Advances in Cell Mechanics

Author: Shaofan Li,Bohua Sun

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642175902

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 316

View: 4499

"Advances in Cell Mechanics" presents the latest developments in cell mechanics and biophysics, mainly focusing on interdisciplinary research in cell biology and the biophysics of cells. Moreover, a unique feature of the book is its emphasis on the molecular and complex continuum modeling and simulations of the cells. It may be the first work that brings rigorous and quantitative scientific analysis and state-of-the-art simulation technology into cell biology research. The book is intended for researchers and graduate students working in the fields of molecular cell biology, bio-engineering and bio-mechanics, soft matter physics, computational mechanics, bio-chemistry and bio-medicine. All contributors are leading scholars in their respective fields. Dr. Shaofan Li is a professor and an expert for computational mechanics at the University of California-Berkeley, USA; Dr. Bohua Sun is a professor at Cape Peninsula University of Technology, South Africa.
Release

Cell Mechanics

Author: Yu-Li Wang,Dennis E. Discher

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080548708

Category: Science

Page: 632

View: 382

Cell mechanics is the field of study that looks at how cells detect, modify, and respond to the physical properties of the cell environment. Cells communicate with each other through chemical and physical signals which are involved in a range of process from embryogenesis and wound healing to pathological conditions such as cancerous invasion. Similar principles are also likely to be critical for success in regenerative medicine. Cell mechanics is thus central to understanding these principles. As cell mechanics draws from the fields of biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, and mathematics, this book aims not only to provide a collection of research methods, but also to develop a common language among scientists who share the interest in cell mechanics but enter the field with diverse backgrounds. To this end all of the contributing authors have sought to explain in plain language the nature of the biological problems, the rationale for the approaches, in addition to the methods themselves. In addition, to balance practical utility against conceptual advances, Cell Mechanics has intentionally included both chapters that provide detailed recipes and those that emphasize basic principles. Presents a distinctive emphasis on matrix mechanics and their interplay with cell functions Includes highly significant topics relevant to basic and translational research, as well as tissue engineering Emphasizes mechanical input and output of cells
Release

Advances in Soft Matter Mechanics

Author: Shaofan Li,Bohua Sun

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642193722

Category: Science

Page: 298

View: 8769

This book covers developments in soft matter mechanics and physics from the perspective of applied and computational mechanics. It Includes a selection of recent works on the subject and details the application of soft matter mechanics on engineering problems.
Release

Nano and Cell Mechanics

Fundamentals and Frontiers

Author: Horacio D. Espinosa,Gang Bao

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111848259X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 520

View: 2670

Research in nano and cell mechanics has received much attention from the scientific community as a result of society needs and government initiatives to accelerate developments in materials, manufacturing, electronics, medicine and healthcare, energy, and the environment. Engineers and scientists are currently engaging in increasingly complex scientific problems that require interdisciplinary approaches. In this regard, studies in this field draw from fundamentals in atomistic scale phenomena, biology, statistical and continuum mechanics, and multiscale modeling and experimentation. As a result, contributions in these areas are spread over a large number of specialized journals, which prompted the Editors to assemble this book. Nano and Cell Mechanics: Fundamentals and Frontiers brings together many of the new developments in the field for the first time, and covers fundamentals and frontiers in mechanics to accelerate developments in nano- and bio-technologies. Key features: • Provides an overview of recent advances in nano and cell mechanics. • Covers experimental, analytical, and computational tools used to investigate biological and nanoscale phenomena. • Covers fundamentals and frontiers in mechanics to accelerate developments in nano- and bio-technologies. • Presents multiscale-multiphysics modeling and experimentation techniques. • Examines applications in materials, manufacturing, electronics, medicine and healthcare. Nano and Cell Mechanics: Fundamentals and Frontiers is written by internationally recognized experts in theoretical and applied mechanics, applied physics, chemistry, and biology. It is an invaluable reference for graduate students of nano- and bio-technologies, researchers in academia and industry who are working in nano and cell mechanics, and practitioners who are interested in learning about the latest analysis tools. The book can also serve as a text for graduate courses in theoretical and applied mechanics, mechanical engineering, materials science, and applied physics.
Release

