A Human Error Approach to Aviation Accident Analysis

The Human Factors Analysis and Classification System

Author: Douglas A. Wiegmann,Scott A. Shappell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351962353

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 184

View: 1357

Human error is implicated in nearly all aviation accidents, yet most investigation and prevention programs are not designed around any theoretical framework of human error. Appropriate for all levels of expertise, the book provides the knowledge and tools required to conduct a human error analysis of accidents, regardless of operational setting (i.e. military, commercial, or general aviation). The book contains a complete description of the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS), which incorporates James Reason's model of latent and active failures as a foundation. Widely disseminated among military and civilian organizations, HFACS encompasses all aspects of human error, including the conditions of operators and elements of supervisory and organizational failure. It attracts a very broad readership. Specifically, the book serves as the main textbook for a course in aviation accident investigation taught by one of the authors at the University of Illinois. This book will also be used in courses designed for military safety officers and flight surgeons in the U.S. Navy, Army and the Canadian Defense Force, who currently utilize the HFACS system during aviation accident investigations. Additionally, the book has been incorporated into the popular workshop on accident analysis and prevention provided by the authors at several professional conferences world-wide. The book is also targeted for students attending Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University which has satellite campuses throughout the world and offers a course in human factors accident investigation for many of its majors. In addition, the book will be incorporated into courses offered by Transportation Safety International and the Southern California Safety Institute. Finally, this book serves as an excellent reference guide for many safety professionals and investigators already in the field.
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Factfulness

Wie wir lernen, die Welt so zu sehen, wie sie wirklich ist

Author: Hans Rosling,Anna Rosling Rönnlund,Ola Rosling

Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage

ISBN: 3843717451

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 7389

Es wird alles immer schlimmer, eine schreckliche Nachricht jagt die andere: Die Reichen werden reicher, die Armen ärmer. Es gibt immer mehr Kriege, Gewaltverbrechen, Naturkatastrophen. Viele Menschen tragen solche beängstigenden Bilder im Kopf. Doch sie liegen damit grundfalsch. Unser Gehirn verführt uns zu einer dramatisierenden Weltsicht, die mitnichten der Realität entspricht, wie der geniale Statistiker und Wissenschaftler Hans Rosling erklärt. Wer das Buch gelesen hat, wird • ein sicheres, auf Fakten basierendes Gerüst besitzen, um die Welt so zu sehen, wie sie wirklich ist • die zehn gängigsten Arten von aufgebauschten Geschichten erkennen • bessere Entscheidungen treffen können • wahre Factfulness erreichen – jene offene, neugierige und entspannte Geisteshaltung, in der Sie nur noch Ansichten teilen und Urteile fällen, die auf soliden Fakten basieren
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The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 7250

Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“
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Human Factors Models for Aviation Accident Analysis and Prevention

Author: Thomas G.C. Griffin,Mark S. Young,Neville A. Stanton

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1317120108

Category: Transportation

Page: 226

View: 1677

The investigation and modelling of aviation accident causation is dominated by linear models. Aviation is, however, a complex system and as such suffers from being artificially manipulated into non-complex models and methods. This book addresses this issue by developing a new approach to investigating aviation accident causation through information networks. These networks centralise communication and the flow of information as key indicators of a system’s health and risk. This holistic approach focuses on the system environment, the activity that takes place within it, the strategies used to conduct this activity, the way in which the constituent parts of the system (both human and non-human) interact and the behaviour required. Each stage of this book identifies and expands upon the potential of the information network approach, maintaining firm focus on the overall health of a system. The book’s new model offers many potential developments and some key areas are studied in this research. Through the centralisation of barriers and information nodes the method can be applied to almost any situation. The application of Bayesian mathematics to historical data populations provides scope for studying error migration and barrier manipulation. The book also provides application of these predictions to a flight simulator study for the purposes of validation. Beyond this it also discusses the applicability of the approach to industry. Through working with a legacy airline the methods discussed are used as the basis for a new and prospective safety management system.
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Human Factors Methods and Accident Analysis

Practical Guidance and Case Study Applications

Author: Dr Guy H Walker,Dr Daniel P Jenkins,Dr Laura A Rafferty,Dr Michael G Lenné,Professor Neville A Stanton,Professor Paul M Salmon

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409486850

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 216

View: 6649

Human Factors Methods and Accident Analysis is the first book to offer a practical guide for investigators, practitioners and researchers wishing to apply accident analysis methods. It is also unique in presenting a series of novel applications of accident analysis methods, including HF methods not previously used for these purposes (e.g. EAST, critical path analysis), as well as applications of methods in new domains.
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Airframe

Roman

Author: Michael Crichton

Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag

ISBN: 3641162092

Category: Fiction

Page: N.A

View: 6135

Auf dem Nonstop-Flug von Hongkong nach Denver gerät plötzlich die Maschine der Transpacific Airlines außer Kontrolle. Dem Piloten gelingt eine Notlandung, doch einige Passagiere verlieren dabei ihr Leben. Als Casey Singleton den Auftrag erhält, die Ursachen dieses Unglücks aufzuklären, ahnt sie nicht, in welche Gefahr sie sich begibt. Denn ihre Ermittlungen stoßen auf viele Widersacher, die vor nichts zurückschrecken.
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Sehen lernen

mit Wertstromdesign die Wertschöpfung erhöhen und Verschwendung beseitigen

Author: Mike Rother,John Shook

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783980952118

Category:

