A Comparative Political Economy of Industrial Capitalism

Author: R. Mascarenhas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230597807

Category: Political Science

Page: 241

View: 1784

This comparative study of industrial capitalism is an examination of state-economy relations in mixed economies ranging from the interventionist German and Japanese to the less interventionist Anglo-American. Following the postwar consensus that resulted in the 'golden age' (1950-1973) and ended with the energy crisis, the Anglo-American economies adopted neoliberalism while Germany and Japan remained interventionist. This resulted in the emergence of national types of capitalism. While analyzing the increased competition between them, R.C.Mascarenhas also notes the influence of globalization as well as 'alternative capitalism' with the survival and re-emergence of industrial districts.
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Comparative Political Economy

States, Markets and Global Capitalism

Author: Ben Clift

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137406003

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 8696

This new textbook provides an authoritative analysis of Comparative Political Economy and how it can help us to understand the global capitalist marketplace in the 21st century in all its variant forms. The author provides broad-ranging empirical examples throughout and relates classical concerns to current international affairs.
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Die Architektur der Märkte

Author: Neil Fligstein

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531159645

Category: Social Science

Page: 263

View: 6469

Die Architektur der Märkte fasst grundlegende Schriften Neil Fligsteins aus verschiedenen Arbeitsphasen zusammen, in denen er eine wirtschaftssoziologische Sicht auf kapitalistische Gesellschaften entwickelt hat. Fligstein hat mit der These von der sozialen Konstruktion oder Architektur von Märkten auf die Bedeutung des Staates und der modernen Unternehmen aufmerksam gemacht und die institutionelle Rahmung des Wirtschaftslebens in den Mittelpunkt gerückt. Der Band hat nach seinem Erscheinen für große Aufmerksamkeit gesorgt und gilt zu Recht als eine der wegweisenden Aufsatzsammlungen der neueren Wirtschaftssoziologie.
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The Comparative Political Economy of the Welfare State

Author: Thomas Janoski,Alexander M. Hicks

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521436021

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 395

View: 3371

Comparative research is exploding with alternative methodological and theoretical approaches. In this book, experts in each one of these methods provide a comprehensive explanation and application of time-series, pooled, event history and Boolean methods to substantive problems of the welfare state. Each section of the book focuses on a different method with a general introduction to the methods and then two papers using the method to deal with analysis concerning welfare state problems in a political economy perspective. Scholars concerned with methodology in this area cannot afford to overlook this book because it will help them keep up on proliferating methodologies. Graduate students in political science and sociology will find this book extremely useful in their careers.
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Varietals of Capitalism

A Political Economy of the Changing Wine Industry

Author: Xabier Itcaina,Antoine Roger,Andy Smith

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501703722

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 3892

Varietals of Capitalism shows that politics is an omnipresent part of the economics of wine and of economic activity in general. Based on a four-year research project encompassing fieldwork in France, Spain, Italy, and Romania, Xabier Itçaina, Antoine Roger, and Andy Smith examine the causes and effects of a radical reform adopted at the EU level in 2008. Regulatory change politically transformed the rationale of EU support to the wine industry, from shaping the supply side to encouraging producers to adapt to the demands of a supposedly "new consumer." To explain the adoption and impact of the reform, the authors develop an analytical framework to capture the actors—their perceptions, preferences, and interdependencies—within an industry crisscrossed by institutions located at the global, European, national, and local scales. This framework combines concepts and lessons from historical institutionalism and regulationist economics, Bourdieu's field theory, and the sociology of public policymaking. The authors reject accounts that attribute policy change simply to material determinants and “the invisible hand of the market.” They emphasize the crucial importance of institutions within sectors of the economy, and propose ways to bolster constructivist approaches to political economy by linking industrial change to scientific and bureaucratic balances of power. This book’s novel focus on different levels of institutional impact should prove influential in the study of the politics of industry, and more broadly within the comparative analysis of capitalism.
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The Political Economy of Russia

Author: Neil Robinson, University of Limerick

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1442210761

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 3717

This timely book explores Russia’s political development since the collapse of the USSR and how inextricably it has been bound up with economic change. Assessing the legacies of the Soviet period, leading scholars trace the evolution of Russia’s political economy and how it may develop as bitter battles continue to be waged over property and state revenues, the development of private agriculture, and welfare. This book puts these domestic issues in international and comparative perspective by considering Russia’s position in the global economy and its growing role as a major energy producer. Focusing especially on the nature and future of Russian capitalism, the contributors weigh the political problems that confront Russia in its ongoing struggle to modernize and develop its economy.
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Varieties of Capitalism

