Semitic Languages

Outline of a Comparative Grammar

Author: Edward Lipiński

Publisher: Peeters Publishers

ISBN: 9789042908154

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 780

View: 5998

The first comparative grammar of the Semitic languages, by H. Zimmern, was published a hundred years ago and the last original work of this kind was issued in Russian in 1972 by B.M. Grande. The present grammar, designed to come out in the centenary of the completion of Zimmern's work, fills thus a gap. Besides, it is based on both classical and modern Semitic languages, it takes new material of these last decades into account, and situates the Semitic languages in the wider context of Afro-Asiatic. The introduction briefly presents the languages in question. The main parts of the work are devoted to phonology, morphology, and syntax, with elaborate charts and diagrams. Then follows a discussion of fundamental questions related to lexicographical analysis. The study is supplemented by a glossary of linguistic terms used in Semitics, by a selective bibliography, by a general index, and by an index of words and forms. The book is the result of twenty-five years of research and teaching in comparative Semitic grammar.
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Orientalia Christiana

Author: N.A

Publisher: Gregorian Biblical BookShop

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1638

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Tempus, Aspekt und Modalität im Reichsaramäischen

Author: Holger Gzella

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 9783447050944

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 8923

Das Buch untersucht, wie das Reichsaramaische, die Kanzleisprache des Achamenidenreiches einschliesslich des Biblisch-Aramaischen, Tempus (Vergangenheit, Gegenwart, Zukunft), Aspekt (eine Handlung als abgeschlossen oder im Verlauf betrachtet) und Modalitat ("darf", "muss", "will" oder "durfte", "musste", "sollte") ausdruckt. Dazu wird zuerst nicht nur die semitistische Sprachbeschreibung aufgearbeitet, sondern auch die europaische Grammatiktradition, ihre Begriffsbildung und Methodik, wird einer kritischen, vorurteilslosen Uberprufung unterzogen. Tempus, Aspekt und Modalitat erscheinen sodann in einem nach allen Seiten offenen Gesprach als "Konzepte", die miteinander zusammenhangen und sich durch ganz verschiedene sprachliche Mittel verwirklichen, also nicht an eine einzelne Form gebunden sind. Die Ausdruckskraft des Reichsaramaischen wird auf der Hohe der Forschung und anhand des gesamten uberlieferten Textmaterials Beleg fur Beleg (alles auch ubersetzt) genauestens analysiert, innerhalb der uber dreitausendjahrigen aramaischen Sprachgeschichte verortet und in einen weiten semitistischen sowie allgemeinsprachlichen Rahmen gestellt. Diese bislang ausfuhrlichste Untersuchung eines aramaischen Verbalsystems bietet somit sowohl eine festere Grundlage fur die Erforschung der semitischen Syntax uberhaupt als auch den anderen sprachwissenschaftlichen Disziplinen eine Fulle von Anregungen. Alle Fachbegriffe werden exakt definiert und die logisch aufgebaute Argumentation allgemeinverstandlich formuliert; Register erlauben den schnellen Zugriff auf die zahlreichen Einzelinterpretationen.
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The Modal System of Old Babylonian

Author: Eran Cohen

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004370013

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 225

View: 9031

This monograph is a corpus-based description of the modal system of epistolary Old Babylonian, one of the best attested Akkadian dialects, using the European structural method. The study strives to match a concrete exponent with a semantic value, in using syntactic criteria.
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Lehrbuch Bibel-Hebräisch

Author: Thomas Oden Lambdin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783765593611

Category: Hebrew language

Page: 349

View: 9131

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Orientalia

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Middle Eastern philology

Page: N.A

View: 2752

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"--der seine Lust hat am Wort des Herrn!"