Page: 96

View: 3638

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Investigating Human Error: Incidents, Accidents, and Complex Systems

Author: Barry Strauch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351926292

Category: Transportation

Page: 324

View: 670

In this book the author applies contemporary error theory to the needs of investigators and of anyone attempting to understand why someone made a critical error, how that error led to an incident or accident, and how to prevent such errors in the future. Students and investigators of human error will gain an appreciation of the literature on error, with numerous references to both scientific research and investigative reports in a wide variety of applications, from airplane accidents, to bus accidents, to bonfire disasters. Features include: - an easy to follow step by step approach to conducting error investigations that even those new to the field can readily apply. - summaries of recent transportation accidents and human factors literature and relates them to the cause of human error in accidents. - an approach to investigating human error that will be of interest to both human factors psychology and industrial engineering students and instructors, as well as investigators of accidents in aviation, mass transportation, nuclear power, or any industry that is to the adverse effects of error. Based on the author's over 18 years of experience as an accident investigator and instructor of both aircraft accident investigation techniques and human factors psychology, it reviews recent human factors literature, summarizes major transportation accidents, and shows how to investigate the types of errors that typically occur in high risk industries. It presents a model of human error causation influenced largely by James Reason and Neville Moray, and relates it to error investigations with step by step guidelines for data collection and analysis that investigators can readily apply as needed.
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Human Reliability and Error in Transportation Systems

Author: Balbir S. Dhillon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1846288126

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 182

View: 8116

Human errors contribute significantly to most transportation crashes: approximately 70 to 90 percent of crashes are the result of human error. This book examines human reliability across all types of transportation systems. The material is accessible to readers with no previous knowledge in the field and is supported with a full explanation of the necessary mathematical concepts together with numerous examples and test problems.
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Investigating Human Error

Incidents, Accidents, and Complex Systems

Author: Barry Strauch

Publisher: Gower Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754641223

Category: Transportation

Page: 302

View: 386

In this book the author applies contemporary error theory to the needs of investigators and of anyone attempting to understand why someone made a critical error, how that error led to an incident or accident, and how to prevent such errors in the future. Students and investigators of human error will gain an appreciation of the literature on error, with numerous references to both scientific research and investigative reports in a wide variety of applications, from airplane accidents, to bus accidents, to bonfire disasters. Features include: - an easy to follow step by step approach to conducting error investigations that even those new to the field can readily apply. - summaries of recent transportation accidents and human factors literature and relates them to the cause of human error in accidents. - an approach to investigating human error that will be of interest to both human factors psychology and industrial engineering students and instructors, as well as investigators of accidents in aviation, mass transportation, nuclear power, or any industry that is to the adverse effects of error. Based on the author's over 18 years of experience as an accident investigator and instructor of both aircraft accident investigation techniques and human factors psychology, it reviews recent human factors literature, summarizes major transportation accidents, and shows how to investigate the types of errors that typically occur in high risk industries. It presents a model of human error causation influenced largely by James Reason and Neville Moray, and relates it to error investigations with step by step guidelines for data collection and analysis that investigators can readily apply as needed.
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Guide to Applying Human Factors Methods

Human Error and Accident Management in Safety-Critical Systems

Author: Pietro C. Cacciabue

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447138120

Category: Computers

Page: 347

View: 813

Human error plays a significant role in many accidents involving safety-critical systems, and it is now a standard requirement in both the US and Europe for Human Factors (HF) to be taken into account in system design and safety assessment. This book will be an essential guide for anyone who uses HF in their everyday work, providing them with consistent and ready-to-use procedures and methods that can be applied to real-life problems. The first part of the book looks at the theoretical framework, methods and techniques that the engineer or safety analyst needs to use when working on a HF-related project. The second part presents four case studies that show the reader how the above framework and guidelines work in practice. The case studies are based on real-life projects carried out by the author for a major European railway system, and in collaboration with international companies such as the International Civil Aviation Organisation, Volvo, Daimler-Chrysler and FIAT.
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Homicide

Ein Jahr auf mörderischen Straßen

Author: David Simon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783453676350

Category:

Page: 828

View: 7455

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Basic Flight Physiology

Author: Richard O. Reinhart

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780070522237

Category: Science

Page: 285

View: 4307

This readable, updated textbook by a flight surgeon comprehensively covers the factors that affect ``medical airworthiness.'' Includes practical chapters on dealing with in-flight medical emergencies and on maintaining flight fitness with diet and exercise.
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Human Factors in Aviation

