A Survey of Metaphysics

Author: E. Jonathan Lowe

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198752530

Category: Philosophy

Page: 402

View: 1138

A Survey of Metaphysics provides a systematic overview of modern metaphysics, covering all of the most important topics likely to be encountered on a metaphysics course. The conception of metaphysics underlying the book is the fairly traditional and widely-shared one that metaphysics deals with the deepest questions that can be raised concerning the fundamental structure of reality as a whole. The book is divided into six main parts, each relatively self-contained, focusing in turn on the following major themes: identity and change, necessity and essence, causation, agency and events, space and time, and universals and particulars. In an introductory chapter, the conception of metaphysics underlying the book is explained and defended against the many and varied opponents of metaphysics those students are likely to encounter. While the book makes reference when necessary to the history of metaphysics, its emphasis is on contemporary views and issues. The author's approach is not narrowly partisan, but avoids bland neutrality in matters of controversy.

The Possibility of Metaphysics:Substance, Identity, and Time

Substance, Identity, and Time

Author: E. J. Lowe

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 9780198236832

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 1395

Jonathan Lowe argues that metaphysics should be restored to a central position in philosophy, as the most fundamental form of rational inquiry, whose findings underpin those of all other disciplines. He portrays metaphysics as charting the possibilities of existence, by identifying the categories of being and the relations of ontological dependency between entities of different categories. He proceeds to set out a unified and original metaphysical system: he defends a substanceontology, according to which the existence of the world as one world in time depends upon the existence of persisting things which retain their identity over time and through processes of qualitative change. And he contends that even necessary beings, such as the abstract objects of mathematics, dependultimately for their existence upon there being a concrete world of enduring substances. Within his system of metaphysics Lowe seeks to answer many of the deepest and most challenging questions in philosophy.


A Critical Survey of its Meaning

Author: Takatura Ando

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401507600

Category: Philosophy

Page: 125

View: 8427

In the summer of I960 I visited Oxford and stayed there several months. This book was written as some slight memorial of my days in that ancient seat of learning. It is my pleasant duty to acknowledge the great debt I own to Mr. D. Lyness in the task of putting it into English. In addition I remember with gratitude Dr. J. L. Ackrill of Brasenose College, who gave me unfailing encouragement, and also Dr. R. A. Rees of Jesus College, who read my manuscript through and subjected it to a minute revision. Lastly for permission to quote from Sir W. D. Ross' translation of Aristotle's Metaphysics, I have to thank the editors of Oxford University Press. T.A. Kyoto, Japan Sep. I961. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION I I. THE ORIGIN OF THE CONCEPT OF METAPHYSICS 1. Reimer's Theory 3 2. Aristotle's Metaphysics 6 II. THE TRADITION OF THE CONCEPT OF METAPHYSICS I. Ancient Interpretations 17 Arabian School 20 2.

The Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics

Author: Michael J. Loux,Dean W. Zimmerman

Publisher: Oxford Handbooks

ISBN: 9780199284221

Category: Philosophy

Page: 724

View: 2293

Some of the world's specialists provide in this handbook essays about what kinds of things there are, in what ways they exist, and how they relate to each other. They give the word on such topics as identity, modality, time, causation, persons and minds, freedom, and vagueness.

Process Philosophy

A Survey of Basic Issues

Author: Nicholas Rescher

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 0822973936

Category: Philosophy

Page: 144

View: 2775

Process Philosophy surveys the basic issues and controversies surrounding the philosophical approach known as “process philosophy.” Process philosophy views temporality, activity, and change as the cardinal factors for our understanding of the real—process has priority over product, both ontologically and epistemically. Rescher examines the movement's historical origins, reflecting a major line of thought in the work of such philosophers as Heracleitus, Leibniz, Bergson, Peirce, William James, and especially A. N. Whitehead.

A survey of buddhist thought

Highlights of buddhist philosophy

Author: Dr. Alfred R. Scheepers

Publisher: Uitgeverij Abraxas / Olive Press

ISBN: 9079133167

Category: Philosophy

Page: 382

View: 7092

Tracing the development of Buddhist thought from a primarily philosophical and epistemological point of view, this wide-ranging study covers a period of more than 2,000 years, following Buddhism from its homeland, India, through its expansion into China and Japan. The diverse historical and cultural settings of Buddhism are considered, and the significant changes and shifts in Buddhist thought are placed in context with the remarkable degree of continuity that has been maintained. Included are discussions of early Buddhist schools in India and South-East Asia, the differences between the two main branches of Buddhism, and the development of Zen philosophies in Japan.

