A New Approach to Quantum Logic

Author: Kurt Engesser,Dov M. Gabbay,Daniel Lehmann

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781904987536

Category: Mathematics

Page: 182

View: 7888

This monograph is an investigation into certain new logical structures implicit in the formalism of quantum mechanics. Its message rests on two pillars. The first pillar is the dynamic view of propositions. Propositions are viewed as acting on states of the world and changing them rather than just being true or false in them. The second pillar is a logical enquiry into the nature of the states of a dynamic framework in general and thus the nature of physical states in particular. It turns out that a physical state viewed as a logical entity must encode other states and also itself. The main logical structures under investigation are that of an M-algebra and that of a holistic logic. In a sense to be made precise the latter structures reflect the 'holistic' nature of quantum mechanics.

Quantum Logic

Author: Karl Svozil

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789814021074

Category: Computers

Page: 214

View: 449

Quantum Logic deals with the foundations of quantum mechanics and, related to it, the behaviour of finite, discrete deterministic systems. The quantum logical approach is particulalry suitable for the investigation and exclusion of certain hidden parameter models of quantum mechanics. Conversely, it can be used to embed quantum universes into classical ones. It is also highly relevant for the characterization of finite automation. This book has been written with a broad readership in mind. Great care has been given to the motivation of the concepts and to the explicit and detailed discussions of examples.

Handbook of Quantum Logic and Quantum Structures

Quantum Structures

Author: Kurt Engesser,Dov M. Gabbay,Daniel Lehmann

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080550381

Category: Computers

Page: 818

View: 6573

Since its inception in the famous 1936 paper by Birkhoff and von Neumann entitled “The logic of quantum mechanics quantum logic, i.e. the logical investigation of quantum mechanics, has undergone an enormous development. Various schools of thought and approaches have emerged and there are a variety of technical results. Quantum logic is a heterogeneous field of research ranging from investigations which may be termed logical in the traditional sense to studies focusing on structures which are on the border between algebra and logic. For the latter structures the term quantum structures is appropriate. The chapters of this Handbook, which are authored by the most eminent scholars in the field, constitute a comprehensive presentation of the main schools, approaches and results in the field of quantum logic and quantum structures. Much of the material presented is of recent origin representing the frontier of the subject. The present volume focuses on quantum structures. Among the structures studied extensively in this volume are, just to name a few, Hilbert lattices, D-posets, effect algebras MV algebras, partially ordered Abelian groups and those structures underlying quantum probability. - Written by eminent scholars in the field of logic - A comprehensive presentation of the theory, approaches and results in the field of quantum logic - Volume focuses on quantum structures

Quantum Logic in Algebraic Approach

Author: Miklos Redei

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401590265

Category: Science

Page: 243

View: 8269

This work has grown out of the lecture notes that were prepared for a series of seminars on some selected topics in quantum logic. The seminars were delivered during the first semester of the 1993/1994 academic year in the Unit for Foundations of Science of the Department of History and Foundations of Mathematics and Science, Faculty of Physics, Utrecht University, The Netherlands, while I was staying in that Unit on a European Community Research Grant, and in the Center for Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh, U. S. A. , where I was staying during the 1994/1995 academic year as a Visiting Fellow on a Fulbright Research Grant, and where I also was supported by the Istvan Szechenyi Scholarship Foundation. The financial support provided by these foundations, by the Center for Philosophy of Science and by the European Community is greatly acknowledged, and I wish to thank D. Dieks, the professor of the Foundations Group in Utrecht and G. Massey, the director of the Center for Philosophy of Science in Pittsburgh for making my stay at the respective institutions possible. I also wish to thank both the members of the Foundations Group in Utrecht, especially D. Dieks, C. Lutz, F. Muller, J. Uffink and P. Vermaas and the participants in the seminars at the Center for Philosophy of Science in Pittsburgh, especially N. Belnap, J. Earman, A. Janis, J. Norton, and J.

