachschlagewerk für die multidisziplinäre Zusammenarbeit von Orthopäden, Radiologen, Rheumatologen und Pathologen. Schnell * präzise * praxisgerecht

Handbuch diagnostische Radiologie

Muskuloskelettales System 1

Author: A. Stäbler,Jürgen Freyschmidt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540263896

Category: Medical

Page: 487

View: 4662

Im ersten Skelettband werden die verschiedenen Untersuchungstechniken ausführlich vorgestellt. Es folgt eine umfangreiche Darstellung der Skelettszintigraphie. Hier wird besonders auf für bestimmte Krankheitsentitäten hochspezifische Muster und deren klinischen sowie radiologischen Hintergrund (Projektionsradiographie, Computertomographie und Magnetresonanztomographie) synoptisch eingegangen. Die traumatologischen Kapitel beinhalten aktuelle Darstellungen der gesamten radiologischen Diagnostik in der Traumatologie einschließlich sämtlicher gebräuchlicher Frakturklassifikationen unter Berücksichtigung der Mehrzeilen-Computertomographie.


Author: Arnold Van Gennep

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 9783593378367

Category: Rites and ceremonies

Page: 258

View: 4674



Algorithmen, Computer, Arithmetik

Author: Jörg Arndt,Christoph Haenel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 366209360X

Category: Computers

Page: 264

View: 1334


Social Bioarchaeology

Author: Sabrina C. Agarwal,Bonnie A. Glencross

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444390520

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 7393

Illustrates new methodological directions in analyzing human social and biological variation Offers a wide array of research on past populations around the globe Explains the central features of bioarchaeological research by key researchers and established experts around the world

Waffen in Aktion

Akten der 16. Internationalen Roman Military Equipment Conference (ROMEC), Xanten, 13.-16. Juni 2007

Author: Alexandra W. Busch,Hans-Joachim Schalles

Publisher: Philipp Von Zabern Verlag Gmbh

ISBN: 9783805342223

Category: History

Page: 385

View: 9607


Palaeopathology of Aboriginal Australians

Health and Disease Across a Hunter-Gatherer Continent

Author: Stephen Webb

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521110495

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 340

View: 3397

While their health has suffered enormously because of the arrival of the Europeans, it is assumed that Aboriginal people enjoyed good health before 1788. Using data collected from all parts of the continent, this 1995 book studies the health of Australia's original inhabitants over 50,000 years. It represents the first continental survey of its kind and is the first to quantify and describe key aspects of Australian hunter-gatherer health. The book takes a theoretical approach to Upper Pleistocene regional epidemiology and presents empirical data of the health of late Pleistocene and Holocene populations. Major categories of disease described are: stress, osteoarthritis, fractures, congenital deformations, neoplasms and non-specific and treponemal infections. The author also describes surgical techniques used by Aboriginal people. Offering fresh insight into the study of Australian prehistory and Aboriginal culture, this book will be accessible to specialists and general readers alike. It illuminates the origins of human disease, and will fill a gap in our knowledge of health in the Australasian region.

Medicine in the Crusades

Warfare, Wounds and the Medieval Surgeon

Author: Piers D. Mitchell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521844550

Category: History

Page: 293

View: 8399

Presents a detailed description of medieval medical treatments available during the Crusades.