Festschrift für Ernst Jenni zum 80. Geburtstag

Author: Jürg Luchsinger,Hans-Peter Mathys,Markus Saur

Publisher: Ugarit Verlag

ISBN: N.A

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 466

View: 5735

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The Oxford Handbook of Derivational Morphology

Author: Rochelle Lieber,Pavol Stekauer

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191651788

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 768

View: 8194

The Oxford Handbook of Derivational Morphology is intended as a companion volume to The Oxford Handbook of Compounding (OUP 2009) Written by distinguished scholars, its 41 chapters aim to provide a comprehensive and thorough overview of the study of derivational morphology. The handbook begins with an overview and a consideration of definitional matters, distinguishing derivation from inflection on the one hand and compounding on the other. From a formal perspective, the handbook treats affixation (prefixation, suffixation, infixation, circumfixation, etc.), conversion, reduplication, root and pattern and other templatic processes, as well as prosodic and subtractive means of forming new words. From a semantic perspective, it looks at the processes that form various types of adjectives, adverbs, nouns, and verbs, as well as evaluatives and the rarer processes that form function words. The book also surveys derivation in fifteen language families that are widely dispersed in terms of both geographical location and typological characteristics.
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Akkadisches Handwörterbuch

unter Benutzung des lexikalischen Nachlasses von Bruno Meissner (1868-1947)

Author: Wolfram von Soden

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 9783447014717

Category: History

Page: 1592

View: 6345

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Lingua

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2243

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Language and Nature

Papers Presented to John Huehnergard on the Occasion of this 60th Birthday

Author: Rebecca Hasselbach,Na'ama Pat-El

Publisher: Oriental Inst Publications Sales

ISBN: 9781885923912

Category: History

Page: 476

View: 4779

This book includes thirty contributions - twenty-nine papers and one artistic contribution - by John''s colleagues, former students, and friends, on a variety of topics that represent John''s versatility and many interests, including philology, history, natural history, and art. Many of the papers concentrate on the Akkadian speaking world, reflecting one of the major languages John Huehnergard has worked on throughout the years. Eran Cohen reviews and discusses the functional value of Akkadian iprus in conditional clauses in epistolary and legal texts. Lutz Edzard discusses the Akkadian injunctive umma, used in oath formulae. Daniel Fleming asks who were the ''Apiru people mentioned in Egyptian texts in the Late Bronze Age and what was their social standing as is reflected in the Amarna letters. Shlomo Izre''el offers a revised and improved version of his important study of the language of the Amarna letters. Leonid Kogan offers a comparative etymological study of botanical terminology in Akkadian, while Josef Tropper argues that Akkadian poetry, as well as Northwest Semitic poetry, are based on certain metric principles. Wilfred von Soldt lists and discusses personal names ending in -ayu from Amarna. A number of papers deal with Arabic grammarians and their concepts of language. Gideon Goldenberg discusses the concept of vocalic length in Arabic grammatical tradition and in the medieval Hebrew tradition that was its product. Wolfhart Heinrichs''s contribution shows that Ibn Khaldun held innovative views of language and its evolution. Several other papers deal with Hebrew and the Hebrew Bible. Steven Fassberg deals with verbal t-forms that do not exhibit the expected metathesis in Hebrew and Aramaic of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Randall Garr studies one class of denominal hiphil verbs and asks why these verbs are assigned to the causative stem despite their non-causative semantic content. Ed Greenstein suggests that the roots of biblical wisdom can be located in second-millennium Canaanite literature by identifying wisdom sayings and themes in the Ugaritic corpus. Jeremy Hutton sheds more light on tG forms in Biblical Hebrew. Paul Korchin explains occurrences of the cohortative in Biblical Hebrew that do not conform to the normative volitive function. Dennis Pardee provides a detailed study of the Hebrew verbal system as primarily expressing aspect, not tense. Gary A. Rendsburg argues in favor of Late Biblical Hebrew features in the book of Haggai. Four papers deal with linguistic aspects of non-Classical Semitic languages. Charles H�berl looks into predicates of verbless sentences in Semitic and particularly in Neo-Mandaic. Geoffrey Khan discusses the functional differences between the preterite and the perfect in NENA. Aaron D. Rubin provides Semitic etymologies of two Modern South Arabian words. Ofra Tirosh-Becker discusses the language of the Judeo-Arabic translation of the books of Prophets. Papers on comparative Semitics are likewise numerous. Jo Ann Hackett takes another look at Ugaritic yaqtul and argues for the existence of a preterite yaqtul on comparative grounds, among others. Rebecca Hasselbach tackles the evasive origin of the Semitic verbal endings -u and -a. Na''ama Pat-El continues the discussion of the origin of the Hebrew relative particle seC- from a syntactic and comparative perspective. Richard C. Steiner proposes a new vowel syncope rule for Proto Semitic. David Testen argues for a different reconstruction of the Semitic case system. Tamar Zewi shows that prepositional phrases can function as subjects in a variety of Semitic languages. Andrzej Zaborski suggests that Berber and Cushitic preserve archaic features that have been lost for the most part in the Semitic languages. There is one paper on an Indo-European language with important ties to Semitic languages in P. Oktor Skjaervo discussion of the Pahlavi verb *awas ''to dry.'' Finally, Richard Walton contributes a paper about the jumping spiders of Concord, Massachusetts, a project he labored on with John Huehnergard. The book is beautifully decorated by the drawings of the artist X Bonnie Woods, who prepared special illustration for this volume, based on cuneiform.
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Ugaritische Grammatik

