Action Theory

A Primer for Applied Research in the Social Sciences

Author: Ladislav Valach,Richard Anthony Young,M. Judith Lynam

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275970864

Category: Psychology

Page: 268

View: 6137

Presents a theory of goal directed action, helping us see our everyday behavior in a systematic manner relevant to our lives.
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Praxeologie gegen Rational Action Theory. Über die Aktualität der Kritik Bourdieus am Rational Choice

Author: André Walter

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640194705

Category:

Page: 40

View: 2911

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2008 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Methodologie und Methoden, Note: 1,7, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitat Jena (Institut fur Soziologie), Veranstaltung: Einfuhrung in die Praxistheorie Pierre Bourdieus, 12 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Zeit seines Lebens rekurrierte Bourdieu bei der Darlegung seiner Handlungstheorie, der Praxeologie, auf die philosophische Stromung des Utilitarismus und der daraus entstandenen Handlungstheorie, Rational Choice oder Rational Action Theory genannt1. Im Focus dieser Arbeit steht die Auseinandersetzung Bourdieus mit dem soziologischen Ansatz des Rational Choice. Dabei soll explizit die Aktualitat der Kritik von Bourdieu gepruft und kritisch untersucht werden. Zu Beginn wird Bourdieus Praxeologie in seinen Grundbegriffen wie Habitus, Feld, Kapital und sozialer Raum dargestellt. Diese dienen als Grundlage seiner Kritik und zeigen gleichzeitig, wie Bourdieu versucht, die methodischen Probleme und Grundlagen des Rational Choice zu uberwinden. Des Weiteren werden die Grundideen und Grundzuge des Rational Choice dargelegt. Da jedoch keine einheitliche Theorie existiert, sondern eine Vielzahl unterschiedlicher Ansatze, wird im Rahmen dieser Arbeit Bezug auf das Fundament aller Rational Choiceansatze, wie zum Beispiel den methodologischen Individualismus, genommen. Ferner konnen aufgrund der Begrenztheit dieser Arbeit nicht alle Ansatze behandelt werden. Dennoch wird auf einige Ansatze rekurriert, die versuchen, Bourdieus Kritik und Praxeologie zu entkraften. Nach einer Darstellung beider Ansatze wird Bourdieus Kritik am Rational Choice einer kritischen Prufung unterzogen und auf seine Aktualitat hin untersucht. Dabei soll herausgestellt werden, ob die Kritik noch adaquat ist, oder ob die Theoretiker des Rational Choice die Einwande entkraften und uberwinden konnten. Zum Schluss wird diskutiert, inwieweit Bourdieus Kritik gegen den heutigen Rational Choice noch Bestand hat oder ob seine Krit"
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Action Theory

Methodological Studies

Author: Helmut Staubmann

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825875022

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 7643

The volume explores the legacy of the general theory of action in order to exploit it for contemporary debates on the methodology of the social sciences. It includes the important but so far unpublished Parsons manuscript "The Sociology of Knowledge and the History of Ideas" and essays by Thomas Fararo (University of Pittsburgh): "On the Foundations of Action Theory"; Victor Lidz (Drexel University) and Harold Bershady (University of Pennsylvania): "Parsons' Tacit Metatheory"; Giuseppe Sciortino (Universit degli studi di Trento): "Toward a Structural Theory of Social Pluralism"; David Sciulli (Texas A&M University): "Reformulating Parsons' Theory for Comparative Research Today"; Helmut Staubmann (University of Innsbruck): "The Affective Structure of the Social World." Helmut Staubmann is professor at the Institute for Sociology at the Leopold-Franzens-University, Innsbruck (Austria).
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Action Theory

Proceedings of the Winnipeg Conference on Human Action, Held at Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, 9–11 May 1975

Author: M. Brand,Douglas Walton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401090742

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

View: 8917

Proceedings of the Winnipeg Conference on Human Action, held at Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, 9-11 May 1975
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Alternative Action Theory

Simultaneously a Critique of Georg Henrik von Wright’s Practical Philosophy

Author: Ota Weinberger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401150621

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 9990

Action is conceived of as an intentional behavior of an individual or of an institutional subject; it is determined by information processing, namely by a process in which pieces of descriptive and practical information are involved. Action is explained by a formal and finalistic theory which is connected with a specific theory of institutions. The philosophical basis of the logic of norm sentences and of other systems of practical thinking (formal teleology, axiology, logic of preferences) is discussed. The author criticizes traditional deontic logic and argues in favor of a genuine logic of norms. The book gives a structure analysis of the so-called practical inference and of nomic causal propositions. Besides a critical account of von Wright's practical philosophy the author offers critical analyses of discourse rationality (Habermas, Apel, Alexy) and of Wittgenstein's views on philosophizing. The book addresses readers interested in philosophical logic, practical philosophy, sociology of institutions, legal philosophy, and theory democracy.
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Action Theory and Communication Research