Cellular and Biomolecular Mechanics and Mechanobiology

Author: Amit Gefen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642142185

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 562

View: 4144

This book describes these exciting new developments, and presents experimental and computational findings that altogether describe the frontier of knowledge in cellular and biomolecular mechanics, and the biological implications, in health and disease. The book is written for bioengineers with interest in cellular mechanics, for biophysicists, biochemists, medical researchers and all other professionals with interest in how cells produce and respond to mechanical loads.
Release

Advances in Applied Mechanics

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080564098

Category: Science

Page: 310

View: 2241

This acclaimed series provides survey articles on the present state and future direction of research in important branches of applied mechanics. Volume 31 provides the following fully referenced, and comprehensive articles: A New Integrable Shallow Water Equation discusses the initial value problem and soliton solutions for a newly discovered, completely integrable, dispersive shallow water equation as well as the elastic collision properties of the N-soliton solution The Onset and Development of Thermal Convection in Fully Developed Shear Flows focuses on a few basic states involving a Boussinesq fluid and fully developed forced flows, mainly of the Couette or Poiseuille type Vortex Element Methods for Flow Simulation covers vortex patches and filaments and a critical account of difficulties, limitations, and continuing efforts to improve the simulations of laminar or peturbulent flows through the use of vortex elementmethods Micromechanics Constitutive Description of Thermoelastic Martensitic Transformations is concerned with the micromechanics description of transformation plasticity, incorporating microstructure, crystallography, thermodynamics and micromechanics into the continuum formulation of the macroscopic constitutive behavior.
Release

Muscle Biophysics

From Molecules to Cells

Author: Rassier Dilson J.E

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441963666

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 8515

Muscle contraction has been the focus of scientific investigation for more than two centuries, and major discoveries have changed the field over the years. Early in the twentieth century, Fenn (1924, 1923) showed that the total energy liberated during a contraction (heat + work) was increased when the muscle was allowed to shorten and perform work. The result implied that chemical reactions during contractions were load-dependent. The observation underlying the “Fenn effect” was taken to a greater extent when Hill (1938) published a pivotal study showing in details the relation between heat production and the amount of muscle shortening, providing investigators with the force-velocity relation for skeletal muscles. Subsequently, two papers paved the way for the current paradigm in the field of muscle contraction. Huxley and Niedergerke (1954), and Huxley and Hanson (1954) showed that the width of the A-bands did not change during muscle stretch or activation. Contraction, previously believed to be caused by shortening of muscle filaments, was associated with sliding of the thick and thin filaments. These studies were followed by the classic paper by Huxley (1957), in which he conceptualized for the first time the cross-bridge theory; filament sliding was driven by the cyclical interactions of myosin heads (cross-bridges) with actin. The original cross-bridge theory has been revised over the years but the basic features have remained mostly intact. It now influences studies performed with molecular motors responsible for tasks as diverse as muscle contraction, cell division and vesicle transport.
Release

Advances in Heterogeneous Material Mechanics 2011

Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Heterogeneous Material Mechanics : May 22-26, 2011, Shanghai, China

Author: Jinghong Fan,Junqian Zhang,Haibo Chen,Zhaohui Jin

Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc

ISBN: 1605950548

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1174

View: 2343

The third book in a series on heterogeneous materials, this volume offers integrated approaches to the measurement and modeling of materials using approaches from materials science, physics, mechanics, biology and other disciplines. The volume contains 289 chapters presenting original research on the connections among the nano- , micro-, and mesoscale mechanical properties and behaviors of many different types of engineered and natural heterogeneous materials. The book contains a wealth of never published multiscale data on materials loading behaviors, plasticity, creep, damage, fracture and failure. A separate section is devoted to the design and functionalization of materials using multiscale data and techniques
Release

Recent Advances in Experimental Mechanics

In Honor of Isaac M. Daniel

Author: E.E. Gdoutos,Isaac M. Daniel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402006837