Reasoning in Quantum Theory

Sharp and Unsharp Quantum Logics

Author: Maria Luisa Dalla Chiara,Roberto Giuntini,Richard Greechie

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401705267

Category: Mathematics

Page: 298

View: 8056

"Is quantum logic really logic?" This book argues for a positive answer to this question once and for all. There are many quantum logics and their structures are delightfully varied. The most radical aspect of quantum reasoning is reflected in unsharp quantum logics, a special heterodox branch of fuzzy thinking. For the first time, the whole story of Quantum Logic is told; from its beginnings to the most recent logical investigations of various types of quantum phenomena, including quantum computation. Reasoning in Quantum Theory is designed for logicians, yet amenable to advanced graduate students and researchers of other disciplines.

Essays in Logic and Ontology

Author: N.A

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004332960

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 383

The aim of this book is to present essays centered upon the subjects of Formal Ontology and Logical Philosophy. The idea of investigating philosophical problems by means of logical methods was intensively promoted in Torun by the Department of Logic of Nicolaus Copernicus University during last decade. Another aim of this book is to present to the philosophical and logical audience the activities of the Torunian Department of Logic during this decade. The papers in this volume contain the results concerning Logic and Logical Philosophy, obtained within the confines of the projects initiated by the Department of Logic and other research projects in which the Torunian Department of Logic took part.

Rough Sets, Fuzzy Sets, Data Mining, and Granular Computing

10th International Conference, RSFDGrC 2005, Regina, Canada, August 31 - September 3, 2005, Proceedings

Author: Dominik Slezak

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540286535

Category: Computers

Page: 742

View: 574

The two volume set LNAI 3641 and LNAI 3642 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Rough Sets, Fuzzy Sets, Data Mining, and Granular Computing, RSFDGrC 2005, held in Regina, Canada in August/September 2005. The 119 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 277 submissions. They comprise the two volumes together with 6 invited papers, 22 approved workshop papers, and 5 special section papers that all were carefully selected and thoroughly revised. The first volume includes 75 contributions related to rough set approximations, rough-algebraic foundations, feature selection and reduction, reasoning in information systems, rough-probabilistic approaches, rough-fuzzy hybridization, fuzzy methods in data analysis, evolutionary computing, machine learning, approximate and uncertain reasoning, probabilistic network models, spatial and temporal reasoning, non-standard logics, and granular computing. The second volume contains 77 contributions and deals with rough set software, data mining, hybrid and hierarchical methods, information retrieval, image recognition and processing, multimedia applications, medical applications, web content analysis, business and industrial applications, the approved workshop papers and the papers accepted for a special session on intelligent and sapient systems.

Logic in Reality


Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402083750

Category: Philosophy

Page: 362

View: 6626

This book is both dif?cult and rewarding, affording a new perspective on logic and reality, basically seen in terms of change and stability, being and becoming. Most importantly it exemplifies a mode of doing philosophy of science that seems a welcome departure from the traditional focus on purely analytic arguments. The author approaches ontology, metaphysics, and logic as having offered a number of ways of constructing the description of reality, and aims at deepening their relationships in a new way. Going beyond the mere abstract and formal aspects of logical analysis, he offers a new architecture of logic that sees it as applied not only to the “reasoning processes” belonging to the first disciplinary group – ontology – but also directly concerned with en- ties, events, and phenomena studied by the second one – metaphysics. It is the task of the book to elaborate such a constructive logic, both by offering a lo- cal view of the structure of the reality in general and by proffering a wealth of models able to encompass its implications for science. In turning from the merely formal to the constructive account of logic Brenner overcomes the limitation of logic to linguistic concepts so that it can be not only a logic “of” reality but also “in” that reality which is constitutively characterized by a number of fundamental dualities (observer and observed, self and not-self, internal and external, etc.

Logic, Mathematics, Philosophy, Vintage Enthusiasms

Essays in Honour of John L. Bell

Author: David DeVidi,Michael Hallett,Peter Clark

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400702141

Category: Philosophy

Page: 486

View: 9320

The volume includes twenty-five research papers presented as gifts to John L. Bell to celebrate his 60th birthday by colleagues, former students, friends and admirers. Like Bell’s own work, the contributions cross boundaries into several inter-related fields. The contributions are new work by highly respected figures, several of whom are among the key figures in their fields. Some examples: in foundations of maths and logic (William Lawvere, Peter Aczel, Graham Priest, Giovanni Sambin); analytical philosophy (Michael Dummett, William Demopoulos), philosophy of science (Michael Redhead, Frank Arntzenius), philosophy of mathematics (Michael Hallett, John Mayberry, Daniel Isaacson) and decision theory and foundations of economics (Ken Bimore). Most articles are contributions to current philosophical debates, but contributions also include some new mathematical results, important historical surveys, and a translation by Wilfrid Hodges of a key work of arabic logic.