Recent Developments in Europe. (Mouton Textbook)

Author: Karsten Renckstorf,Denis McQuail,Judith E. Rosenbaum,Gabi Schaap

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110197383

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 385

View: 2491

The action theoretical approach has already proved its value as a framework for communication research, most especially in the study of media audiences and media use. It has deep roots in Weberian sociology, symbolic interactionism and phenomenology and it has been a robust survivor of the various storms that have beset the practice of the social sciences since the collapse of structuralist and social system paradigms. The social action approach privileges the perspective of the acting individual but offers guidelines for connecting the subjective orientation with networks of social interaction and for treating 'behaviour' as a social process. Research within this framework takes account of the wider social context and calls for a careful combination of empirical observation and interpretation, with a corresponding diversity of methodologies. The appeal of the approach stems also from its flexibility, wide range of applications and sensitivity to cultural and social meanings. The contributions assembled in this book, despite their diversity, can all be placed within the framework of social action theory. Some are reports of empirical inquiries, others reflections on theory but each one sheds some light on the significance of media use in everyday experience and contributes to an understanding of communication in society.
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Situational Action Theory: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199803613

Category: Social Science

Page: 14

View: 5099

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.
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Collective Action Theory and Empirical Evidence

Author: Ronald A. Francisco

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441914765

Category: Political Science

Page: 116

View: 7051

This book comprises empirical tests of the theoretical implications of collective action theory specifically with regard to mobilization. It is based on the author’s European Protest and Coercion Data, which won the Comparative Politics Section of American Political Science Association award for the best data set in 2007. The data is supplemented by historical investigations as well as other research. The volume is divided into six chapters. The introduction covers the theory of collective action in its many manifestations as well as the process of drawing out theoretical implications. The second chapter goes to the core of the mobilization issues, especially with regard to the role of leadership, which is inextricably linked to mobilization. The third chapter applies the concept of adaptation to the development of more productive tactics that promote mobilization in support of a public good and minimize the possibility of repression. In chapter four, five spatial hypotheses based on rationality and formal theories are developed and the role of time in protests is addressed. The fifth chapter focuses on the fundamental problems of terror with evidence from the Basque region of Spain and France from Ireland against the Provisional Irish Republican Army. The final chapter surveys the empirical evidence and summarizes the support of collective action theory. Testing collective action theory implications with empirical evidence will appeal to political scientists, sociologists, economists and researchers concerned with mobilization.
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Action Theory and Social Science

Some Formal Models

Author: I. Pörn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401012687

Category: Philosophy

Page: 138

View: 3851

This book is intended as a contribution to the foundations of the sciences of man, especially the social sciences. It has been argued with increasing frequency in recent years that the vocabulary of social science is to a large extent an action vocabulary and that any attempt to systematize concepts and establish bases for understanding in the field cannot, therefore, succeed unless it is firmly built on action theory. I think that these claims are sub stantially correct, but at the same time it seems to me that action theory, as it is relevant to social science, still awaits vital contributions from logic and philosophy. For example, it has often been said, rightly I believe, that situa tions in which two or more agents interact constitute the subject-matter of social science. But have we got an action theory which is rich enough or com prehensive enough to allow us to characterize the interaction situation? I think not. Once we have such a theory, however, we should be able to give an accurate account of central social phenomena and to articulate our concep tions about the nature of social reality. The conceptual scheme advanced in this book consists, in the first instance, of solutions to a number of characterization problems, i. e. problems which may be expressed by questions of the form "What is the nature of . . .
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Advancing Reasoned Action Theory

Author: Michael Hennessy

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452242534

Category: Psychology

Page: 188

View: 8785

Dedicated to Martin Fishbein, the premier social psychologist in the area of attitude and attitude change, this volume focuses on his work as the codeveloper of reasoned action theory—an approach to behavioral prediction and change that has been used in thousands of research studies. Immediately after Fishbein’s death, the Annenberg Public Policy Center at the University of Pennsylvania established a memorial lecture series in his honor. This volume offers ten formal papers derived from those lectures, starting with a summary of the evolution of reasoned action theory and a quantitative analysis of the current approach, followed by a discussion of ways to expand the capacity of the theory, and concluding with current examples of state-of-the-art applications of reasoned action theory focusing on different types of behavioral interventions. These articles attest to the general applicability of the theory and the heterogeneous contexts in which the theory can be productively applied. Together, they compose the most up-to-date treatment of the quantitative analysis of reasoned action theory currently available, and they show that there is considerable justification for comparing the reasoned action approach to other well-known scientific theories. This volume will appeal to students of political sociology and public health; to a multidisciplinary scholarly audience in sociology, public affairs, and social work; and to public health practitioners and foundation grant specialists.
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Contemporary Action Theory Volume 1: Individual Action