The meaning of philosophy

a survey of the problems of philosophy and of the opinions of philosophers

Author: Joseph Gerard Brennan

Publisher: N.A


Category: Philosophy

Page: 500

View: 1362


Esoterik als Grundsatz und als Weg

Author: Frithjof Schuon

Publisher: tredition

ISBN: 3847241796

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 388

View: 7169

Esoterik ist für Frithjof Schuon die Innenseite oder der Kern der Religion, deren Außenseite oder Hülle die Exoterik ist. Dieses Buch ist eine Fundgrube dafür, was Esoterik vom metaphysischen Grundsatz her und im Hinblick auf die Verwirklichung durch den geistigen Weg bedeutet. Es enthält Kapitel über Metaphysik, Kosmologie, Anthropologie, Ästhetik und Kunst sowie aufschlussreiche Einblicke in die Sinnbildlichkeit verschiedener Überlieferungen. Zum Inhalt gehören eine tiefsinnige metaphysische Betrachtung über das Doppelgesicht der Welt anhand des Begriffes des Schleiers, Einblicke in die überlieferungstreue Kosmologie anhand einer Lehre über Zahlen sowie grundlegende und praktische Aufsätze zur Anthropologie: Tugenden, Sexualität, Gottes- und Nächstenliebe. Kapitel über Ästhetik und Kunst sowie aufschlussreiche Einblicke in die Überlieferungen der nordamerikanischen Indianer und in das Wesen des islamischen Sufitums runden das Buch ab. Frithjof Schuon (1907-1998) wird in weiten Teilen der Welt als einer der bedeutendsten religionsphilosophischen Schriftsteller des 20. Jahrhunderts angesehen. Er besaß einen außerordentlichen Einblick in die religiösen Überlieferungen der Menschheit, konnte die Vielfalt der Erscheinungen bis in ihre Tiefe durchdringen und seine Erkenntnisse in meisterhafter, oft dichterischer Sprache ausdrücken. Er gilt als führender Vertreter jener Denkrichtung, die »Sophia perennis«, »Philosophia perennis« oder »Religio perennis« (also immerwährende Weisheit, immerwährende Philosophie oder immerwährende Religion) genannt wird, und welche die zeitlosen, überall gültigen Grundsätze enthält, die den verschieden Lehren, den Sinnbildern, der heiligen Kunst und den geistigen Übungen der Weltreligionen zugrunde liegen. »Frithjof Schuon war einer der führenden Metaphysiker und Visionäre des 20. Jahrhunderts, und seine brillanten Schriften dringen außerordentlich tief in die Bedeutung und die Botschaft der großen Religionen und heiligen Überlieferungen der Menschheit ein. ›Esoterik als Grundsatz und als Weg‹ gehört zu seinen wichtigsten Werken. Es ist daher eine wunderbare Nachricht, dass dieses bedeutende Buch zum ersten Mal in seiner Muttersprache Deutsch erscheint. Möge diese Übersetzung die kostbaren Lehren dieses außergewöhnlichen, typisch deutschen Philosophen und Metaphysikers in seinem Heimatland bekannter machen.« (Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Professor an der George Washington University, Autor von »Die Erkenntnis und das Heilige«)

Language, Metaphysics, and Death

Author: John Donnelly

Publisher: Fordham Univ Press

ISBN: 9780823215829

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 381

View: 7366

This standard work in thanatology is updated with ten essays new to the second edition, and features a new introduction by Donnelly. The collection addresses certain basic issues inherent in a philosophy of death.

A Survey of Marxism

Problems in Philosophy and the Theory of History

Author: Anthony James Gregor

Publisher: N.A


Category: Communism

Page: 370

View: 9280


From the Divine to the Human

Survey of Metaphysics and Epistemology

Author: Frithjof Schuon

Publisher: N.A


Category: Knowledge, Theory of.

Page: 156

View: 6713

Schuon starts out from the conviction that Knowledge exists and that is an adequation to the Real, which is inseparable from a sense of the sacred -- the ultimate reason for human existence. With a mathematical clarity and musical profundity, these essays address not only the metaphysical foundations of belief but the miracle of human theophany.