Foundations of Quantum Theory

From Classical Concepts to Operator Algebras

Author: Klaas Landsman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319517775

Category: Science

Page: 861

View: 7825

This book studies the foundations of quantum theory through its relationship to classical physics. This idea goes back to the Copenhagen Interpretation (in the original version due to Bohr and Heisenberg), which the author relates to the mathematical formalism of operator algebras originally created by von Neumann. The book therefore includes comprehensive appendices on functional analysis and C*-algebras, as well as a briefer one on logic, category theory, and topos theory. Matters of foundational as well as mathematical interest that are covered in detail include symmetry (and its "spontaneous" breaking), the measurement problem, the Kochen-Specker, Free Will, and Bell Theorems, the Kadison-Singer conjecture, quantization, indistinguishable particles, the quantum theory of large systems, and quantum logic, the latter in connection with the topos approach to quantum theory. This book is Open Access under a CC BY licence.

Foundations of Quantum Programming

Author: Mingsheng Ying

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0128025468

Category: Computers

Page: 372

View: 1809

Foundations of Quantum Programming discusses how new programming methodologies and technologies developed for current computers can be extended to exploit the unique power of quantum computers, which promise dramatic advantages in processing speed over currently available computer systems. Governments and industries around the globe are now investing vast amounts of money with the expectation of building practical quantum computers. Drawing upon years of experience and research in quantum computing research and using numerous examples and illustrations, Mingsheng Ying has created a very useful reference on quantum programming languages and important tools and techniques required for quantum programming, making the book a valuable resource for academics, researchers, and developers. Demystifies the theory of quantum programming using a step-by-step approach Covers the interdisciplinary nature of quantum programming by providing examples from many different fields including, engineering, computer science, medicine, and life sciences Includes techniques and tools to solve complex control flow patterns and synchronize computations Presents a coherent and self-contained treatment that will be valuable for academics and industrial researchers and developers

Mathematical Methods in Linguistics

Author: Barbara B.H. Partee,A.G. ter Meulen,R. Wall

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400922132

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 666

View: 5741

Elementary set theory accustoms the students to mathematical abstraction, includes the standard constructions of relations, functions, and orderings, and leads to a discussion of the various orders of infinity. The material on logic covers not only the standard statement logic and first-order predicate logic but includes an introduction to formal systems, axiomatization, and model theory. The section on algebra is presented with an emphasis on lattices as well as Boolean and Heyting algebras. Background for recent research in natural language semantics includes sections on lambda-abstraction and generalized quantifiers. Chapters on automata theory and formal languages contain a discussion of languages between context-free and context-sensitive and form the background for much current work in syntactic theory and computational linguistics. The many exercises not only reinforce basic skills but offer an entry to linguistic applications of mathematical concepts. For upper-level undergraduate students and graduate students in theoretical linguistics, computer-science students with interests in computational linguistics, logic programming and artificial intelligence, mathematicians and logicians with interests in linguistics and the semantics of natural language.

Current Research in Operational Quantum Logic

Algebras, Categories, Languages

Author: Bob Coecke,David Moore,Alexander Wilce

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401712018

Category: Science

Page: 325

View: 1594

The present volume has its origins in a pair of informal workshops held at the Free University of Brussels, in June of 1998 and May of 1999, named "Current Research 1 in Operational Quantum Logic". These brought together mathematicians and physicists working in operational quantum logic and related areas, as well as a number of interested philosophers of science, for a rare opportunity to discuss recent developments in this field. After some discussion, it was decided that, rather than producing a volume of conference proceedings, we would try to organize the conferees to produce a set of comprehensive survey papers, which would not only report on recent developments in quantum logic, but also provide a tutorial overview of the subject suitable for an interested non-specialist audience. The resulting volume provides an overview of the concepts and methods used in current research in quantum logic, viewed both as a branch of mathemati cal physics and as an area of pure mathematics. The first half of the book is concerned with the algebraic side of the subject, and in particular the theory of orthomodular lattices and posets, effect algebras, etc. In the second half of the book, special attention is given to categorical methods and to connections with theoretical computer science. At the 1999 workshop, we were fortunate to hear three excellent lectures by David J. Foulis, represented here by two contributions. Dave's work, spanning 40 years, has helped to define, and continues to reshape, the field of quantum logic.