Author: Ghita Holmström-Hintikka,R. Tuomela

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401704392

Category: Philosophy

Page: 317

View: 6562

Contemporary Action Theory, Volume I (Individual Action) is concerned with topics in philosophical action theory such as reasons and causes of action, intentions, freedom of will and of action, omissions and norms in legal and ethical contexts, as well as activity, passivity and competence from medical points of view. Cognitive trying, freedom of the will and agent causation are challenges in the discussion on computers in action. The Volume consists of contributions by leading experts in the field written specifically for this volume. No comparable volume currently exists.
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Action Theory

Author: Myles Brand,Douglas N. Walton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789401090759

Category:

Page: 362

View: 9062

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Symbolic Action Theory and Cultural Psychology

Author: Ernest E. Boesch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642844979

Category: Psychology

Page: 387

View: 3076

Gustav Jahoda University of Strathclyde Ever since psychology emerged as a separate discipline about a century ago, there have been differing views as to what it is or ought to be. Some, like Ebbinghaus, saw it as a budding natural science, experimental and quantitative. Others, like Dilthey, regarded psychology in the main as a humane field of study, historical and interpretative in character. The dichotomy of "explaining" versus "understanding" has been a subject of debate ever since. Regrettably, most of the protagonists of these respec tive positions tend to view them as mutually exclusive, in spite of the fact that already Wundt had stressed that "hard" experimental and "soft" VOlkerpsychologie are both equally important. For the major part of the present century the field has been largely dominated by advocates of "hard-nosed" scientific approaches, typified first by Behaviorism and, latterly, cognitive psychology which concen trates on central processes involved in cognition. Without in any way wishing to denigrate the undoubted achievements of cognitive psycholo gy, it has its limitations that are epitomized by T. H. Huxley's dictum "The great end of life is not knowledge but action". This might well serve as the motto for the action theory of Ernest Boesch, who is one of several prominent psychologists out of harmony with the prevailing ethos. They travel under different banners such as "social constructivism", "ethogen ics" or "hermeneutics", but all share reservations about what many feel is the arid "scientism" of the mainstream.
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Action, Decision, and Intention

Studies in the Foundation of Action Theory as an Approach to Understanding Rationality and Decision

Author: Robert Audi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400946961

Category: Philosophy

Page: 136

View: 6032

Most of the papers in this collection are contributions to action theory intended to be of some relevance to one or another concern of decision theory, particularly to its application to concrete human behavior. Some of the papers touch only indirectly on problems of interest to decision theorists, but taken together they should be of use to both decision theorists and philosophers of action. Robert Audi's paper indicates how a number of questions in action theory might bear on problems in decision theory, and it suggests how some action-theoretic results may help in the construction or interpretation of theories of decision, both normative and empirical. Carl Ginet's essay lays foundations for the conception of action. His volitional framework roots actions internally and conceives them as irreducibly connected with intentionality. Hugh McCann's essay is also foundational, but stresses intention more than volition and lays some of the groundwork for assessing the rationality of intention and intentional action. In William Alston's paper, the notion of a plan as underlying (intentional) action is central, and we are given both a con ception of the structure of intentional action and a set of implicit goals and beliefs - those whose content is represented in the plan - which form an indispensable part of the basis on which the rationality of the action is to be judged.
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Cases on Worldwide E-Commerce: Theory in Action

Theory in Action

Author: Raisinghani, Mahesh S.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781591400134

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 9615

Cases on Worldwide E-Commerce: Theory in Action provides detailed case studies of opportunities and challenges in worldwide e-commerce as the Internet economy and globalization trends erase the traditional IT and geographical boundaries. The cases, based on real life experience in e-commerce will demonstrate situations and challenges for a world in which IT is no longer restricted by corporate walls.
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Rationality and Compulsion

Applying Action Theory to Psychiatry

Author: Lennart Nordenfelt

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199214853

Category: Medical

Page: 206

View: 8816

This book presents a unique examination of mental illness. Though common to many mental disorders, delusions result in actions that, though perhaps rational to the individual, might seem entirely inappropriate or harmful to others. This book shows how we may better understand delusion by examining the nature of compulsion.
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Challenges for Action Theories

Author: Michael Thielscher

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540455965

Category: Computers

Page: 146

View: 4612

A logic-based approach to the design of computing systems would, undoubtedly, offer many advantages over the imperative paradigm most commonly applied so far for programming and hardware design and, consequently, logic, again and again, has been heralded as the basis for the next generation of computer systems. While logic and formal methods are indeed gaining ground in many areas of computer science and artificial intelligence the expected revolution has not yet happened. In this book the author offers a convincing solution to the ramification problem and qualification problem associated with the frame problem and thus contributes to a satisfactory solution of the core problem and related challenges. Thielscher bases his approach on the fluent calculus, a first-order Prolog-like formalism allowing for the description of actions and change.
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