Author: Earl L. Wiener,David C. Nagel

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 0127500316

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 684

View: 9813

Human Factors in Aviation, written for the widespread aviation community--engineers, scientist, pilots, managers, government personnel, and others--is also be of interest to those in nonaviation fields. The authors/contributors were chosen not only as experts in their fields, but because they could write for a wider audience than they customarily address. The organization of the book takes the reader from the general to the specific, first covering broad issues, then the more specific topics of pilot performance, human factors in aircraft design, and vehicles and systems. The physiological and medical aspects are well documented also.
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Das Unerwartete managen

wie Unternehmen aus Extremsituationen lernen

Author: Karl E. Weick,Kathleen M. Sutcliffe

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783791029689

Category: Crisis management

Page: 201

View: 7785

Wie können Unternehmen mit unerwarteten Situationen umgehen? Um diese Frage zu beantworten, untersuchen die Autoren sogenannte High Reliability Organizations (HROs) - Organisationen, die absolut zuverlässig arbeiten müssen, wie z. B. Fluglotsen oder Feuerwehrmannschaften. An ihren spezifischen Handlungsabläufen kann sich jede Organisation orientieren, um unerwartete Ereignisse und Entwicklungen besser zu verstehen und zu bewältigen. Wie die Methoden der HROs sich in der Unternehmenspraxis umsetzen lassen, zeigt der lösungsorientierte Managementansatz.
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Human Error and Commercial Aviation Accidents

A Comprehensive, Fine-grained Analysis Using HFACS

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Aeronautics

Page: 19

View: 8147

The Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) is a theoretically based tool for investigating and analyzing human error associated with accidents and incidents. Previous research has shown that HFACS can be reliably used to identify general trends in the human factors associated with military and general aviation accidents. The aim of this study was to extend previous examinations of aviation accidents to include specific aircrew, environmental, supervisory, and organizational factors associated with 14 CFR Part 121 (Air Carrier) and 14 CFR Part 135 (Commuter) accidents using HFACS. The majority of causal factors were attributed to the aircrew and the environment, with decidedly fewer associated with supervisory and organizational causes. Comparisons were made between HFACS categories and traditional situational variables such as weather, lighting, and geographic region. Recommendations were made based on the HFACS findings presented.
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Modern Accident Investigation and Analysis

Author: Ted S. Ferry

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471624813

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 306

View: 3504

This new edition of a standard in the field is the most complete treatment available on modern methods of accident investigation. The investigation process is divided into three phases: preparation and planning, analytical methods and reporting, and corrective actions designed to prevent recurrence. Techniques discussed are general and can be applied to a wide range of industrial accidents. Topics covered include investigation concepts, the pitfalls of government intervention, legal aspects, multilinear events sequencing, and management oversight and risk tree (MORT). There is new material on the electronic and computer industries and on S-T-E-P accident investigation. A new chapter, ``A Generic Approach to Mishap Investigation,'' puts the entire process in perspective.
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Commercial Aviation Safety 5/E

Author: Clarence C. Rodrigues,Stephen K. Cusick

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071763066

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 382

View: 3501

A Complete, Fully Updated Guide to COMMERCIAL AVIATION SAFETY Presenting the latest procedures and standards from U.S. and international air traffic and regulatory agencies, this extensively revised resource covers the entire commercial aviation safety system--from human factors to accident investigation. The introduction of Safety Management Systems (SMS) principles by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is discussed in detail. Commercial Aviation Safety, Fifth Edition delivers authoritative information on today's security concerns on the ground and in the air, changes in systems and regulations, new maintenance and flight technologies, and recent accident statistics. This is the most comprehensive, current, and systematic reference on the principles and practices of commercial aviation safety and security. COVERAGE INCLUDES: Regulatory information on ICAO, FAA, EPA, TSA, and OSHA NTSB and ICAO accident investigation processes Recording and reporting of safety data U.S. and international aviation accident statistics Accident causation models The Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) Aircraft and air traffic control technologies and safety systems Airport safety, including runway incursions Aviation security, including the 9-11 Commission recommendations International and U.S. Airline Safety Management Systems Aviation Safety Management Systems
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Wie ich die Dinge geregelt kriege

Selbstmanagement für den Alltag

Author: David Allen

Publisher: Piper ebooks

ISBN: 3492972314

Category: Self-Help

Page: 432

View: 4798

Eigentlich sollte man längst bei einem Termin sein, doch dann klingelt das Handy und das E-Mail-Postfach quillt auch schon wieder über. Für Sport und Erholung bleibt immer weniger Zeit und am Ende resigniert man ausgebrannt, unproduktiv und völlig gestresst. Doch das muss nicht sein. Denn je entspannter wir sind, desto kreativer und produktiver werden wir. Mit David Allens einfacher und anwendungsorientierter Methode wird beides wieder möglich: effizient zu arbeiten und die Freude am Leben zurückzugewinnen.
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Leadership Challenge

Author: James M. Kouzes,Barry Z. Posner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527503742

Category: Executive ability

Page: 382

View: 6112

Through research, interviews and the experience of hundreds of managers, Kouzes and Posner show how leadership can be learned and mastered by all. Readable, interesting, and up-to-date. Highly recommended.--Library Journal.
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