Probability Theory

The Logic of Science

Author: E. T. Jaynes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139435167

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1144

The standard rules of probability can be interpreted as uniquely valid principles in logic. In this book, E. T. Jaynes dispels the imaginary distinction between 'probability theory' and 'statistical inference', leaving a logical unity and simplicity, which provides greater technical power and flexibility in applications. This book goes beyond the conventional mathematics of probability theory, viewing the subject in a wider context. New results are discussed, along with applications of probability theory to a wide variety of problems in physics, mathematics, economics, chemistry and biology. It contains many exercises and problems, and is suitable for use as a textbook on graduate level courses involving data analysis. The material is aimed at readers who are already familiar with applied mathematics at an advanced undergraduate level or higher. The book will be of interest to scientists working in any area where inference from incomplete information is necessary.

Chaos in Classical and Quantum Mechanics

Author: Martin C. Gutzwiller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461209838

Category: Mathematics

Page: 432

View: 8475

Describes the chaos apparent in simple mechanical systems with the goal of elucidating the connections between classical and quantum mechanics. It develops the relevant ideas of the last two decades via geometric intuition rather than algebraic manipulation. The historical and cultural background against which these scientific developments have occurred is depicted, and realistic examples are discussed in detail. This book enables entry-level graduate students to tackle fresh problems in this rich field.

Quantum Mechanics for Applied Physics and Engineering

Author: Albert T. Fromhold

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486164691

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 1289

For upper-level undergraduates and graduate students: an introduction to the fundamentals of quantum mechanics, emphasizing aspects essential to an understanding of solid-state theory. Numerous problems (and selected answers), projects, exercises.

The World According to Quantum Mechanics

Why the Laws of Physics Make Perfect Sense After All

Author: Ulrich Mohrhoff

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814293377

Category: Science

Page: 298

View: 8441

An invaluable supplement to standard textbooks on quantum mechanics, this unique introduction to the general theoretical framework of contemporary physics focuses on conceptual, epistemological, and ontological issues. The theory is developed by pursuing the question: what does it take to have material objects that neither collapse nor explode as soon as they are formed? The stability of matter thus emerges as the chief reason why the laws of physics have the particular form that they do.The first of the book's three parts familiarizes the reader with the basics by discussing crucial experiments, a brief historical survey, and by following Feynman's route to the Schr”dinger equation. The necessary mathematics is introduced along the way, to the point that all relevant theoretical concepts can be adequately grasped. Part II gets down to the nitty-gritty. As the theory takes shape, it is applied to various experimental arrangements. Many of these are central to the discussion in the final part, which aims at making epistemological and ontological sense of the theory. Pivotal to this task is an understanding of the special status that quantum mechanics attributes to measurements ? without dragging in ?the consciousness of the observer.? Key to this understanding is a rigorous definition of ?macroscopic? which, while rarely even attempted, is conveniently provided in this book.

Quantum Physics and Linguistics

A Compositional, Diagrammatic Discourse

Author: Chris Heunen,Mehrnoosh Sadrzadeh,Edward Grefenstette

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191650315

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 6887

New scientific paradigms typically consist of an expansion of the conceptual language with which we describe the world. Over the past decade, theoretical physics and quantum information theory have turned to category theory to model and reason about quantum protocols. This new use of categorical and algebraic tools allows a more conceptual and insightful expression of elementary events such as measurements, teleportation and entanglement operations, that were obscured in previous formalisms. Recent work in natural language semantics has begun to use these categorical methods to relate grammatical analysis and semantic representations in a unified framework for analysing language meaning, and learning meaning from a corpus. A growing body of literature on the use of categorical methods in quantum information theory and computational linguistics shows both the need and opportunity for new research on the relation between these categorical methods and the abstract notion of information flow. This book supplies an overview of how categorical methods are used to model information flow in both physics and linguistics. It serves as an introduction to this interdisciplinary research, and provides a basis for future research and collaboration between the different communities interested in applying category theoretic methods to their domain's open problems.