Category: Science

Page: 798

View: 2847

This state-of-the-art volume covers a wide range of subjects in experimental mechanics including optical methods of stress analysis (photoelasticity, moirè, etc.), composite materials, sandwich construction, fracture mechanics, fatigue and damage, nondestructive evaluation, dynamic problems, foam, materials, fiber optic sensors, speckle metrology, digital image processing, nanotechnology, neutron diffraction and synchrotron radiation methods. Written by leading scientists in the field, the book contains 71 papers presented at the Symposium on "Recent Advances in Experimental Mechanics", which was organized in honor of Professor I.M. Daniel at Virginia Tech, on June 23-28, 2002. The book presents a thorough review of the latest problems of experimental mechanics. It is a vital supplement and reference source for researchers, practicing engineers and students.
Release

Advances in Damage Mechanics

Metals and Metal Matrix Composites

Author: G. Z. Voyiadjis,Peter Issa Kattan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080436012

Category: Science

Page: 541

View: 4985

This book provides in a single and unified volume a clear and thorough presentation of the recent advances in continuum damage mechanics for metals and metal matrix composites. Emphasis is placed on the theoretical formulation of the different constitutive models in this area, but sections are added to demonstrate the applications of the theory. In addition, some sections contain new material that has not appeared before in the literature. The book is divided into three major parts: Part I deals with the scalar formulation and is limited to the analysis of isotropic damage in materials; Parts II and III deal with the tensor formulation and is applied to general states of deformation and damage. The material appearing in this text is limited to plastic deformation and damage in ductile materials (e.g. metals and metal matrix composites) but excludes many of the recent advances made in creep, brittle fracture, and temperature effects since the authors feel that these topics require a separate volume for this presentation. Furthermore, the applications presented in this book are the simplest possible ones and are mainly based on the uniaxial tension test.
Release

Recent Advances in Fluid Mechanics

Author: P.L. Sachdev,M Venkatachalappa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789056991531

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 360

View: 493

This unique monograph presents a collection of papers by leading international fluid dynamicists and applied mathematicians demonstrating the latest state of the art in fluid mechanics. The vast scope and breadth of this subject is illustrated with sections covering evolution in flow problems, convection and transport phenomena, dynamics of atmosphere, and wave propagation.
Release

Advances in Biopreservation

Author: John G. Baust,John M. Baust

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420004229

Category: Science

Page: 426

View: 3802

Moving rapidly from science fiction to science fact, cryopreservation is an integral part of many research, development, and production processes in industry and academia. The preservation sciences have emerged as an interdisciplinary platform that incorporates the fundamentals of cell and molecular biology, and bioengineering, with the classic methodological approaches to freezing and drying living matter. Researchers and biotech companies must scramble to learn about, and adopt, the new preservation strategies that incorporate the classic and the new molecular-based approaches. The first reference of its kind, Advances in Biopreservation addresses the breadth of the field of biopreservation. Written by recognized international leaders in biopreservation, the book expertly integrates recent molecular-based discoveries with classically-based biopreservation basics, offering a new look at advances in the emerging regenerative medicine arena. In addition to general concepts of biopreservation, it includes chapters detailing subspecialty principles, such as biologically active macromolecules, stem cells, and gene therapy, as well as new protocols for cell, tissue, and organ preservation. The classically based approaches to biopreservation are now recognized as bottlenecks to advances in the emerging regenerative medicine arena. Recent discoveries have changed the basic foundations upon which the preservation sciences were built. Integrating the concepts of first generation cryopreservation with the new paradigm, this book is a fundamental reference to the latest advances in the field.
Release

Advances in Applied Mechanics

Author: Erik Van Der Giessen,Theodore Y. Wu

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780120020386

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 5867

Mechanics is defined as a branch of physics that focuses on motion and the reaction of physical systems to internal and external forces. This highly acclaimed series provides survey articles on the present state and future direction of research in important branches of applied solid and fluid mechanics.
Release

Advances in Ovum Research and Application: 2012 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464994153

Category: Medical

Page: 415

View: 819

Advances in Ovum Research and Application / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Ovum. The editors have built Advances in Ovum Research and Application / 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Ovum in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Ovum Research and Application / 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Release

