A Democracy of Distinction

Aristotle and the Work of Politics

Author: Jill Frank

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226260194

Category: Philosophy

Page: 199

View: 7595

Offering an ancient education for our times, Jill Frank's A Democracy of Distinction interprets Aristotle's writings in a way that reimagines the foundations, aims, and practices of politics, ancient and modern. Concerned especially with the work of making a democracy of distinction, Frank shows that such a democracy requires freedom and equality achieved through the exercise of virtue. Moving back and forth between Aristotle's writings and contemporary legal and political theory, Frank breathes new life into our conceptions of property, justice, and law by viewing them not only as institutions but as dynamic activities as well. Frank's innovative approach to Aristotle stresses his appreciation of the tensions and complexities of politics so that we might rethink and reorganize our own political ideas and practices. A Democracy of Distinction will be of enormous value to classicists, political scientists, and anyone interested in revitalizing democratic theory and practice.

The Democracy of Christianity

Or, An Analysis of the Bible and Its Doctrines in Their Relation to the Principle of Democracy. Vol. I [-Vol. II]

Author: William Goodell

Publisher: N.A


Category: Democracy

Page: N.A

View: 9460


The Democracy of Christianity

Or, An Analysis of the Bible and Its Doctrines in Their Relation to the Principle of Democracy

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Christianity and politics

Page: 348

View: 8547


The Democracy of Knowledge

Author: Daniel Innerarity

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1623566649

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 9314

This volume in the Political Theory and Contemporary Philosophy series extends democracy to knowledge in two ways. First, it argues that the issues science seeks to clarify are relevant for all citizens. Second, it explains that the fundamental problems faced by any democracy, such as the economic crisis, are not so much problems of political will as cognitive failures that must be resolved through both a greater knowledge of the realities over which we govern and a fine-tuning of the tools of governance. In fact, knowledge and related fields are spheres in which not only economic prosperity, but also democratic quality, are determined. Thus politics of knowledge and through knowledge has become a question of democratic citizenship. After introducing the concept of governing knowledge, the book discusses the political action of collective organization of uncertainty, before developing the idea of the cognitive challenge of the economy, revealed by today's economic crisis. A groundbreaking work by a renowned philosopher, it will be an accessible and fundamental resource for anyone interested in the relation of power to knowledge.

Poetic Justice

Rereading Plato's "Republic"

Author: Jill Frank

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022651580X

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 7093

When Plato set his dialogs, written texts were disseminated primarily by performance and recitation. He wrote them, however, when literacy was expanding. Jill Frank argues that there are unique insights to be gained from appreciating Plato’s dialogs as written texts to be read and reread. At the center of these insights are two distinct ways of learning to read in the dialogs. One approach that appears in the Statesman, Sophist, and Protagoras, treats learning to read as a top-down affair, in which authoritative teachers lead students to true beliefs. Another, recommended by Socrates, encourages trial and error and the formation of beliefs based on students’ own fallible experiences. In all of these dialogs, learning to read is likened to coming to know or understand something. Given Plato’s repeated presentation of the analogy between reading and coming to know, what can these two approaches tell us about his dialogs’ representations of philosophy and politics? With Poetic Justice, Jill Frank overturns the conventional view that the Republic endorses a hierarchical ascent to knowledge and the authoritarian politics associated with that philosophy. When learning to read is understood as the passive absorption of a teacher’s beliefs, this reflects the account of Platonic philosophy as authoritative knowledge wielded by philosopher kings who ruled the ideal city. When we learn to read by way of the method Socrates introduces in the Republic, Frank argues, we are offered an education in ethical and political self-governance, one that prompts citizens to challenge all claims to authority, including those of philosophy.

Die Politik

Author: Aristoteles,Christian Garve

Publisher: N.A



Page: N.A

View: 7230


Herrschaft und Recht bei Aristoteles

Author: Simon Weber

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110375850

Category: Philosophy

Page: 276

View: 9680

Was sind nach Aristoteles die Bedingungen legitimer politischer Herrschafts- und Rechtsverhältnisse? Die vorliegende Interpretation der aristotelischen Politik zeigt, dass das zentrale Projekt der politischen Moderne, die Begründung und Durchsetzung der natürlichen Rechte des Individuums, als die Fortschreibung und Ausformulierung von Aristoteles’ politischer Philosophie begriffen werden sollte, nicht als radikaler Bruch mit ihr.