Author: Josef Tropper

Publisher: Ugarit Verlag

ISBN: N.A

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 1056

View: 6549

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Languages of Iraq, Ancient and Modern

Author: J. N. Postgate

Publisher: British School of Archaeology in

ISBN: 9780903472210

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 187

View: 3153

For all five thousand years of its history Iraq has been home to a mixture of languages, spoken and written, and the same is true today. In November 2003, to celebrate the country's rich diversity and long history as a centre of civilisation the British School presented a series of talks by experts on each of the major languages of Iraq and their history, and this illustrated volume brings these now to a wider public. Iraq's languages come from different linguistic families - Semitic, Indo-European, and agglutinative languages like Sumerian, Hurrian and Turkish. Some, although long dead, have a prime place in the history of the Old World: Sumerian, probably the first language to be written and the vehicle of cuneiform scholarship for more than two millennia, and Akkadian, the language of Hammurapi and the Epic of Gilgamesh, and used across the Near East for administration and diplomacy. The history of Aramaic is even longer, stretching back to overlap with Akkadian before 1000 BC. It survives, precariously, in both written and spoken forms, being one of four languages spoken in Iraq today. Of these Arabic as a major world language has often been described, but here we have an account of the vernacular Iraqi Arabic dialects, and the descriptions of Iraqi Kurdish and Turkman are unique, detailed and authoritative.
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Studies in Semitic and AfroAsiatic Linguistics Presented to Gene B. Gragg

Author: Gene B. Gragg,Cynthia Lynn Miller

Publisher: Oriental Inst Publications Sales

ISBN: 9781885923417

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 220

View: 858

Professor Gene B. Gragg's unbounded intellectual curiosity and rigorous linguistic method have served as a bridge between the often disparate fields of Semitic philology and linguistics, between the various sub-disciplines that study the ancient Near East, between the study of ancient languages by means of scribal corpora and modern languages by means of language helpers, and between users and developers of computer programs for linguistic and text analysis. In so doing he has inspired a generation of students and colleagues to new vistas and greater horizons. All but one of the essays in this volume were originally presented at a symposium at the Oriental Institute on May 21-22, 2004, in honor of his retirement. The symposium was centered around Semitic and comparative Semitic linguistics, the areas of inquiry of most of Professor Gragg's students; two other papers at the symposium (those by Bender and Militarev) directed our attention to his comparative Afroasiatic interests. An additional paper by Rebecca Hasselbach, who was recently hired to teach Comparative Semitics at the Oriental Institute, rounds out the volume.
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