Fundamentals of Legal Argumentation

A Survey of Theories on the Justification of Judicial Decisions

Author: Eveline T. Feteris

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9402411291

Category: Philosophy

Page: 361

View: 6313

This book is an updated and revised edition of Fundamentals of Legal Argumentation published in 1999. It discusses new developments that have taken place in the past 15 years in research of legal argumentation, legal justification and legal interpretation, as well as the implications of these new developments for the theory of legal argumentation. Almost every chapter has been revised and updated, and the chapters include discussions of recent studies, major additions on topical issues, new perspectives, and new developments in several theoretical areas. Examples of these additions are discussions of recent developments in such areas as Habermas' theory, MacCormick's theory, Alexy's theory, Artificial Intelligence and law, and the pragma-dialectical theory of legal argumentation. Furthermore it provides an extensive and systematic overview of approaches and studies of legal argumentation in the context of legal justification in various legal systems and countries that have been important for the development of research of legal argumentation. The book contains a discussion of influential theories that conceive the law and legal justification as argumentative activity. From different disciplinary and theoretical angles it addresses such topics as the institutional characteristics of the law and the relation between general standards for moral discussions and legal standards such as the Rule of Law. It discusses patterns of legal justification in the context of different types of problems in the application of the law and it describes rules for rational legal discussions. The combination of the sound basis of the first edition and the discussions of new developments make this new edition an up-to-date and comprehensive survey of the various theoretical influences which have informed the study of legal argumentation. It discusses salient backgrounds to this field as well as major approaches and trends in the contemporary research. It surveys the relevant theoretical factors both from various continental law traditions and common law countries.

Philosophy of Mind

A Contemporary Introduction

Author: John Heil

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415130603

Category: Philosophy

Page: 238

View: 3735

This comprehensive textbook, written by a leading author in the field, provides a survey of mainstream conceptions of the nature of mind accessible to readers with little or no background in philosophy. Included are the dualist, behaviourist, and functionalist accounts of the nature of mind, along with a critical assessment of recent trends in the subject. The problem of consciousness, widely thought to be the chief roadblock to our understanding of the mind, is addressed throughout the book and there is also material to interest those with a professional interest in the topic - philosophers, psychologists and neuroscientists - as well as the general reader. Unique features of Philosophy of Mind: * provides a comprehensive survey of basic concepts and major theories * contains many lucid examples to support ideas * cites key literature in annotated suggested reading and a full bibliography * contains a full index including the location of key terms and concepts.


Contemporary Readings

Author: Michael J. Loux

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415261098

Category: Philosophy

Page: 555

View: 2693

This comprehensive anthology of classic and contemporary readings by leading philosophers complements the second edition of Michael Loux's Metaphysics: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge, 2001).

Epistemic Logic

A Survey of the Logic of Knowledge

Author: Nicholas Rescher

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 0822970929

Category: Philosophy

Page: 140

View: 6721

Part of a trilogy exploring the theory of knowledge by one of the world's foremost philosophers.

The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Philosophy

Author: John Marenbon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190246979

Category: Philosophy, Medieval

Page: 770

View: 1961

This Handbook is intended to show the links between the philosophy written in the Middle Ages and that being done today. Essays by over twenty medieval specialists, who are also familiar with contemporary discussions, explore areas in logic and philosophy of language, metaphysics, epistemology, moral psychology ethics, aesthetics, political philosophy and philosophy of religion. Each topic has been chosen because it is of present philosophical interest, but a more or less similar set of questions was also discussed in the Middle Ages. No party-line has been set about the extent of the similarity. Some writers (e.g. Panaccio on Universals; Cesalli on States of Affairs) argue that there are the closest continuities. Others (e.g. Thom on Logical Form; Pink on Freedom of the Will) stress the differences. All, however, share the aim of providing new analyses of medieval texts and of writing in a manner that is clear and comprehensible to philosophers who are not medieval specialists. The Handbook begins with eleven chapters looking at the history of medieval philosophy period by period, and region by region. They constitute the fullest, most wide-ranging and up-to-date chronological survey of medieval philosophy available. All four traditions - Greek, Latin, Islamic and Jewish (in Arabic, and in Hebrew) - are considered, and the Latin tradition is traced from late antiquity through to the seventeenth century and beyond.