The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage

Author: Peter A. Hall,David Soskice

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191647705

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 570

View: 1976

What are the most fundamental differences among the political economies of the developed world? How do national institutional differences condition economic performance, public policy, and social well-being? Will they survive the pressures for convergence generated by globalization and technological change? These have long been central questions in comparative political economy. This book provides a new and coherent set of answers to them. Building on the new economics of organization, the authors develop an important new theory about which differences among national political economies are most significant for economic policy and performance. Drawing on a distinction between 'liberal' and 'coordinated' market economies, they argue that there is more than one path to economic success. Nations need not converge to a single Anglo-American model. They develop a new theory of 'comparative institutionaladvantage' that transforms our understanding of international trade, offers new explanations for the response of firms and nations to the challenges of globalization, and provides a new theory of national interest to explain the conduct of nations in international relations. The analysis brings the firm back into the centre of comparative political economy. It provides new perspectives on economic and social policy-making that illuminate the role of business in the development of the welfare state and the dilemmas facing those who make economic policy in the contemporary world. Emphasizing the 'institutional complementarities' that link labour relations, corporate finance, and national legal systems, the authors bring interdisciplinary perspectives to bear on issues of strategic management, economic performance, and institutional change. This pathbreaking work sets new agendas in the study of comparative political economy. As such, it will be of value to academics and graduate students in economics, business, and political science, as well as to many others with interests in international relations, social policy-making, and the law.
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Comparative Political Economy of Work

Author: Marco Hauptmeier,Matt Vidal

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137322284

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 3634

The first entirely comparative book in the CPWE series, this interdisciplinary and accessible book is the first to link research on work and employment relations to broader political economy
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The Making of Global Capitalism

The Political Economy Of American Empire

Author: Sam Gindin,Leo Panitch

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 1844679454

Category: Political Science

Page: 464

View: 8318

The all-encompassing embrace of world capitalism at the beginning of the twenty-first century was generally attributed to the superiority of competitive markets. Globalization had appeared to be the natural outcome of this unstoppable process. But today, with global markets roiling and increasingly reliant on state intervention to stay afloat, it has become clear that markets and states aren’t straightforwardly opposing forces. In this groundbreaking work, Leo Panitch and Sam Gindin demonstrate the intimate relationship between modern capitalism and the American state, including its role as an “informal empire” promoting free trade and capital movements. Through a powerful historical survey, they show how the US has superintended the restructuring of other states in favor of competitive markets and coordinated the management of increasingly frequent financial crises. The Making of Global Capitalism, through its highly original analysis of the first great economic crisis of the twenty-first century, identifies the centrality of the social conflicts that occur within states rather than between them. These emerging fault lines hold out the possibility of new political movements transforming nation states and transcending global markets.
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How Institutions Evolve

The Political Economy of Skills in Germany, Britain, the United States, and Japan

Author: Kathleen Thelen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521546744

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 333

View: 1487

Kathleen Thelen explains the historical origins of important cross-national differences in four countries (Germany, Britain, the United States and Japan), and also provides a theory of institutional change over time. The latter is considered a frontier issue in institutionalist analysis, of which there are several varieties emerging from economics, political science, and sociology. Thelen's study contributes to the literature on the political economy of the developed democracies that focuses on different institutional arrangements defining distinctive models of capitalism.
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Comparative Political Economy

Author: Georg Menz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199579989

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 2384

This new and comprehensive volume covering the subfield of comparative political economy provides a detailed overview over its intellectual roots, clarifies its contents, and introduces the readers to key debates while identifying new and exciting avenues for future research. Ideas, interests, and institutions have traditionally been the main focus points of this field, but the volume argues that culture provides an additional and often neglected area, providing the 'glue' that keeps national models of capitalism hanging together. The volume also develops pathways beyond the varieties of capitalism paradigm. Building on a thorough and rigorous review of comparative capitalisms and a synthesis of the research strands that have built the bedrock of this subfield, Comparative Political Economy explores the individual components of national models of capitalism and argues that these elements deserve closer scrutiny. Their permutations have been considerable over the past thirty years, and their study permits valuable insights both empirically and theoretically. The empirical coverage of the book includes chapters covering industrial relations, labour markets, systems of education and training, finance, welfare state, and debt. In the conclusion, research pathways forward are identified and the impact of energy security issues and environmental factors on the study of comparative capitalisms will be assessed.
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Work and Politics

The Division of Labour in Industry

Author: Charles F. Sabel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521230025

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 4879

A historical and comparative sociology of workplace relations in industrial capitalist societies.
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East Asian Capitalism

Diversity, Continuity, and Change

Author: Andrew Walter,Xiaoke Zhang

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199643091

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 331

View: 7306

This volume explores variations, continuities, and changes in the institutional foundations of East Asian capitalism since the 1980s, as reflected in business systems, financial structures, and labour markets. These three institutional dimensions have constituted the main underpinnings of post-war capitalist development in East Asia. While the volume encompasses a range of different cases, specific issues and diverse methodologies, they are all structured aroundthe two dominant themes-the continuities and changes in the institutional underpinnings of capitalist development and the main driving forces behind them. These two themes run through the various parts of the volume and facilitate an integrated analysis of how changing institutional practices inbusiness, financial, and labour systems interact and affect the evolution of capitalist political economies in the region.
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The limits of social democracy

investment politics in Sweden

Author: Jonas Pontusson

Publisher: Cornell Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 261

View: 9166

'Pontusson's book does an excellent job in taking a critical look at Swedish investment politics. . . . On the whole, this book is the best overall explanation of Swedish investment politics. It gives the reader a clear basis for understanding the rise of Swedish social democracy and provides a detailed examination of the developments of industrial policy, codetermination, and wage-earner funds.'--Contemporary Sociology
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Rival Capitalists