Sozialutopien der Neuzeit

bibliographisches Handbuch. Bibliographie der Quellenn des utopischen Diskurses von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart

Author: Andreas Heyer

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3825819973

Category: Utopias

Page: 713

View: 950


Aristotle and the Rediscovery of Citizenship

Author: Susan D. Collins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139457039

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 3053

Aristotle and the Rediscovery of Citizenship confronts a question that is central to Aristotle's political philosophy as well as to contemporary political theory: what is a citizen? Answers prove to be elusive, in part because late twentieth-century critiques of the Enlightenment called into doubt fundamental tenets that once guided us. Engaging the two major works of Aristotle's political philosophy, his Nicomachean Ethics and his Politics, Susan D. Collins poses questions that current discussions of liberal citizenship do not adequately address. Drawing a path from contemporary disputes to Aristotle, she examines in detail his complex presentations of moral virtue, civic education, and law; his view of the aims and limits of the political community; and his treatment of the connection between citizenship and the human good. Collins thereby shows how Aristotle continues to be an indispensable source of enlightenment, as he has been for political and religious traditions of the past.

Feindbild und Vorbild

Die athenische Demokratie und ihre intellektuellen Gegner

Author: Uwe Walter,Ivan Jordović

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110608383

Category: History

Page: 343

View: 6139

Lebte die athenische Demokratie ganz aus ihrer täglichen Praxis und kam sie deshalb ohne theoretische Begründung oder gar Ideologie aus? Und lebten ihre Kritiker nur in ihrer eigenen Oppositionswelt oder haben sie Konzepte, Vorstellungen und Ideen der ungeliebten Ordnung übernommen? Der Sammelband stellt zunächst Elemente der demokratischen Ideologie in Athen vor; ferner werden systematische Aspekte des demokratiekritischen bzw. antidemokratischen Diskurses erörtert. Fünf Fallstudien behandeln Schriften – von Pseudo-Xenophon bis Aristoteles –, deren Autoren der Demokratie feindlich oder zumindest kritisch gegenüberstanden. Zwei abschließende Aufsätze verfolgen Argumente und Traditionslinien antidemokratischen Denkens, bis hin zum Postulat einer angeblich natürlichen Ungleichheit und eines Rechts des Stärkeren, bis ins 19. Jahrhundert bzw. die Zeit vor und nach dem 1. Weltkrieg. Insgesamt ergibt sich ein neues, wesentlich differenzierteres Bild der argumentativen Verschränkung von Verteidigern und Gegnern der (athenischen) Demokratie. Das ist auch für die Diskussion um eine Krise der modernen Demokratien von Bedeutung, die häufig historisch unzureichend geerdet erscheint.

The Undiscovered Dewey

Religion, Morality, and the Ethos of Democracy

Author: Melvin L. Rogers

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231516169

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

View: 3258

The Undiscovered Dewey explores the profound influence of evolution and its corresponding ideas of contingency and uncertainty on John Dewey's philosophy of action, particularly its argument that inquiry proceeds from the uncertainty of human activity. Dewey separated the meaningfulness of inquiry from a larger metaphysical story concerning the certainty of human progress. He then connected this thread to the way in which our reflective capacities aid us in improving our lives. Dewey therefore launched a new understanding of the modern self that encouraged intervention in social and natural environments but which nonetheless demanded courage and humility because of the intimate relationship between action and uncertainty. Melvin L. Rogers explicitly connects Dewey's theory of inquiry to his religious, moral, and political philosophy. He argues that, contrary to common belief, Dewey sought a place for religious commitment within a democratic society sensitive to modern pluralism. Against those who regard Dewey as indifferent to moral conflict, Rogers points to Dewey's appreciation for the incommensurability of our ethical commitments. His deep respect for modern pluralism, argues Rogers, led Dewey to articulate a negotiation between experts and the public so that power did not lapse into domination. Exhibiting an abiding faith in the reflective and contestable character of inquiry, Dewey strongly engaged with the complexity of our religious, moral, and political lives.

The Gift of Science

Leibniz and the modern legal tradition

Author: Roger BERKOWITZ,Roger Stuart Berkowitz

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674020790

Category: Law

Page: 234

View: 8695

Moving from the scientific revolution to the nineteenth-century rise of legal codes, Berkowitz tells the story of how lawyers and philosophers invented legal science to preserve law's claim to moral authority. The "gift" of science, however, proved bittersweet. Instead of strengthening the bond between law and justice, the subordination of law to science transformed law from an ethical order into a tool for social and economic ends.

Why Plato Wrote

Author: Danielle S. Allen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444351915

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 802

Why Plato Wrote argues that Plato was not only the world’s first systematic political philosopher, but also the western world’s first think-tank activist and message man. Shows that Plato wrote to change Athenian society and thereby transform Athenian politics Offers accessible discussions of Plato’s philosophy of language and political theory Selected by Choice as an Outstanding Academic Title for 2011

Communicative Rationality and Deliberative Democracy of Jürgen Habermas

Toward Consolidation of Democracy in Africa

Author: Ukoro Theophilus Igwe

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825879082

Category: Religion

Page: 520

View: 496

This book critically investigates Jurgen Habermas's attempt to develop communicative conception of human rationality. It explores Habermas's fundamental commitment to the practical import and ramifications of communicative rationality in the field of African political philosophy. Within this context, Habermas's ambitious project to reconcile law, justice, and democracy is wide-ranging. This work explores how it is, among other things, that deliberative institutions can become more democratic through, as Dewey put it, "improvements in the methods and conditions of debate, discussion and persuasion".