Physical Sciences and Engineering Advances in Life Sciences and Oncology

A WTEC Global Assessment

Author: Paul Janmey,Daniel Fletcher,Sharon Gerecht,Ross Levine,Parag Mallick,Owen McCarty,Lance Munn,Cynthia Reinhart-King

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319179306

Category: Science

Page: 403

View: 938

This book presents an Assessment of Physical Sciences and Engineering Advances in Life Sciences and Oncology (APHELION) by a panel of experts. It covers the status and trends of applying physical sciences and engineering principles to oncology research in leading laboratories and organizations in Europe and Asia. The book elaborates on the six topics identified by the panel that have the greatest potential to advance understanding and treatment of cancer, each covered by a chapter in the book. The study was sponsored by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) at the National Institute of Health (NIH), the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering at the NIH in the US under a cooperative agreement with the World Technology Evaluation Center (WTEC).
Release

Integrative Mechanobiology

Micro- and Nano- Techniques in Cell Mechanobiology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1107078393

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1300

Release

Advances in Hemodynamics and Hemorheology

Author: T.V. How

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080551562

Category: Science

Page: 449

View: 5980

This series presents reviews covering all aspects of haemodynamics and haemorheology. Topics covered include the complexities of microcirculation, the rheology of blood and blood vessels, and the mechanics of blood flow in arteries and veins. The contributions aim to reflect the advances being made in experimental techniques and instrumentation for laboratory and clinical measurements and in numerical and mathematical modelling. Emphasis is placed on the scientific and engineering principles involved, but particular attention is also given to the clinical significance of this area of research. Topics covered by this volume include viscoelastic properties of blood and blood analogues; blood flow through narrow tubes; and numerical modelling of blood flow.
Release

Biology and Engineering of Stem Cell Niches

Author: Ajaykumar Vishwakarma,Jeffrey M Karp

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128027568

Category: Science

Page: 642

View: 5639

Biology and Engineering of Stem Cell Niches covers a wide spectrum of research and current knowledge on embryonic and adult stem cell niches, focusing on the understanding of stem cell niche molecules and signaling mechanisms, including cell-cell/cell-matrix interactions. The book comprehensively reviews factors regulating stem cell behavior and the corresponding approaches for understanding the subsequent effect of providing the proper matrix molecules, mechanical cues, and/or chemical cues. It encompasses a variety of tools and techniques for developing biomaterials-based methods to model synthetic stem cell niches in vivo, or to enhance and direct stem cell fate in vitro. A final section of the book discusses stem cell niche bioengineering strategies and current advances in each tissue type. Includes the importance of Cell-Cell and Cell Matrix Interactions in each specific tissue and system Authored and edited by authorities in this emerging and multidisciplinary field Includes valuable links to 5-10 minute YouTube© author videos that describe main points
Release

Recent Advances in Computational Mechanics

Author: Tomasz Łodygowski,Jerzy Rakowski,Przemysław Litewka

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315775484

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 2532

Recent Advances in Computational Mechanics contains selected papers presented at the jubilee 20th Conference on Computer Methods in Mechanics (CMM 2013), which took place from 27 to 31 August 2013 at the Poznan University of Technology. The first Polish Conference on Computer Methods in Mechanics was held in Poznan ́ in 1973. This very successful meeting initiated a series of conferences organized every two years by different Polish universities. Over the years the series gained an increasingly international character. The common general objective of the CMM conferences is to provide a forum for presentation and discussion of new ideas referring to the theoretical background and practical applications of computational mechanics. The program of each conference reflects current extensive research in this field of science. This proceedings volume addresses various aspects of computational mechanics, including advanced analysis of structures, modelling of material properties, damage mechanics, contact mechanics, biomechanics, heat transfer and coupled problems. This book will be of interest to students, researchers and practitioners in the fields of structural mechanics, mechanical engineering, material technology and biomechanics.
Release

Advances in Cytoskeleton Research and Application: 2012 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 146499482X

Category: Science

Page: 327

View: 1074

Advances in Cytoskeleton Research and Application / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Cytoskeleton. The editors have built Advances in Cytoskeleton Research and Application / 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Cytoskeleton in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Cytoskeleton Research and Application / 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Release