International Competitiveness in the United States, Japan, and Western Europe

Author: Jeffrey A. Hart

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801499494

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 305

View: 4178

Surveying the development of the steel, automobile, and semiconductor industries in each of these countries, Jeffrey A. Hart illuminates the role of national policy in a changing...
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International and Comparative Business

Foundations of Political Economies

Author: Leo McCann

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446293483

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 9084

'Erudite and accessible, McCann demonstrates how the national gets reconfigured around the global without losing some of its unique features. Far from being a one-size-fits-all Anglo-American template, neoliberalism comes in many different hues and variations. This is by far the best textbook in the field and is destined to become a classic for years to come.' Manfred B. Steger, Professor of Political Science at the University of Hawai'i-Manoa, Honolulu, Hawai’i, USA 'A sweeping examination of systems of capitalism in theory and in the world’s major industrial economies leads Leo McCann to challenge the conventional wisdom on globalization. Historical analysis of the evolution of business systems and detailed examination of present practice demonstrate persuasively that, despite facing common challenges, distinctive national differences remain salient. A must read for anyone who needs to understand how business systems operate in an increasingly interdependent world economy.' - Dr Eileen Appelbaum, Senior Economist, Center for Economic and Policy Research, Washington, DC, USA Globalization has profound effects on national economies even as distinct national ‘models’ of capitalism remain. International and Comparative Business accessibly tracks the historical and socio-political contexts of the world’s major countries on a chapter-by-chapter basis to the present day. The book provides a comprehensive, critical, yet concise introduction to each of the economies’ key features, including macro overviews as well as organizational and workplace-level analysis. Each chapter features learning objectives, in-depth interpretation and critique of key literature, and annotated further reading to allow readers to rigorously navigate their way through the wealth of material available for each country. This text is essential reading for students and researchers in the areas of international business and cross-cultural management, comparative political economy, and history. Leo McCann is Senior Lecturer in International and Comparative Management at Manchester Business School, University of Manchester, UK
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Re-Forming Capitalism

Institutional Change in the German Political Economy

Author: Wolfgang Streeck

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191614459

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 1595

Wolfgang Streeck has written extensively on comparative political economy and institutional theory. In this book he addresses some of the key issues in this field: the role of history in institutional analysis, the dynamics of slow institutional change, the limitations of rational design and economic-functionalist explanations of institutional stability, and the recurrent difficulties of restraining the effects of capitalism on social order. In the classification of the 'Varieties of Capitalism' school, Germany has always been taken as the chief exemplar of a 'European', coordinated market economy. Streeck explores to what extent Germany actually conforms to this description. His argument is supported by original empirical research on wage-setting and wage structure, the organization of business and labor in business associations and trade unions, social policy, public finance, and corporate governance. From this evidence, Bringing Capitalism Back In traces the current liberalization of the postwar economy of democratic capitalism by means of an historically-grounded approach to institutional change. This is an important book in comparative political economy and key reading across the social sciences for academics, researchers, and advanced students of Political Economy, Sociology, comparative business systems.
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The Comparative Political Economy of Development

Africa and South Asia

Author: Barbara Harriss-White,Fellow and Tutor in Economics at Somerville College and University Lecturer Judith Heyer,Judith Heyer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135171947

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 1064

This book illustrates the enduring relevance and vitality of the comparative political economy of development approach and aptly presents the relation between theory and empirical material in a dynamic and interactive way. It offers a meaningful and powerful explanation of what is happening in the continent of Africa and the sub-continent of South Asia today.
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The Political Economy of Trust

Institutions, Interests, and Inter-Firm Cooperation in Italy and Germany

Author: Henry Farrell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113948107X

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4208

Trust and cooperation are at the heart of the two most important approaches to comparative politics - rational choice and political culture. Yet we know little about trust's relationship to political institutions. This book sets out a rationalist theory of how institutions - and in particular informal institutions - can affect trust without reducing it to fully determine expectations. It then shows how this theory can be applied to comparative political economy, and in particular to explaining inter-firm cooperation in industrial districts, geographical areas of intense small firm collaboration. The book compares trust and cooperation in two prominent districts in the literature, one in Emilia Romagna, Italy, and the other in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It also sets out and applies a theory of how national informal institutions may change as a result of changes in global markets, and shows how similar mechanisms may explain persistent distrust too among Sicilian Mafiosi.
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