End of Phenomenology

Author: Tom Sparrow

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748684859

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 2709

Shows how speculative realism is replacing phenomenology as the beacon of realism in contemporary Continental philosophy.

Aristotle's 'Politics'

A Reader's Guide

Author: Judith A. Swanson,C. David Corbin

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441164448

Category: Philosophy

Page: 180

View: 9219

In the Politics, Aristotle sets out to discover what is the best form that the state can take. Similar to his mentor Plato, Aristotle considers the form that will produce justice and cultivate the highest human potential; however Aristotle takes a more empirical approach, examining the constitution of existing states and drawing on specific case-studies. In doing so he lays the foundations of modern political science.


What the Ancients Can Teach Us about Ethics, Virtue, and Sustainable Living

Author: Melissa Lane

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400838355

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 8185

An ecologically sustainable society cannot be achieved without citizens who possess the virtues and values that will foster it, and who believe that individual actions can indeed make a difference. Eco-Republic draws on ancient Greek thought--and Plato's Republic in particular--to put forward a new vision of citizenship that can make such a society a reality. Melissa Lane develops a model of a society whose health and sustainability depend on all its citizens recognizing a shared standard of value and shaping their personal goals and habits accordingly. Bringing together the moral and political ideas of the ancients with the latest social and psychological theory, Lane illuminates the individual's vital role in social change, and articulates new ways of understanding what is harmful and what is valuable, what is a benefit and what is a cost, and what the relationship between public and private well-being ought to be. Eco-Republic reveals why we must rethink our political imagination if we are to meet the challenges of climate change and other urgent environmental concerns. Offering a unique reflection on the ethics and politics of sustainability, the book goes beyond standard approaches to virtue ethics in philosophy and current debates about happiness in economics and psychology. Eco-Republic explains why health is a better standard than happiness for capturing the important links between individual action and social good, and diagnoses the reasons why the ancient concept of virtue has been sorely neglected yet is more relevant today than ever.

Wie Demokratien sterben

Und was wir dagegen tun können

Author: Steven Levitsky,Daniel Ziblatt

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641222915

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 4614

Ausgezeichnet mit dem NDR Kultur Sachbuchpreis 2018 als bestes Sachbuch des Jahres Demokratien sterben mit einem Knall oder mit einem Wimmern. Der Knall, also das oft gewaltsame Ende einer Demokratie durch einen Putsch, einen Krieg oder eine Revolution, ist spektakulärer. Doch das Dahinsiechen einer Demokratie, das Sterben mit einem Wimmern, ist alltäglicher – und gefährlicher, weil die Bürger meist erst aufwachen, wenn es zu spät ist. Mit Blick auf die USA, Lateinamerika und Europa zeigen die beiden Politologen Steven Levitsky und Daniel Ziblatt, woran wir erkennen, dass demokratische Institutionen und Prozesse ausgehöhlt werden. Und sie sagen, an welchen Punkten wir eingreifen können, um diese Entwicklung zu stoppen. Denn mit gezielter Gegenwehr lässt sich die Demokratie retten – auch vom Sterbebett.

A Matter of Dispute

Morality, Democracy, and Law

Author: Christopher J. Peters

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199749957

Category: Law

Page: 378

View: 5160

Law often purports to require people, including government officials, to act in ways they think are morally wrong or harmful. What is it about law that can justify such a claim? In A Matter of Dispute: Morality, Democracy, and Law, Christopher J. Peters offers an answer to this question, one that illuminates the unique appeal of democratic government, the peculiar structure of adversary adjudication, and the contested legitimacy of constitutional judicial review. Peters contends that law should be viewed primarily as a device for avoiding or resolving disputes, a function that implies certain core properties of authoritative legal procedures. Those properties - competence and impartiality - give democracy its advantage over other forms of government. They also underwrite the adversary nature of common-law adjudication and the duties and constraints of democratic judges. And they ground a defense of constitutionalism and judicial review against persistent objections that those practices are "counter-majoritarian" and thus nondemocratic. This work canvasses fundamental problems within the diverse disciplines of legal philosophy, democratic theory, philosophy of adjudication, and public-law theory and suggests a unified approach to unraveling them. It also addresses practical questions of law and government in a way that should appeal to anyone interested in the complex and often troubled relationship among morality, democracy, and the rule of law. Written for specialists and non-specialists alike, A Matter of Dispute explains why each of us individually, and all of us collectively, have reason to obey the law - why democracy truly is a system of government under law.